Howard Chandler Christy
Howard Chandler Christy
|Died||March 3, 1952 (aged 80)|
New York, New York, U.S.
|Occupation||artist and illustrator|
|Gee I wish I were a Man I'd Join the Navy, Portrait of Dorothy Barton Thomas, Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, The Christy Girl|
Howard Chandler Christy (January 10, 1872 – March 3, 1952) was an American artist and illustrator. Famous for the "Christy Girl" – a colorful and illustrious successor to the "Gibson Girl" – Christy is also widely known for his iconic WWI military recruitment and Liberty loan posters, along with his 1940 masterpiece titled, Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, which is installed along the east stairwell of the United States Capitol.
From the 1920s until the early 1950s, Christy was active as a portrait painter whose sitters included presidents, senators, industrialists, movies stars, and socialites. He painted Lt. Col. Theodore Roosevelt, and Presidents Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Harry Truman. Other famous people he painted include William Randolph Hearst, the Prince of Wales (Edward VIII), Eddie Rickenbacker, Benito Mussolini, Prince Umberto, and Amelia Earhart. By 1938, Time magazine proclaimed Christy "the most commercially successful U.S. artist."
Education and influences
Christy was born in Morgan County and attended early school in Duncan Falls, Ohio. He then studied in New York at the Art Students League from 1890 to 1891 and then at the National Academy under William Merritt Chase, first at Chase's summer retreat at Shinnecock, Long Island, and then at his 10th Street Studio.
Christy first attracted attention with his realistic illustrations and several articles as a combat artist during the Spanish–American War that included the Battle of Las Guasimas, the Battle of El Caney and the Battle of San Juan Hill, published in Scribner's, Harper's, and Leslie's Weekly magazines, and in Collier's Weekly. Christy gained especial prominence with the series, Men of the Army and Navy, and a portrait of Colonel Roosevelt that appeared on the cover of his Rough Riders series published in Scribner's. These illustrations propelled Christy to national prominence. From this, he decided to turn away from war and painting men in uniform. Instead, he yearned for beauty and created the "Christy Girl", redefining the portrayal of women in America through his illustrations and portraits. He captured the modern American woman – tall, confident, elegant, witty and athletic.
He illustrated books during this period as well.
Having made his reputation for his work as a combat artist and in support of America's World War I effort, Christy soon was illustrating for numerous magazine covers. He became famous for the "Christy Girl", a picturesque and romantic type of society women uniquely his own. His work, whether in watercolor, oils, or pen-and-ink, is characterized by great facility, a dashing but not exaggerated style and a strong sense of values. Together with fellow artists Harrison Fisher and Neysa McMein he constituted the Motion Picture Classic magazine's "Fame and Fortune" contest jury of 1921–22, that discovered the It girl, Clara Bow.
In 1924 Christy painted the official portrait of First Lady Grace Coolidge featuring her white collie Rob Roy, that was hung in the Red Room of the White House and has been displayed in the China Room since the Kennedy administration.
During the Great Depression, Christy found new success as a muralist and painter of historical events. In 1934 he painted a series of female nudes to decorate the New York City restaurant Café des Artistes. Some of Christy's works, newly cleaned, are on display at The Leopard at des Artistes restaurant, the successor to the Café des Artistes. They include six panels of wood nymphs and paintings such as The Parrot Girl, The Swing Girl, Ponce De Leon, Fall, Spring and the Fountain of Youth.
In 1940, he painted the Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, which was installed in the House of Representatives wing in the United States Capitol.
Christy's Portrait of Dorothy Barton Thomas is in the Zanesville Museum of Art in Zanesville, Ohio, along with other Christy posters, prints and paintings in their collection. Another of Christy's paintings was displayed at the Gettysburg Museum and Visitor Center. The National Museum of American Illustration in Newport, RI, has a large collection of works by Christy.
Christy was married twice, both times to women who had modeled for him as one of his "Christy Girls". The first was Maebelle Gertrude Thompson, whom he married on October 15, 1898, shortly after his return from the Spanish–American War. They had a daughter named Natalie Chandler Christy. They finally divorced in May 1919, after over ten years of periodic separation and bitter divorce and custody battles.
In the early 1930s, he met Elise Ford who became his model for the murals on Café des Artistes wall. Elise Ford was also Christy's model for the 1941 I Am An American poster personifying America "rushing forward to give the touch of the contagion of liberty and democracy to the rest of the world" in the words of then New York Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia. Forty years his junior, she became Christy's companion until his death at age 80. They had a daughter named Holly (Holly Christina Longuski née Holly Ford) born in 1939 while he was painting Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States.
Attorney and author James Philip Head wrote a novelistic biography of Christy, The Magic of Youth, published in 2016. It is the first book in a projected trilogy titled An Affair with Beauty - The Mystique of Howard Chandler Christy. Romantic Illusions, the second installment in the trilogy, was released in March 2019.
