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|Location||St. Lawrence River|
|Coordinates||44°16′13″N 76°17′1″W / 44.27028°N 76.28361°WCoordinates: 44°16′13″N 76°17′1″W / 44.27028°N 76.28361°W|
|Area||31 km2 (12 sq mi)|
Howe Island is an island located in Lake Ontario east of Kingston in Frontenac County, Ontario, Canada. It is part of the Thousand Islands chain. Together with Wolfe Island and Simcoe Island, Howe Island is part of the township of Frontenac Islands, created through municipal amalgamation in 1998.
Howe Island measures 13 km (8 mi) long and 5 km (3 mi) wide and has an area of 31 km² (12 mi²). It is the 2nd largest of the “Thousand Islands”. The main channel of the St. Lawrence River passes to the south of the island and merges with Lake Ontario, while the Bateau Channel passes on the north between the Canadian mainland and the island.
Howe Island was originally named Ka-ou-enesegoan by local Iroquois and later Isle Cauchois after its first French owner Jacques Cauchois who took possession in 1685. In a proclamation by the Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada John Graves Simcoe on 16 July 1792, the island was renamed from Isle Cauchois to Howe island; it was named for William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, a British officer who served under General James Wolfe at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham during the Seven Years' War, and first appeared on a map in 1818 following a survey by Captain (later Vice Admiral) William Fitzwilliam Owen of the Royal Navy. There is some evidence (received by oral tradition) that it was at one time also called St. John's. There is no evidence of any permanent habitation until 1810 by a man named William Casey. In the following four decades successive waves of settlers brought many of the island's long standing families who still live or own land there.
Howe Island has a shared community of farming, as well as "cottagers". The Island also has a small Roman Catholic Church: St. Philomena's.
The population of Howe Island in 2011 was 602, although this figure expands in the summer months when recreational properties are occupied.
Two ferry services connect the island to the mainland: a County-operated ferry on the west from the community of Pitts Ferry, part of Kingston; and the Township-operated "Foot Ferry" on the east from Gananoque.
- ^ Thomson, Hugh C.; Macfarlane, James (1831). The Statutes of th Province of Upper Canada Together with such British Statutes, Ordinances of Quebec, and Proclamations as Related to the Said Province. Kingston, U.C.: Francis M. Hill. pp. 24–25.
an island at present known by the name of isle Cauchois, to be called Howe island
- ^ "Home Page". Township of Frontenac Islands. 2006. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-12-29.
- ^ "2011 Census - Census Tract 5210109.00". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
- "Toporama - Topographic Map Sheets 31C1, 31C8". Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. Archived from the original on 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2009-12-29.