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Rochester, New York, 1976
|Birth name||Howard McGhee|
|Also known as||Maggie|
March 6, 1918|
Tulsa, Oklahoma United States
|Died||July 17, 1987
New York City, New York United States
|Associated acts||Lionel Hampton, Andy Kirk, Count Basie|
Howard McGhee (March 6, 1918 – July 17, 1987) was one of the first bebop jazz trumpeters, together with Dizzy Gillespie, Fats Navarro and Idrees Sulieman. He was known for his fast fingers and very high notes. What is generally not known is the influence that he had on younger hard bop trumpeters, together with Fats Navarro.
Howard McGhee was raised in Detroit, Michigan. During his career, he played in bands led by Lionel Hampton, Andy Kirk, Count Basie and Charlie Barnet. He was in a club listening to the radio when he first heard Parker and was one of the early adopters of the new style, a fact that was disapproved by older musicians like Kid Ory.
In 1946–47, some record sessions for the new label Dial were organized at Hollywood with Charlie Parker and the Howard McGhee combo. The first was held on July 29, 1946. The musicians were Charlie Parker (as), Howard McGhee (tp), Jimmy Bunn (p), Bob Kesterson (b), and Roy Porter (d).[clarification needed] The titles played were "Max is Making Wax", "Lover Man", "The Gypsy" and "Be-bop".
McGhee continued to work as a sideman for Parker. He played on titles like "Relaxin at Camarillo", "Cheers", "Carvin the Bird" and "Stupendous". His stay in California was cut short because of racial prejudice, particularly vicious towards McGhee as half of a mixed-race couple.
Drug problems sidelined McGhee for much of the 1950s, but he resurfaced in the 1960s, appearing in many George Wein productions. His career sputtered again in the mid-1960s and he did not record again until 1976. He led one of three big jazz bands trying to succeed in New York in the late 1960s. While the band did not survive, a recording was released in the mid-1970s.
He taught music through the 1970s, both in classrooms and at his apartment in midtown Manhattan and instructed musicians like Charlie Rouse in music theory. He was as much an accomplished composer-arranger as he was a performer.
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- 1946-7: Trumpet at Tempo (Dial) released 1996
- 1948: Howard McGhee and Milt Jackson (Savoy) released 1955 with Milt Jackson
- 1955: The Return of Howard McGhee (Bethlehem)
- 1956: Life Is Just a Bowl of Cherries (Bethlehem)
- 1960: Dusty Blue (Bethlehem)
- 1961: Together Again!!!! (Contemporary) – with Teddy Edwards
- 1961: Maggie's Back in Town!! (Contemporary)
- 1961: The Sharp Edge (Fontana)
- 1963: Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out (United Artists)
- 1963: House Warmin'! (Argo)
- 1976: Here Comes Freddie (Sonet) – with Illinois Jacquet
- 1976: Just Be There (Steeplechase) with Horace Parlan, Kenny Clarke
- 1977: Jazzbrothers (Storyville)
- 1978: Home Run (Storyville)
- 1979: Wise in Time (Storyville)
With Dexter Gordon
- Bopland: The Legendary Elks Club Concert, L.A. 1947 (Savoy Jazz, 2004)
- With Johnny Hartman
With James Moody
- Cookin' the Blues (Argo, 1961)
With Don Patterson
- Boppin' & Burnin' (Prestige, 1968)
With Joe Williams
- At Newport '63 (RCA Victor, 1963)
- Scott DeVeaux and Barry Kernfeld. "McGhee, Howard". In Macy, Laura. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. (subscription required)
- Barron, Stephanie (2000). Reading California : art, image, and identity, 1900-2000. Los Angeles Berkeley: Los Angeles County Museum of Art University of California Press. ISBN 0520227670.
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