Hovnanian Enterprises

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Hovnanian Enterprises Inc.
Traded asNYSEHOV (Class A)
Russell 2000 Component
Founded1959; 61 years ago, 1967; 53 years ago
HeadquartersMatawan, New Jersey, United States
Key people
Kevork Hovnanian
Ara K. Hovnanian (Chairman President & CEO)

Lou Smith

J. Larry Sorsby
CFO & Executive VP
Brad G. O’Connor
CAO, VP & Corporate Controller

David Bachstetter
VP Finance & Treasurer
Financial Services
RevenueIncrease US$ 1.991 billion (2018)[1]
Increase US$ 8.15 million (2018)[1]
Increase US$ 4.52 million (2018)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$ 1.662 billion (2018)[1]
Total equityIncrease US$ -453.50 million (2018)[1]
Number of employees
1,851 (October 2018)[1]

Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. is a United States real estate company which is involved in every aspect of marketing homes, including design, construction and sales. The company works with individual detached housing as well as higher-occupancy dwellings, including townhouses, condominiums and retirement homes. In most cases, the company acquires and develops the land on which these developments are built, but in some geographic regions, Hovnanian offers to build their proprietary house designs on private land. The company consists of two operating groups, homebuilding and financial services.

Despite some recent financial difficulties due to the 2008–2009 recession and financial crisis, Hovnanian Enterprises remains the eleventh largest American homebuilder and is one of the largest homebuilders in New Jersey, as of December 2018.

Company operations[edit]

Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. has delivered in excess of 336,000 houses since incorporation including 5,831 homes in fiscal 2018, with base prices ranging from $144,000 to $2,252,000 and averaging about $393,000. It operates in Arizona, California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.[2] Members of the Hovnanian family, including Ara K. Hovnanian, have voting control more than 50% of the votes as of January 29, 2018 equivalent to a stake worth $178 million in 2015.[3]

The company relocated its corporate headquarters to a new building on the banks of the Navesink River in Red Bank, New Jersey, in 2006.[4]

In 2018 the corporate headquarters was relocated to Matawan, New Jersey.

Also in 2018, Hovnanian moved to default on debts in a manufactured default deal with the Blackstone Group which would benefit through Credit Default Swaps, in exchange for a sweetheart loan from Blackstone.[5]


In 1959, Kevork Hovnanian, an ethnic Armenian originally from Iraq, and his three brothers - Hirair Hovnanian, Jirair Hovnanian and Vahak Hovananian - each contributed $1,000 dollars, in addition to $20,000 which they borrowed, to found Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. in a trailer in Toms River, New Jersey.[6]

Hovnanian and his company earned a reputation to selling low cost condos and townhouses, many to first time young homeowners and families.[6] A typical two-bedroom, two bathroom Hovnanian home built in the early 1980s cost approximately $30,000 because Hovnanian eliminated amenities such as communal swimming pools, which other builders used to attract potential buyers.[6] In a New York Times interview in 1983, Hovnanian explained his reasoning for marketing low cost homes in developments without community amenities, "There are limited recreation facilities going in because people have little time for socialization."[6]

In 1964 Jirair Hovnanian split off from his brothers' company and founded his own construction business, J.S. Hovnanian & Sons, of Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey.[7] Hirair and Vahak also left the company by 1969 to found their own enterprises.[6]

Hovnanian Enterprises had built and sold more than 30,000 homes and condos by 1989.[6] An additional 200,000 residences were sold between 1989 and 2009, as the company expanded its construction to include luxury homes, mid-priced homes and retirement communities.[6] It remains one the United States' largest builders of "active adult homes", which are sold under the name of Four Seasons communities.[4]

Kevork Hovnanian stepped down as president of Hovnanian Enterprises in 1989, and was succeeded by his son, Ara K. Hovnanian.[6] He remained chief executive until his retirement in 1997, and was also replaced as CEO by Ara Hovnanian.[6] However, he remained the chairman of the company's board of directors until his death in 2009.[6]

Ara Hovnanian is a graduate of The University of Pennsylvania Wharton School and led the company through 19 acquisitions of smaller builders from 1999 through the early stages of the housing crisis. The company relied heavily on debt to fund the acquisitions. However, falling property prices has forced the company to write off more than $2.6 billion of its value since 2006. As of October 2018, the company's debt load is $1.5 billion and interest payments amount to about $40 million per quarter.


