House of the People (Afghanistan)

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House of the People

ولسی جرگه/مجلس نمایندگان

Majles-e-Namayendagan/Wolesi Jirga
16th House of the People of Afghanistan
Type
Type
History
Founded1931[1]
Leadership
Speaker/Chairman
Mir Rahman Rahmani
since 29 June 2019
First Deputy Speaker
Amir Khan Yar
since 2 July 2019
First Deputy Speaker
Ahmad Shah Ramazan
since 2 July 2019
Secretary
Mirdad Khan Nejrabi
since 2 July 2019
Deputy Secretary
Irfanullah Irfan
since 2 July 2019
Structure
Seats249
Wolesi Jirga 2010.svg
Political groups
Elections
Last election
2018 Afghan parliamentary election
Next election
2023 Afghan parliamentary election
Meeting place
Kabul
Website
wj.parliament.af
National emblem of Afghanistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Afghanistan
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The House of Representatives of the People or Majles-e-Namayendagan Afghanistan in Persian and Wolesi Jirga in Pashtu and Turkic (Persian: مجلس نمایندگان افغانستان‎, Pashto: د افغانستان ولسي جرگه‎), is the lower house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the upper House of Elders.

The House of Representatives of the People is the chamber that bears the greater burden of lawmaking in the country, as with the House of Commons in the Westminster model. It consists of 249 delegates directly elected by single non-transferable vote (SNTV).[2] Members are elected by district and serve for five years. The constitution guarantees at least 68 delegates to be female. Kuchi nomads elect 10 representatives through a Single National Constituency.

The House of Representatives of the People[3] has the primary responsibility for making and ratifying laws and approving the actions of the president. The first elections in decades were held only in September 2005, four years after the fall of the Taliban regime, still under international (mainly UN and NATO) supervision.

The 2010 Wolesi Jirga elections were held on September 18, 2010 [4][5] and the 2018 Wolesi Jirga and Districts Council's election were held on October 20, 2018 with almost three years of delay[6][7] The new Parliament was later inaugurated on April 26, 2019.[8]

Elections[edit]

Elections were last held on October 20, 2018. Originally, they had originally been scheduled for 15 October 2016,[9] but were initially postponed to 7 July 2018,[10] and then again to 20 October.[11] The current Parliament was later sworn in by Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani on April 26, 2019.[12] The current Parliament is also Afghanistan 17th Parliament.[12] The same day final results from four Afghanistan provinces revealed, among other things, that House of the People former speaker Abdul Rauf Ibrahimi of Kunduz had been re-elected to the House of the People as well.[13]

Speakers[edit]

Speakers of the Wolesi Jirga since establishment in 1931

Name Entered office Left office Notes
Abdul Ahad Wardak 1931 1933 [1]
Abdul Ahad Wardak 1934 1936 [1]
Abdul Ahad Wardak 1937 1939 [1]
Abdul Ahad Wardak 1940 1942 [1]
Abdul Ahad Wardak 1943 1945 [1]
Sultan Ahmad Khan 1946 1948 [1]
Abdul Hadi Dawi 1949 1951 [1]
Abdul Rasheed Khan 1952 1954 [1]
Mohammad Nawroz Khan 1955 1957 [1]
Mohammad Nawroz Khan 1958 1960 [1]
Abdul Zahir 1961 1964 [1]
Abdul Zahir 1965 1968 [1]
Mohammad Omer Wardak 1969 1972 [1]
Dissolved 1973 1988
? April 1988 1992
Not functioning 1992 2005
Yunus Qanuni 7 December 2005 6 December 2010
Abdul Rauf Ibrahimi 27 February 2011 20 May 2019 [14]
Mir Rahman Rahmani 29 June 2019 Incumbent

Members of Parliament (2005)[edit]

Some members of the Wolesi Jirga's 2005 election were:

