Houston County, Georgia
|Houston County, Georgia|
Houston County courthouse in Perry
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||May 15, 1821|
|Named for||John Houstoun|
|Largest city||Warner Robins|
|• Total||380 sq mi (984 km2)|
|• Land||376 sq mi (974 km2)|
|• Water||4.4 sq mi (11 km2), 1.2%|
|• Density||373/sq mi (144/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC−5/−4|
Houston County // is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. The estimated 2016 population is 152,122. Its county seat is Perry, although the city of Warner Robins is substantially larger in both area and population.
The county was created on May 15, 1821, as one of five counties in the state, and later reduced in size with the formation of Bibb, Crawford, Pike, Macon, and Peach counties. It was named after Georgia governor John Houstoun, with the spelling being a common 19th-century variation that later evolved to "Houston". The pronunciation, however, remains to this day "howston."  The geographic center of the county was given the name Wattsville, which was later changed to Perry.
The vast majority of Houston County is located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The very northern edge of the county, north of Centerville and Warner Robins, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. The very southwestern corner of Houston County, well west of Interstate 75, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).
- Bibb County - north
- Peach County - west
- Twiggs County - east
- Bleckley County - southeast
- Pulaski County - south-southeast
- Dooly County - south
- Macon County - southwest
- Interstate 75
- U.S. Route 41
- U.S. Route 129
- U.S. Route 341
- State Route 7
- State Route 7 Spur
- State Route 11
- State Route 11 Business
- State Route 11 Connector
- State Route 26
- State Route 49
- State Route 96
- State Route 127
- State Route 224
- State Route 247
- State Route 247 Connector
- State Route 247 Spur
- State Route 329
- State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)
Pedestrians and cycling
- Big Indian Creek Trail (Proposed)
- Walker's Pond Trail
- Wellston Trail
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 139,900 people, 53,051 households, and 37,874 families residing in the county. The population density was 372.5 inhabitants per square mile (143.8/km2). There were 58,325 housing units at an average density of 155.3 per square mile (60.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.3% white, 28.6% black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 12.9% were American, 10.3% were German, 10.0% were English, and 9.1% were Irish.
Of the 53,051 households, 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 34.5 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $55,098 and the median income for a family was $67,227. Males had a median income of $47,557 versus $34,239 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,206. About 10.3% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
Houston County Schools operates public schools.
- "2016 Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
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- "Houston County, Georgia - Centerville, Perry, Warner Robins - Georgia's Most Progressive County!".
- "Houston County". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor. Retrieved 2016-09-01.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
- "Perry, Houston County considering 7.5 mile recreation trail".
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
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- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-20.
- Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Houston. I. A central county of Georgia". The American Cyclopædia.
- Flint Electric Membership Corporation historical marker
- Houston County historical marker