House of della Rovere

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della Rovere
Noble house
Blason famille it Della Rovere01.svg
Country Italy
Estates Palazzo Della Rovere (Rome)
Style(s) His Holiness (Pope)
Royal Highness
Founded 1300 (1300)s
Final ruler Vittoria Della Rovere
Dissolution 1694 (1694)
Ethnicity Italian
Cadet branches House of Chigi

The house of della Rovere (literally "of the Oak Tree") was a noble family of Italy. Coming from modest beginnings in Savona, Liguria, the family rose to prominence through nepotism and ambitious marriages arranged by two della Rovere popes, Francesco della Rovere, who ruled as Pope Sixtus IV (1471–1484) and his nephew Giuliano (Pope Julius II, 1503–1513). Pope Sixtus IV built the Sistine Chapel, which is named for him. The Basilica San Pietro in Vincoli in Rome is the family church of the della Rovere.

Guidobaldo da Montefeltro adopted Francesco Maria I della Rovere, his sister's child and nephew of Pope Julius II. Guidobaldo I, who was heirless, called Francesco Maria at his court, and named him as heir of the Duchy of Urbino in 1504, this through the intercession of Julius II. In 1508, Francesco Maria inherited the duchy thereby starting the line of Rovere Dukes of Urbino. That dynasty ended in 1626 when Pope Urban VIII incorporated Urbino into the papal dominions. As compensation to the last sovereign duke, the title only could be continued by Francesco Maria II, and after his death by his heir, Federico Ubaldo.

Vittoria, last descendant of the della Rovere family (she was the only child of Federico Ubaldo), married Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. They had two children: Cosimo III, Tuscany's longest reigning monarch, and Francesco Maria de' Medici, a prince of the Church.

Rovere Dukes of Urbino (1508)[edit]

  1. Francesco Maria I della Rovere (1490–1538)
  2. Guidobaldo II della Rovere (1514–1574)
  3. Francesco Maria II della Rovere (1549–1631) - duchy abolished, title continued
  4. Federico Ubaldo della Rovere (1605–1623) - title became extinct with his death

Family tree[edit]

Dotted lines indicate duplicates (where a person appears more than once in the tree).
Small caps text indicates the surname of the children (regardless of number) of a union.
All persons have the surname Della Rovere unless otherwise indicated.

Leonardo (Beltramo)
of Savona
(b. ?–
c. 1430)
(Pope Sixtus IV)
Basso della Rovere
Giovanni Basso,
marchese di Bistagno e
di Monastero
(d. 1481)
Cardinal Girolamo Basso della Rovere
c. 1485)
Bartolomeo Armoino
(d. c. 1470)
Giuppo della Rovere
Nobile Pietro Giuppo
(d. 1490)
c. 1490)
Giacomo Basso
dei marchesi di Bistagno
e Monastero
(d. 1465)
Riario della Rovere
Paolo Riario
(d. 1460)
Raffaele della Rovere
made Senator of Rome
Giuliano della Rovere
(Pope Julius II)
Teodora Manirolo
c. 1480)
Duke of Arce 1472
and Sora 1474,
Prefect of Rome 1473
Giovanna of Aragon,
natural daughter of
King Ferrante I of Naples
Giovanni della Rovere
(d. 1501) Duke of Sora, son in law of Federico da Montefeltro Duke of Urbino
Francesco Maria I,
Duke of Urbino
Duke of Sora
Guidobaldo II
Duke of Urbino
Francesco Maria II,
Duke of Urbino
Duke of Sora
Federico Ubaldo,
Duke of Urbino
Bishop of Massa 1472
and Ferrara 1474
Cardinal Giulio Feltrio della Rovere,
(d. 1578)
Ippolito (illegitimate),
Marchese di San Lorenzo
(d. 1620)
Giulia della Rovere (d. 1563)
(d. 1636)
Franciotti della Rovere
Gian Francesco Franciotti
(d. 1475)
Ippolito Lante Montefeltro della Rovere
Marcantonio Lante
Gara della Rovere
Thales Leonardo Della Rovere Felix
(séc. XXI)


Further reading[edit]

  • Ian Verstegen, Patronage and Dynasty: the Rise of the Della Rovere in Renaissance Italy (Truman State University Press, 2007)

External links[edit]