Hovnanian has been the subject of customer complaints. In a few cases, there have been legitimate construction problems in some Hovnanian houses. For example, in 2005, Hovnanian acknowledged problems in a development in New Jersey after nearly three dozen disgruntled homeowners turned to elected officials when their complaints were ignored.[8]

K. Hovnanian the home builder and the mortgage company are no strangers to controversy. In 2008, the home builder was involved in a class action lawsuit where the plaintiffs alleged their subdivision was built near an old bombing range. The company settled the lawsuit in 2011 for a reported $1.2 million.[9]

The mortgage company was involved in a class action lawsuit filed in 2007 alleging violations of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) for removing incentives from home buyers if they opted to use another title insurance provider rather than the Hovnanian-affiliated title insurance company. [10]

K. Hovnanian Homes has also been the subject of praise from homeowners citing the builders reputation and solid history.[11] Hovnanian has also received numerous awards based on the quality of their construction and high level customer support.[12][13]


External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Hovnanian Enterprises Inc 2018 Annual Report - Form 10-K - October 31, 2018". secdatabase.com. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  2. ^ "Hovnanian Enterprises Inc 2018 Annual Report - Form 10-K - October 31, 2018". secdatabase.com. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  3. ^ "Hovnanian Enterprises Inc 2018 Annual Report - Proxy - 2018-01-22". secdatabase.com. Retrieved 2018-01-22.
  4. ^ a b Willis, David P. (2009-09-24). "Homebuilder leaves legacy of philanthropy". Asbury Park Press. Archived from the original|archive-url= requires |url= (help) on 2013-01-17.
  5. ^ "Wall Street to Tamp Down on Default Insurance Bets".
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Meier, Barry (2009-09-25). "Kevork S. Hovnanian, Construction Company Founder, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
  7. ^ Sims, Gayle Nonan (2007-08-15). "J.S. Hovnanian, New Jersey builder, dies". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2007-09-16.[dead link]
  8. ^ "N.J.: State Report Details Homebuilding Flaws". Daily Real Estate News, Realtor Magazine Online. March 23, 2005.
  9. ^ http://themortgageinsider.net/mortgage-reviews/k-hovnanian-american-mortgage-review.html
  10. ^ http://themortgageinsider.net/mortgage-reviews/k-hovnanian-american-mortgage-review.html
  11. ^ Woman trades noisy neighbor for a peaceful K. Hovnanian Home, Asbury Park Press, app.com, January 13, 2008, accessed February 2, 2008
  12. ^ K. Hovnanian Homes Earns National Housing Quality Certification for Outstanding Quality Assurance and Customer Satisfaction, NAHB Research Center, nahbrc.org, September 7, 2006, accessed February 2, 2008
  13. ^ Six Quality Methods for Award Winning Performance of National Housing Quality award winners Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine, Toolbase Services, toolbase.org, accessed February 2, 2008
  14. ^ "Kevork Hovnanian - armeniapedia.org". www.armeniapedia.org. Retrieved 2020-01-06.
  15. ^ "Kevork Hovnanian, founder of Red Bank real estate firm, dies at 86". nj. 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2020-01-06.
  16. ^ "Ocean Medical Center in New Jersey Breaks Ground on $85M ED Expansion". www.beckershospitalreview.com. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  17. ^ Breanne McCarthy, "Ocean Medical Center takes on $82 million expansion project", The Ocean Star (March 1, 2013), p. 12.