- Christy, Howard Chandler. The American Girl. New York: Moffat, Yard and Co, 1906. OCLC 732893
- Christy, Howard Chandler, and E. Stetson Crawford. The Christy Girl. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Co, 1906. OCLC 543943
- "Ohio Born Artist Christy Glorified American Girl". Toledo Blade. Toledo, OH. March 4, 1952. p. 8. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- Birth record: "Howard C. Cristy." (Birth number 1131 of Volume 1, Page 76, of the Birth Records of the Court of Common Pleas of Morgan County, Ohio). The clerk's misspelling of Howard's last name was never corrected. Death record: City of New York Department of Health, Death Certificate for Howard Chandler Christy, No. 156-52-1051.77, filed on March 5, 1952.
- "Congress Critics". Time. June 20, 1938.
- Motion Picture Classics, January, 1922.
- "China Room, White House". John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
View of the China Room of the White House, Washington, D.C. A portrait of Grace Goodhue Coolidge, painted by Howard Chandler Christy, hangs on the wall.
- "Howard Chandler Christy 1873–1952", National Museum of American Illustration. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "Howard Chandler Christy, Famous Illustrator, Arrives in Nashville for Work and Recreation," Nashville Evening Banner, June 13, 1936 ("one of America's most illustrious painters and illustrators").
- Sifton, Sam (August 2, 2011). "The Leopard at des Artistes". The New York Times. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Welcome to 1 West 67th Street" (PDF). The Leopard at des Artistes. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 26, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "Is Marriage a Success?". The Washington Times. Washington, D.C. September 6, 1920. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- "Christy Case has Attention Today". The Evening Statesman. Walla Walla, WA. December 17, 1909. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- "City Gets Poster for Liberty Rally". New York Times. May 4, 1941. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
- Heller, Steven (June 13, 2014). "My Dad, the Famous Painter?". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
- Howard Chandler Christy papers, 1873–2001. Lafayette College Special Collections & College Archives, http://sites.lafayette.edu/christypapers/scope-content/
- "Follies Beauty Loves Art, Turns Down Chandler", Bridgeport Telegram, April 10, 1925, p. 2
- "'The Mystique of Howard Chandler Christy'". Zanesville Times Recorder. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
- "Interview with Author James Philip Head by Brenda Larrick WHIZ Radio AM 1240, Zanesville, Ohio". June 17, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- Brunner, Jeryl. "The New Biography, 'An Affair With Beauty', Sheds Light On The Most Famous Painter Of The Jazz Age" Forbes.com, September 30, 2016".
- Hoonstra, J.P. (April 5, 2017). "Howard Chandler Christy Painted Beauty -- And Ugly Cuban War". New York Daily News.
- PRNewswire (August 8, 2018). ""Foremost American Portrait Painter Everett Raymond Kinstler Will Write Foreword on Forthcoming New Book on the Life of Howard Chandler Christy"". The Business Journals.
- PRWeb (March 6, 2019). "Legendary American Artist Howard Chandler Christy Portrayed in New Book By Author James Philip Head".
- Cuda, Amanda (June 22, 2019). "Celebrated Easton portraitist Everett Raymond Kinstler remembered by writer over the friendship bond they shared".
- Copley, Helen F. The Christy Quest. Tucson, Ariz: Patrice Press, 1999. ISBN 1880397307 OCLC 41497133
- Head, James Philip, An Affair with Beauty—The Mystique of Howard Chandler Christy: The Magic of Youth. Minneapolis, MN: North Loop Books, 2016. ISBN 9781634138826 OCLC 962284740
- Head, James Philip, An Affair with Beauty—The Mystique of Howard Chandler Christy: Romantic Illusions. Minneapolis, MN: North Loop Books, 2019. ISBN 9781545635278 OCLC 1051136699
- Schneider, Norris Franz. Howard Chandler Christy. Zanesville, Ohio: Schneider, 1975. OCLC 1717378
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Howard Chandler Christy.|
- Works by Howard Chandler Christy at Project Gutenberg (as illustrator)
- Works by Howard Chandler Christy at Faded Page (Canada)
- Works by or about Howard Chandler Christy at Internet Archive
- Howard Chandler Christy posters at University of North Texas Libraries Digital Collections
- Howard Chandler Christy at American Art Archives – with gallery
- Howard Chandler Christy collection at the National Museum of American Illustration
- The Leopard at des Artistes – successor to the original Hotel Des Artistes (closed 2012)
- An Affair with Beauty: The Mystique of Howard Chandler Christy, ©2016 James Philip Head
- Howard Chandler Christy at Library of Congress Authorities, with 81 catalog records