Howard Graham (Canadian Army officer)
|Born||15 July 1898|
Buffalo, New York
|Died||28 September 1986 (aged 88)|
|Years of service||1916–58|
|Commands held||The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment|
1st Infantry Brigade
Chief of the General Staff
|Battles/wars||World War I|
World War II
|Awards||Order of Canada|
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Canadian Efficiency Decoration
Canadian Forces Decoration
Lieutenant General Howard Douglas Graham OC, CVO, CBE, DSO, ED, CD, QC (15 July 1898 – 28 September 1986) was a Canadian Army Officer and former Chief of the General Staff.
Born in Buffalo, New York, he was raised on a farm in Trenton, Ontario. He was called to the Ontario bar in 1922 and practised law for 17 years in Trenton. During World War I, he enlisted with the Canadian Militia at age 17 and served with the Canadian Infantry in France, Germany and Belgium. Between the wars, Graham continued in the militia as an officer with The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment.
World War II and beyond
With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Graham went overseas with The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment as the regimental second-in-command. Later serving as the regimental commanding officer from 1940-1941 and later promoted to Brigadier in command of the 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade, he served in Britain, France, Sicily and Italy. From 1946 to 1948 he was the Senior Canadian Army Liaison Officer and Army Advisor to the Canadian High Commissioner in London. From 1948 to 1950 he was Vice Chief of General Staff of the Canadian Army. From 1951 to 1955 he was the General Officer Commanding Central Command in Canada. From 1955 to 1958 he was the Chief of the General Staff of the Canadian Army. After retiring in 1958, he was Canadian Secretary to the Queen for the Royal Tour of Canada in 1959 and 1967. From 1961 to 1966, he was president of the Toronto Stock Exchange.
In 1987, his autobiography, Citizen and Soldier: The Memoirs of Lieutenant-General Howard Graham, was published.
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire
- Distinguished Service Order (twice)
- Officer of the Legion of Honour
- Croix de Guerre
- Officer of the Legion of Merit of the United States
- In 1967, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.
- ^ a b c "Howard Graham | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 2022-10-23.
- ^ Buckner, Phillip (2005), "The Last Great Royal Tour: Queen Elizabeth's 1959 Tour to Canada", in Buckner, Phillip (ed.), Canada and the End of Empire, Vancouver: UBC Press, p. 76, ISBN 0-7748-0915-9, retrieved 24 October 2009
- ^ "Lt.-Gen. Howard D. Graham Distinguished soldier also business leader, stock exchange head". The Globe and Mail. September 29, 1986.
- ^ Citizen and soldier: The memoirs of Lieutenant-General Howard Graham by Howard Graham McClelland and Stewart, 1987, ISBN 978-0-7710-3390-2
- Order of Canada Citation
- Hillmer, Norman; Johnston, William (16 December 2013). "Howard Graham". The Canadian Encyclopedia (online ed.). Historica Canada.
- Generals of World War II
- 1898 births
- 1986 deaths
- Canadian generals
- Lawyers in Ontario
- Canadian military personnel of World War I
- Canadian Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
- Canadian Companions of the Distinguished Service Order
- Officers of the Order of Canada
- Officers of the Legion of Merit
- Officers of the Legion of Honour
- Recipients of the Croix de Guerre (France)
- Canadian Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
- Canadian King's Counsel
- Canadian Army personnel of World War II
- Commanders of the Canadian Army
- Military personnel from New York City
- Canadian Militia officers
- Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment officers