Name Role Constituency Notes
Mohammad Younis Qanooni Speaker Kabul Province
Mirwais Yasini First Deputy Speaker Nangarhar Province
  • Candidate for President during the 2009 Afghan Presidential elections.[16][17]
Mohammad Arif Noorzai First deputy speaker Kandahar Province
Burhanuddin Rabbani Badakshan Province
Pacha Khan Zadran Paktia Province
Saleh Mohammad Registani Panjshir Province
  • A prominent anti-Taliban figure, who fought against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda during the resistance period in Afghanistan.
Malalai Joya Farah Province
  • women's rights campaigner, nicked "the bravest woman in Afghanistan."[21][22]
Sayed Mohmood Hasamuddeen Al-Gailani Ghazni Province
  • He is a grandson of Pir Gailani, a prominent Sufi, and leader of an Afghan political party.[23]
Ali Akbar Qasimi Ghazni Province
  • He is a General in the Afghan National Army, and was a former commander of the 14th Division, which was garrisoned in Ghazni.[23]
Mohammad Daud Sultanzoy Ghazni Province
  • Sultanzoy, prior to his election, was a pilot for United Airlines.[23]
Niyaz Mohammad Amiri Ghazni Province
Rahila Bibi Kobra Alamshahi Ghazni Province
  • She is a teacher and journalist.[23]
Zahera Ahmadyar Mawlayee Ghazni Province
  • She was formerly the head of the Ghazni women's shura.[23] She was a University Physics and Math instructor at a
Shah Gul Rezai Ghazni Province
Abdul Qayyum Sajjadi Ghazni Province
  • He was the editor of a science journal prior to taking office.[23]
Khyal Mohammad Mohammad Khan Ghazni Province
  • He is the finalcial chief for the Hezbi Islami.[23]
  • His election was close—he won by two votes.[23]
Al-Haj Mamur Abdul Jabar Shulgari Ghazni Province
  • Prior to his election he served in the Loya Jirga that drafted Afghanistan's new Constitution.[23]
Abdul Bagi Baryal Ghazni Province
Fauzia Gailani Herat Province
  • Won more votes than any other female candidate.[24][25]
  • Won more votes than any other candidate in Herat.[24][25]
Fazlullah Mojadeddi Logar Province
  • Formerly Governor of Logar. Member of Wolesi Jirga from 2005-2010. Did not run in the 2010 Elections.
Dr. Shakila Hashimi Logar Province
  • She is the chairperson of the Health Committee
Ali Mohammad Logar Province
  • Serves on the Communications, Urban Development, Water, power, Municipal Affairs Committee
Wali Wahdatyar Ahmadzai Logar Province
  • Unknown
Haji Akbar Stanekzai Logar Province
  • Unknown
Hajji Alam Gull Kuchi Kuchi people
Shukria Barakzai Kabul Province
Malalai Shinwari Kabul Province
  • Shinwari was a journalist prior to running for office.[29][30][31]
  • She reports her supporters were subjected to intimidation from traditionalists.
  • She opposes selling daughters into marriage to pay off debts.
Fauzia Nasryar Haidari Kabul Province
Fatima Nazry Kabul Province
Erfanullah Erfan Kabul Province
Alami Balkhi Kabul Province
Anwar Khan Auriakhel Kabul Province
Baidar Zazai Kabul Province
Abbas Noyan Kabul Province
Jamil Karzai Kabul Province
Obaidullah Kandahar Province
  • Served on the Economics committee.[18]
Malali Ishaqzai Kandahar Province
  • She served on the Government Services Committee.[18]
Haji Ahmad Shah Khan Asakzai Kandahar Province
  • He sat on the Armed Service Committee.[18]
Haji Ameer Lali Kandahar Province
  • He sat on the Armed Services Committee.[18]
Fariba Ahmadi Kakar Kandahar Province
  • She sat on the Armed Services Committee.[18]
Habibullah Jan Kandahar Province
Khalid Pashtoon Kandahar Province
  • He was the deputy chair of the Internal Security Committee.[18]
Noorulhaq Olumi Kandahar Province
  • He was the chair of the Armed Services Committee.[18]
Shakiba Hashemi Kandahar Province
  • She sat on the Environment Committee.[18]
Sayyad Mohammad Kandahar Province
  • He sat on the Armed Services Committee.[18]
Amir Khan Sabri Khost Province
  • He sat on the Communications Committee.[33]
Mawlawi Hanif Shah al-Hussaini Khost Province
  • He sat on the Justice Committee.[33]
Sahira Sharif Khost Province
Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy Khost Province
Gul Haar Jalal Kunar Province
  • She sat on the Disabled and Martyrs Committee.[34]
Shujaul Mulik Kunar Province
  • He sat on the Internal Security Committee.[34]
Mawlawi Shahzada Shahid Kunar Province
Al-Haj Sahib Rahman Kunar Province
  • He was assassinated by a suicide bomber on November 6, 2007.[34]
  • He sat on the Economics Committee.[34]
Sayed Durahman Laghman Province
  • Prior to being elected to the national legislature he was a madrassa teacher.[35]
Engineer Mohammad Alim Qarar Laghman Province
Zefnoon Safai Laghman Province
  • She sat on the legislature's budget committee.[35]
Esmatullah Muhabat Laghman Province
  • He was killed in 2005.[35]
Mulla Abdul Salam Rakity Zabul Province
Hameedullah Khan Tokhi Zabul Province
Toorpekai Zabul Province
Ahmad Waheed Khan Tahiri Herat Province
Abdul Hadi Jamshidi Herat Province
Abdul Salam Qazizada Herat Province
Ahmad Behzad Herat Province
Ahmad Waheed Khan Tahiri Herat Province
Aqayee Jebraili Herat Province
Aziz Ahmad Naadim Herat Province
Gul Ahmad Herat Province
Mohammad Arif Tayab Herat Province
Mohammad Salih Saljoqi Herat Province
Najla Dehqan Nizhad Herat Province
Qazi Nazir Ahmad Herat Province
Rahimi Jami Herat Province
Saadat Fatahi Herat Province
Sayyad Mohammad Shafiq Herat Province
Shahnaz Hemati Herat Province
Zarin Herat Province

