Howard Beale (politician)

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The Honourable
Sir Howard Beale
KBE
Howard Beale.jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Parramatta
In office
28 September 1946 – 10 February 1958
Preceded by Frederick Stewart
Succeeded by Garfield Barwick
Personal details
Born (1898-12-10)10 December 1898
Tamworth, New South Wales
Died 17 October 1983(1983-10-17) (aged 84)
Sydney
Nationality Australian
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Spouse(s) Margery Ellen Wood
Children Julian Beale
Occupation Barrister

Sir Oliver Howard Beale KBE (10 December 1898 – 17 October 1983) was an Australian politician and Ambassador to the United States. His son was Liberal Party of Australia politician Julian Beale. His elder granddaughter, Debbie Beale, married Labor party politician Bill Shorten.

Beale was born in Tamworth, New South Wales and educated at Sydney Boys High School and at the University of Sydney. He became a barrister in 1925 and established his own practice. In 1927 he married Margery Ellen Wood. In 1942 served as a sub-lieutenant on anti-submarine duties with the Royal Australian Naval Reserve.[1]

Beale was elected as the Liberal Party of Australia member for Parramatta in 1946 and became a member of the House Standing Committee on Public Works in 1947. With the election of the Robert Menzies government he became Minister for Information and Minister for Transport in the Menzies Ministry until 17 March 1950, when he became Minister for Supply, a position he retained until his retirement from parliament in February 1958. He was immediately appointed Ambassador to the United States and held that position until 1964.[1]

Following his retirement, Beale was Regents' Visiting Professor in the University of California in 1966 and Regents' Visiting Professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1967 and 1969. He was president of the Arts Council of Australia from 1965 until 1968. He was survived by his wife and his son, Julian.[1]

Honours[edit]

Beale was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire on June 10, 1961.[1][2]

British nuclear tests in Australia[edit]

As Minister of Supply, Beale assisted in the facilitation of British nuclear weapons testing in Australia[3] which took place at the Montebello Islands, Emu Field and Maralinga.

Of the proposed Maralinga testing program, he told the media in 1955 that "Every precaution will be taken to ensure there is no danger to human beings or stock."[4] This statement later proved to be untrue, with aboriginal people and military servicemen becoming contaminated and fallout from tests being detected as far afield as Adelaide.[5] Fallout from testing at the Montebello Islands in Australia's northwest was detected in Queensland, in Australia's northeast.[6]

A Royal Commission into British nuclear tests in Australia took place following Beale's death in 1984-1985.

Nuclear power[edit]

Beale said of nuclear power in 1956 that his Government believed that "completely effective precautions have already been developed to avoid hazards to the population from the use of nuclear power reactors." He endorsed the study of radiation's effect following the Maralinga nuclear weapons tests. Anticipating an expansion in nuclear power generation and other uses of atomic energy he stated that he believed that it was "necessary that we should expand our knowledge of the problems of radiation as fully and as quickly as possible."[7]

Writings[edit]

  • Beale, Howard (1977). This inch of time : memoirs of politics and diplomacy. Carlton, Vic: Melbourne University Press. p. 233. ISBN 0-522-84127-9. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hawke, Bob (18 October 1983). "Death of Honourable Sir Howard Beale, KBE, QC". Hansard. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 30 September 2007. 
  2. ^ "Beale, Oliver Howard". It's an honour. Australian Government. 1961-06-10. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  3. ^ "New British H-Bomb Test Seen Coming Soon". The Evening Review. East Liverpool, Ohio. 1954-11-26. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  4. ^ "Canberra, Australia". Delaware County Daily Times. Chester, Pennsylvania. 1955-02-25. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  5. ^ "'Blue rain' reported falling in Australia". Waco Tribune Herald, Texas. 1956-10-28. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  6. ^ "Radioactive rain falls in Australia". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 1956-06-22. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  7. ^ Downey, Terrance (1956-10-31). "Civil defense experts study radiation at British A-Tests". The Corpus Christi Caller-Times. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Eddie Ward
Minister for Transport
1949–1950
Succeeded by
George McLeay
Preceded by
Richard Casey
Minister for Supply
1950–1958
Succeeded by
Athol Townley
Preceded by
Eric Harrison
Minister for Defence Production
1956–1958
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Frederick Stewart
Member for Parramatta
1946–1958
Succeeded by
Garfield Barwick
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Percy Spender
Australian Ambassador to the United States
1958–1964
Succeeded by
Sir Keith Waller