Howard Alk (25 October 1930 – January 1982) was a Chicago-based filmmaker, and an original co-founder of The Second City theater troupe. In the 1960s he began to work in film with the Chicago Film Group, filming and directing documentaries, completing American Revolution 2 (1969) and The Murder of Fred Hampton (1971). He also collaborated for years with singer/songwriter Bob Dylan, producing films with him through 1978.
Early life and education
Born and raised in Chicago, Howard Alk attended local public schools. An advanced student, he enrolled in the University of Chicago (U of C) at the age of 14. He was a member of the student-run Compass Players cabaret troupe, with Elaine May and Mike Nichols]].
After the troupe disbanded, Alk joined fellow Compass players and U of C graduates Paul Sills and Bernie Sahlins as a co-founder of The Second City. They developed this theater troupe, based on improvisation, from Viola Spolin's theatre games. Alk had previously worked with Spolin's son, Sills, at the Gate of Horn.
According to Sahlins' 2001 autobiography, Days and Nights at the Second City, Alk coined the troupe's name. He is also credited with coining a definition of a Freudian slip as "meaning to say one thing and saying a mother."
Alk left The Second City in the early 1960s for other projects. He became associated with The Film Group, a Chicago film production company, where he shot and edited several of the group's films, including American Revolution 2 (1969) and The Murder of Fred Hampton (1971), both of which he directed.
Alk was a longtime friend and collaborator of singer/songwriter Bob Dylan. In 1961 Dylan had performed as the first act at Alk's club, the Bear. Alk accompanied Dylan "on tour, shooting footage, editing, taking photographs—and assisting on the classic Dont Look Back, as well as Eat the Document, Hard Rain, and Renaldo and Clara", all made and released through 1978.
Alk regularly used heroin. On January 1 or 3, 1982,[nb 1] he was found dead at Rundown Studios, Dylan's studio in Santa Monica, California. Although the coroner ruled his death an accidental heroin overdose, other sources report his death as a suicide. Alk's first wife, Jones, and his second wife Joan, both expressed their belief that he had intentionally killed himself. But no evidence either way has ever been found.
Alk was survived by his parents Rozetta and Lou, his wife Joan, and their young son Jesse Alk.
- The Cry of Jazz (1959) -- editor
- And This is Free (1964) -- editor
- Dont Look Back (1967) -- assistant director
- You Are What You Eat (1968) -- editor
- American Revolution 2 (1969) -- director
- The Murder of Fred Hampton (1971) -- director
- Eat the Document (1972) -- cinematographer, editor
- Janis (1974) -- director
- Hard Rain (1976) -- cinematographer, editor
- Renaldo and Clara (1978) -- cinematographer, editor
- Heylin states that Alk was found dead on New Year's Day 1982, but Sounes notes that he was found on January 3, 1982.
- Mike Thomas (December 10, 2009). "Excerpt: 'The Second City Unscripted'". NPR.
- "Smart comedy built Second City success", by Susie Allen, University of Chicago, December 7, 2009. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
- Don B. Wilmeth (September 13, 2007). The Cambridge Guide to American Theatre. Cambridge University Press. p. 586. ISBN 978-0-521-83538-1.
- Jeanne Leep (May 15, 2008). Theatrical Improvisation: Short Form, Long Form, and Sketch-Based Improv. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-230-60467-4. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- Patrick Friel (January 5, 2008). "Second City cinéaste". TimeOut Chicago.
- An Ideal Theater: Founding Visions for a New American Art, by Todd London, Theatre Communications Group, 2013, page 320. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- Barney Hoskyns (2006). Across the Great Divide: The Band and America. HAL LEONARD Publishing Company. p. 435. ISBN 978-1-4234-1442-1. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- Clinton Heylin (April 29, 2003). Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades Revisited. HarperCollins. p. 527. ISBN 978-0-06-052569-9. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- Howard Sounes (April 2002). Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan. GROVE/ATLANTIC Incorporated. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-8021-3891-0. Retrieved July 22, 2013.