Howe Bridge village
|Howe Bridge shown within Greater Manchester|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||170 mi (274 km) SE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Howe Bridge is a suburb of Atherton, Greater Manchester, England. Historically within Lancashire, it is situated to the south west of Atherton town centre on the B5215, the old turnpike road from Bolton to Leigh. The settlement was built as a model pit village by the owners of Atherton Collieries.
John Fletcher of Bolton, a member of a family with mining interests, came to Atherton in 1768 to sink two shafts. Ralph Fletcher was part-owner in the Ladyshore Colliery. The pits developed and Fletcher, Burrows and Company's Atherton Collieries was formed in 1870, owning all the coalmines in the town. Howe Bridge Colliery employed 460 men in 1954. In 1908 the Howe Bridge Mines Rescue Station opened on Lovers Lane. It was the first mines rescue station in Lancashire.
South Lancashire Tramways built a tram shed, power station and offices in 1901 on the north side of Leigh Road. It was taken over by Lancashire United Transport who built a bus depot on the south side Leigh Road on the site of the closed Howe Bridge Colliery pithead.
A school and mission opened at Howe Bridge in the Atherton parish in 1869. St Michael and All Angels Church was built in 1877 as a result of the late Victorian urbanisation which occurred when the small settlement on the road from Atherton to Leigh became a pit village when deep mining began at Howe Bridge Colliery. The church was designed by Paley and Austin of Lancaster, and the £7,000 cost was given by John Fletcher.
Between 1873 and 1875, Fletcher, Burrows and Company, owners of the local collieries, built a model village on Leigh Road, comprising terraced cottages, shops, Atherton Collieries Village Club and a bath house for their employees. This Victorian village on either side of Leigh Road, together with St Michael and All Angel's Church, is a conservation area.
- Lunn 1971, p. 186
- Ashmore 1982, p. 96
- The First Rescue Stations In The Country, Healey Hero, retrieved 19 February 2011
- Lunn 1971, p. 189
- Historic England, "94-118 Leigh Road (1253226)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 August 2015
- Historic England, "147-191Leigh Road (1068474)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 August 2015
- Howe Bridge Conservation Area (PDF), Wigan MBC, retrieved 13 August 2015
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