House of the People (Afghanistan)
This article needs to be updated.December 2011)(
House of the People
ولسی جرگه/مجلس نمایندگان
|16th House of the People of Afghanistan|
Mir Rahman Rahmani
since 29 June 2019
First Deputy Speaker
Amir Khan Yar
since 2 July 2019
First Deputy Speaker
Ahmad Shah Ramazan
since 2 July 2019
Mirdad Khan Nejrabi
since 2 July 2019
since 2 July 2019
|2018 Afghan parliamentary election|
|2023 Afghan parliamentary election|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The House of Representatives of the People or Majles-e-Namayendagan Afghanistan in Persian and Wolesi Jirga in Pashtu and Turkic (Persian: مجلس نمایندگان افغانستان, Pashto: د افغانستان ولسي جرگه), is the lower house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the upper House of Elders.
The House of Representatives of the People is the chamber that bears the greater burden of lawmaking in the country, as with the House of Commons in the Westminster model. It consists of 249 delegates directly elected by single non-transferable vote (SNTV). Members are elected by district and serve for five years. The constitution guarantees at least 68 delegates to be female. Kuchi nomads elect 10 representatives through a Single National Constituency.
The House of Representatives of the People has the primary responsibility for making and ratifying laws and approving the actions of the president. The first elections in decades were held only in September 2005, four years after the fall of the Taliban regime, still under international (mainly UN and NATO) supervision.
The 2010 Wolesi Jirga elections were held on September 18, 2010  and the 2018 Wolesi Jirga and Districts Council's election were held on October 20, 2018 with almost three years of delay The new Parliament was later inaugurated on April 26, 2019.
Elections were last held on October 20, 2018. Originally, they had originally been scheduled for 15 October 2016, but were initially postponed to 7 July 2018, and then again to 20 October. The current Parliament was later sworn in by Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani on April 26, 2019. The current Parliament is also Afghanistan 17th Parliament. The same day final results from four Afghanistan provinces revealed, among other things, that House of the People former speaker Abdul Rauf Ibrahimi of Kunduz had been re-elected to the House of the People as well.
Speakers of the Wolesi Jirga since establishment in 1931
|Name||Entered office||Left office||Notes|
|Abdul Ahad Wardak||1931||1933|||
|Abdul Ahad Wardak||1934||1936|||
|Abdul Ahad Wardak||1937||1939|||
|Abdul Ahad Wardak||1940||1942|||
|Abdul Ahad Wardak||1943||1945|||
|Sultan Ahmad Khan||1946||1948|||
|Abdul Hadi Dawi||1949||1951|||
|Abdul Rasheed Khan||1952||1954|||
|Mohammad Nawroz Khan||1955||1957|||
|Mohammad Nawroz Khan||1958||1960|||
|Mohammad Omer Wardak||1969||1972|||
|Yunus Qanuni||7 December 2005||6 December 2010|
|Abdul Rauf Ibrahimi||27 February 2011||20 May 2019|||
|Mir Rahman Rahmani||29 June 2019||Incumbent|
Members of Parliament (2005)
Some members of the Wolesi Jirga's 2005 election were:
- National Assembly of Afghanistan
- House of Elders
- Politics of Afghanistan
- List of legislatures by country
- "A glance of the History of Assemblies of Afghanistan" (PDF). Wolesi Yirga. 25 January 2019.
- "Fact Sheet: Single Non-Transferable Vote (SNTV) System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-10-27.
- "This Afghan MP Has Been In Hot Water Before, But Trashing A Pastry Shop Takes The Cake". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- "Afghans brave Taliban to vote in parliamentary election". BBC News Online. 18 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- March 25, 2010: IEC Press Release on 2010 Wolesi Jirga Election Timeline Archived April 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Afghans defy deadly poll violence". BBC News. 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- "Press Release of the IEC Change of Election date". iec.org.af. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- "Afghan Panel Sets Election Date, Drawing Government Criticism".
- News, ABC. "International News: Latest Headlines, Video and Photographs from Around the World – People, Places, Crisis, Conflict, Culture, Change, Analysis and Trends". ABC News. Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Afghanistan Sets Date for Parliamentary and District Elections After 3-Year Security Delay". 1 April 2018.
- Thomas H. Johnson (February 2006). "The Prospects for Post-Conflict Afghanistan: A Call of the Sirens to the Country's Troubled Past". V (2). Strategic Insights. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
- "Mohammad Younis Qanooni speaker of WJ meets Saudi Arabia's ambassador in Kabul". Government of Afghanistan. 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
Also in the other part of session Mirwis Yasini first deputy of WJ presented the reports of the yesterday meeting with the country’s president about negotiation with Afghan Taliban and residence areas bombards, the non Consonance of foreign forces attacks with government organs and the lack of perspicuous systems justice and criminals penalty.[dead link]
- Nancy A. Youssef (2009-07-07). "Where's Pentagon 'terrorism suspect'? Talking to Karzai". McClatchy News Service. Archived from the original on 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- "Profile: Kandahar Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
- Kevin Sack, Craig Pyes (2006-09-26). "Cloak of secrecy hides abuse in Afghanistan". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 2007-03-07. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
- "Armed Conflict Database: Afghanistan Timeline". International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-22.[permanent dead link]
- "'The Bravest Woman in Afghanistan': Malalai Joya Speaks Out Against the Warlord-Controlled Afghan Government & U.S. Military Presence". Democracy Now!. 2007-06-19. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
- Afghanistan 2004 election results
- "Province: Ghazni" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-11.
- "Profile: Herat Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. 
Kim Barker (2005-11-06). "A conservative Afghan city elects a woman". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-06-13.
Her life started out much like those of other Herat women. At age 13, while she still played with dolls, she was forced to marry a man who was 15 years older. She was his second wife. But after moving to Iran during Afghanistan's wars, Gailani fell in love with sports. She started exercising and worked at a gym for women. When her family moved back to Herat after the Taliban fell, she brought two carloads of equipment to start gyms for women in Herat.
- Jason Staziuso (2009-03-03). "Afghan tech boom: Mullah embraces iPhone". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- Clancy Chassay (2008-11-22). "Acid attacks and rape: growing threat to women who oppose traditional order: Female MPs speak out as conditions worsen and Islamists gain respectability". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- "The Media Report". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-06-22. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- Alisa Tang (2007-07-10). "Afghan girls traded for debts, blood feuds". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
- Golnaz Esfandiari (2005-08-12). "Threats, Intimidation Reported Against Female Candidates". Global Security. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
Abdul Baseer Saeed (2005-10-29). "Winning Afghan candidates become warlords' targets". RAWA. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
Malalai Shinwari, who came in first among Kabul's female candidates, said threats and intimidation have increased since her apparent victory. She blames the armed commanders who also appear to have won seats in the parliament with instigating the violence in their own political interests.
- "Profile: Kabul Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- "Profile: Khost Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-19.
- "Profile: Kunar Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-14. mirror
- "Program for Culture and Conflict Studies: Laghman Province" (PDF). Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- "Profile: Zabul Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-19. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
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