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "A glance of the History of Assemblies of Afghanistan" (PDF). Wolesi Yirga. 25 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Fact Sheet: Single Non-Transferable Vote (SNTV) System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-10-27.
  3. ^ "This Afghan MP Has Been In Hot Water Before, But Trashing A Pastry Shop Takes The Cake". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  4. ^ "Afghans brave Taliban to vote in parliamentary election". BBC News Online. 18 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  5. ^ March 25, 2010: IEC Press Release on 2010 Wolesi Jirga Election Timeline Archived April 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Afghans defy deadly poll violence". BBC News. 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  7. ^ "Press Release of the IEC Change of Election date". iec.org.af. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  8. ^ http://prod.tolonews.com/afghanistan/ghani-inaugurates-parliament
  9. ^ "Afghan Panel Sets Election Date, Drawing Government Criticism".
  10. ^ News, ABC. "International News: Latest Headlines, Video and Photographs from Around the World – People, Places, Crisis, Conflict, Culture, Change, Analysis and Trends". ABC News. Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  11. ^ "Afghanistan Sets Date for Parliamentary and District Elections After 3-Year Security Delay". 1 April 2018.
  12. ^ a b https://www.aninews.in/news/world/asia/17th-legislative-term-of-afghan-parliament-inaugurated20190426204757/
  13. ^ https://www.khaama.com/final-election-results-announced-for-wardak-kunduz-baghlan-nomads-constituency-03807/
  14. ^ http://wolesi.website/pve/showdoc.aspx?Id=1096
  15. ^ Thomas H. Johnson (February 2006). "The Prospects for Post-Conflict Afghanistan: A Call of the Sirens to the Country's Troubled Past". V (2). Strategic Insights. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
  16. ^ "Mohammad Younis Qanooni speaker of WJ meets Saudi Arabia's ambassador in Kabul". Government of Afghanistan. 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2009-05-25. Also in the other part of session Mirwis Yasini first deputy of WJ presented the reports of the yesterday meeting with the country’s president about negotiation with Afghan Taliban and residence areas bombards, the non Consonance of foreign forces attacks with government organs and the lack of perspicuous systems justice and criminals penalty.[dead link]
  17. ^ Nancy A. Youssef (2009-07-07). "Where's Pentagon 'terrorism suspect'? Talking to Karzai". McClatchy News Service. Archived from the original on 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Profile: Kandahar Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
  19. ^ Kevin Sack, Craig Pyes (2006-09-26). "Cloak of secrecy hides abuse in Afghanistan". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 2007-03-07. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
  20. ^ "Armed Conflict Database: Afghanistan Timeline". International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-22.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ "'The Bravest Woman in Afghanistan': Malalai Joya Speaks Out Against the Warlord-Controlled Afghan Government & U.S. Military Presence". Democracy Now!. 2007-06-19. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
  22. ^ Afghanistan 2004 election results
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Province: Ghazni" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-11.
  24. ^ a b "Profile: Herat Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. [1]
  25. ^ a b Kim Barker (2005-11-06). "A conservative Afghan city elects a woman". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-06-13. Her life started out much like those of other Herat women. At age 13, while she still played with dolls, she was forced to marry a man who was 15 years older. She was his second wife. But after moving to Iran during Afghanistan's wars, Gailani fell in love with sports. She started exercising and worked at a gym for women. When her family moved back to Herat after the Taliban fell, she brought two carloads of equipment to start gyms for women in Herat.
  26. ^ Jason Staziuso (2009-03-03). "Afghan tech boom: Mullah embraces iPhone". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
  27. ^ Clancy Chassay (2008-11-22). "Acid attacks and rape: growing threat to women who oppose traditional order: Female MPs speak out as conditions worsen and Islamists gain respectability". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  28. ^ "The Media Report". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-06-22. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  29. ^ Alisa Tang (2007-07-10). "Afghan girls traded for debts, blood feuds". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  30. ^ Golnaz Esfandiari (2005-08-12). "Threats, Intimidation Reported Against Female Candidates". Global Security. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  31. ^ Abdul Baseer Saeed (2005-10-29). "Winning Afghan candidates become warlords' targets". RAWA. Retrieved 2008-08-04. Malalai Shinwari, who came in first among Kabul's female candidates, said threats and intimidation have increased since her apparent victory. She blames the armed commanders who also appear to have won seats in the parliament with instigating the violence in their own political interests.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Profile: Kabul Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
  33. ^ a b c d "Profile: Khost Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-19.
  34. ^ a b c d e "Profile: Kunar Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-14. mirror
  35. ^ a b c d "Program for Culture and Conflict Studies: Laghman Province" (PDF). Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
  36. ^ a b c d "Profile: Zabul Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-19. Retrieved 2010-06-15.

External links[edit]