Houston, Missouri

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Houston, Missouri
Texas County Administrative Center
Texas County Administrative Center
Location of Houston, Missouri
Location of Houston, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°19′34″N 91°57′22″W / 37.32611°N 91.95611°W / 37.32611; -91.95611Coordinates: 37°19′34″N 91°57′22″W / 37.32611°N 91.95611°W / 37.32611; -91.95611[1]
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyTexas
Government
 • MayorDon Tottingham
Area
 • Total3.64 sq mi (9.43 km2)
 • Land3.64 sq mi (9.43 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation1,165 ft (355 m)
Population
 • Total2,081
 • Estimate 
(2016)[4]
2,093
 • Density570/sq mi (220/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
65483
Area code(s)417
FIPS code29-33238[5]
WebsiteCity of Houston, Missouri

Houston is a city in Texas County, Missouri, United States. The population was 2,081 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Texas County.[6]

History[edit]

Houston was founded in 1857.[7] The city was named for Sam Houston.[8][9]

During the American Civil War, Houston was sometimes manned by units of the 5th Missouri State Militia.[10]

The Arthur W. and Chloe B. Cole House, Houston High School, and Houston Ranger Station Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11]

Geography[edit]

Houston is located in the Missouri Ozarks in central Texas County at the intersection of US Route 63 and Missouri Route 17. Cabool is about 15 miles to the southwest and Licking is about 12 miles to the northeast on route 63.[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.64 square miles (9.43 km2), all of it land.[2] Houston is the second largest city in Texas County, behind Cabool. The town is located south of Rolla.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880191
189035585.9%
190051444.8%
191064425.3%
192077219.9%
1930690−10.6%
194082018.8%
19501,27755.7%
19601,66030.0%
19702,17831.2%
19802,157−1.0%
19902,118−1.8%
20001,992−5.9%
20102,0814.5%
Est. 20162,093[4]0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 2,081 people, 935 households, and 513 families residing in the city. The population density was 571.7 inhabitants per square mile (220.7/km2). There were 1,060 housing units at an average density of 291.2 per square mile (112.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 935 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.1% were non-families. 41.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 41.9 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 24.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.0% male and 56.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,992 people, 904 households, and 536 families residing in the city. The population density was 559.8 people per square mile (216.0/km²). There were 1,042 housing units at an average density of 292.8 per square mile (113.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.13% White, 0.20% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.

There were 904 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.67.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 27.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 73.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,886, and the median income for a family was $28,798. Males had a median income of $26,371 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,977. About 20.6% of families and 26.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 19.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Houston R-I School District operates one elementary school, one middle school, and Houston High School.[14]

Houston has a public library, a branch of the Texas County Library.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Houston, Missouri
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ Ramsay, Robert L. (1952). Our Storehouse of Missouri Place Names. University of Missouri Press. p. 26.
  8. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 367.
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 161.
  10. ^ Hewett, J. (1994). Supplement to the Official records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Pub. Co. , Volume 35, p. 136
  11. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  12. ^ Missouri Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, 1998, First edition, p. 54, ISBN 0-89933-224-2
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Houston R-I School District". Greatschools. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Branches". Texas County Library. Retrieved 18 March 2018.

External links[edit]