Howard Alk

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Howard Alk (1930 – January 1982) was a Chicago-based filmmaker, and an original co-founder of The Second City.


Howard Alk enrolled in the University of Chicago at the age of 14.[1] He was a member of the student-run Compass Players cabaret troupe, with Elaine May and Mike Nichols]]. After the troupe disbanded, he then joined fellow Compass players and U of C graduates Paul Sills and Bernie Sahlins as a co-founder of The Second City,[2][1][3][4] which was developed from Viola Spolin's theatre games. Alk had previously worked with Spolin's son, Sills, at the Gate of Horn.[1]

According to Sahlins' 2001 autobiography, Days and Nights at the Second City, Alk coined the troupe's name;[5] he is also credited with coining a definition of a Freudian slip as "meaning to say one thing and saying a mother."[6]

He left The Second City in the early 1960s for other projects,[1] and became associated with The Film Group, a Chicago film production company, where he shot and edited several of the group's films, including American Revolution 2, in 1969, and The Murder of Fred Hampton, in 1971.[7]

Alk was a longtime friend and collaborator of Bob Dylan, who had performed as the first act at his club, the Bear, in 1961. Alk accompanied Dylan "on tour, shooting footage, editing, taking photographs—and assisting on the classic Dont Look Back as well as Eat the Document, Hard Rain, and Renaldo and Clara".[5]

Alk also worked on Janis, Festival, Luxman Baul's Movie and other films.[7]


Alk was a heroin user;[8] in January 1982,[nb 1] Alk was found dead at Rundown Studios, Dylan's studio in Santa Monica, California.[9][10] Although the coroner ruled his death an accidental heroin overdose,[10] various sources report his death to be a suicide.[5][8][9] Alk's first wife, Jones, and his second wife Joan, both believed he intentionally killed himself. But no evidence either way has ever been found.[10]

He was survived by his parents Rozetta and Lou, his wife Joan and their young son Jesse.



  1. ^ Heylin states that Alk was found dead on New Year's Day 1982, but Sounes notes that he was found on January 3, 1982.


  1. ^ a b c d Mike Thomas (December 10, 2009). "Excerpt: 'The Second City Unscripted'". NPR.
  2. ^ "Smart comedy built Second City success", by Susie Allen, University of Chicago, December 7, 2009. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  3. ^ Don B. Wilmeth (September 13, 2007). The Cambridge Guide to American Theatre. Cambridge University Press. p. 586. ISBN 978-0-521-83538-1.
  4. ^ Jeanne Leep (May 15, 2008). Theatrical Improvisation: Short Form, Long Form, and Sketch-Based Improv. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-230-60467-4. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Patrick Friel (January 5, 2008). "Second City cinéaste". TimeOut Chicago.
  6. ^ An Ideal Theater: Founding Visions for a New American Art, by Todd London, Theatre Communications Group, 2013, page 320. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Howard Alk at IMDB". Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  8. ^ a b Barney Hoskyns (2006). Across the Great Divide: The Band and America. HAL LEONARD Publishing Company. p. 435. ISBN 978-1-4234-1442-1. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Clinton Heylin (April 29, 2003). Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades Revisited. HarperCollins. p. 527. ISBN 978-0-06-052569-9. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Howard Sounes (April 2002). Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan. GROVE/ATLANTIC Incorporated. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-8021-3891-0. Retrieved July 22, 2013.

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