Howell Township, New Jersey
|Township of Howell|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||February 23, 1801|
|Named for||Richard Howell|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (council–manager)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Theresa Berger (D, term ends December 31, 2024)|
|• Manager||Brian Geoghegan|
|• Municipal clerk||Allison Ciranni|
|• Total||61.21 sq mi (158.54 km2)|
|• Land||60.27 sq mi (156.10 km2)|
|• Water||0.94 sq mi (2.44 km2) 1.54%|
|• Rank||21st of 565 in state|
1st of 53 in county
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
|• Rank||32nd of 566 in state|
2nd of 53 in county
|• Density||870/sq mi (340/km2)|
|• Rank||402nd of 566 in state|
48th of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||732 and 848|
|GNIS feature ID||0882113|
Howell Township is a township in Monmouth County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The township is the largest municipality in the county by total area, comprised of about 61.21 square miles (158.5 km2). It is located in the New York metropolitan area and has been a steadily growing bedroom community of New York City. As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 53,537, an increase of 2,462 (+4.8%) from the 2010 census count of 51,075, which in turn reflected an increase of 2,172 (+4.4%) from the 48,903 counted in the 2000 census.
Howell Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1801, from portions of Shrewsbury Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Brick Township in the newly created Ocean County (February 15, 1850), Wall Township (March 7, 1851) and Farmingdale (April 8, 1903). The township was named for Richard Howell, who served from 1794 to 1801 as the third Governor of New Jersey.
Founded in 1822 by engineer and philanthropist James P. Allaire, the Howell Works provided iron for Allaire Iron Works, which was a leading supplier of iron in the 19th century. Allaire Village was a bustling mill town at the height of the mining operations and it has been preserved as Allaire State Park, which is in Howell Township and Wall Township.
In June 2017, two separate tornadoes, both rated EF0 on the Enhanced Fujita scale, struck minutes and miles apart. The first one struck the Fort Plains area, damaging a Home Depot, Chase Bank, a strip mall, and a local ice cream parlor. The second one struck a park in the Oak Glen area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 61.21 square miles (158.54 km2), including 60.27 square miles (156.10 km2) of land and 0.94 square miles (2.44 km2) of water (1.54%).
Howell was formed from territory taken from Shrewsbury Township under an act of the New Jersey General Assembly passed February 23, 1801. The township, as formed, included in addition to its present area all of what is now Wall Township, Lakewood Township, Brick Township, and all the boroughs along the Atlantic Ocean from Barnegat Inlet of the Shark River Inlet at Belmar.
Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Adelphia, Ardena, Ardmore Estates, Bergerville, Candlewood, Collingwood Park, Fairfield, Fort Plains, Freewood Acres, Jerseyville, Lake Club, Land of Pines, Larrabees, Lippencotts Corner, Lower Squankum, Matthews, Maxim, Oak Glen, Parkway Pines, Salem Hill, Shacks Corner, Southard, Squankum, West Farms, Winston Park, Wyckoff Mills and Yellow Brook.
The township completely surrounds Farmingdale, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another. The township borders Colts Neck Township, Freehold Township and Wall Township in Monmouth County; and Brick Township, Jackson Township and Lakewood Township in Ocean County.
According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Howell Township, New Jersey would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.
Major bodies of water
The township is uniquely located in the center of the state New Jersey, located on a ridge within Central New Jersey. As such, northern sections of the township fall within the hillier terrain and fertile soil found in the Inner coastal plain, while southern sections of the township fall within the more flat terrain and sandier soil found in the Outer coastal plain. The township is located within the sphere of influence of the Jersey Shore, while also being located relatively near the Raritan Bayshore, the Raritan Valley, and the Pine Barrens. Notable bodies of water inside the township include:
- Manasquan River (Raritan Basin Watershed)
- Metedeconk River (Barnegat Bay Watershed)
- North Branch Metedeconk River
- South Branch Metedeconk River
- Swimming River (Navesink River Watershed)
- Mine Brook
1810–1920 1840 1850–1870
1850 1870 1880–1890
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
Most common ancestries in Howell Township are Italian: 23.8%, Irish: 18.7%, German: 12.7%, Other groups: 11.3%, Polish: 7.7%, English: 4.9% and Russian: 3.0%.
The 2010 United States census counted 51,075 people, 17,260 households, and 13,618 families in the township. The population density was 843.4 per square mile (325.6/km2). There were 17,979 housing units at an average density of 296.9 per square mile (114.6/km2). The racial makeup was 88.30% (45,100) White, 3.65% (1,865) Black or African American, 0.15% (79) Native American, 4.52% (2,309) Asian, 0.05% (23) Pacific Islander, 1.61% (822) from other races, and 1.72% (877) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.13% (4,153) of the population.
Of the 17,260 households, 39.9% had children under the age of 18; 65.4% were married couples living together; 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present and 21.1% were non-families. Of all households, 17.3% were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.37.
26.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 96.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 93.5 males.
The Census Bureau showed that in 2010 median household income was $89,287 and the median family income was $102,015. Males had a median income of $71,499 versus $54,308 for females. The per capita income for the township was $35,489. About 4.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States census there were 48,903 people, 16,063 households, and 13,011 families residing in the township. The population density was 802.8 people per square mile (310.0/km2). There were 16,572 housing units at an average density of 272.1 per square mile (105.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.99% White, 3.56% African American, 0.12% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.34% of the population.
The most common first ancestry group cited by Howell residents in the 2000 Census was German (17.7%), English (12.7%), Irish (11.5%), United States or American (9.9%), Polish (6.6%), French (except Basque) (4.0%) and Italian (2.7%).
There were 16,063 households, out of which 47.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.42.
In the township the population was spread out, with 30.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.
The median income for a household in the township in 2000 was $68,069, and the median income for a family was $74,623. Males had a median income of $55,349 versus $34,722 for females. The per capita income for the township was $26,143. About 3.1% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
Despite suburbanization in recent years, the township's agricultural roots have been preserved. There are numerous crop farms, thoroughbred farms, and nurseries in the township. Some notable farms in the township include Calgo Gardens, Twin Pond Farm, Kauffman Farms, Landex Nursery, and JMJ Farm.
The township is home to numerous shopping centers, particularly on U.S. 9, including Aldrich Plaza, Adelphia Plaza, Greenleaf at Howell, Howell Commons, Lanes Mill Marketplace, and Regal Plaza.
Other shopping destinations near Howell, including the Freehold Raceway Mall in Freehold Township, Jackson Premium Outlets in Jackson Township and Jersey Shore Premium Outlets in Tinton Falls. Neighboring Farmingdale acts as a 'downtown' for the surrounding Howell Township. Nearby Asbury Park (on the shore) and Freehold Borough (the county seat) are also regional 'downtowns' for the township.
The Howell Chamber of Commerce, established in 1957, serves to promote Howell businesses. The Chamber of Commerce works to advocate for the diverse Howell business community, provides extensive benefits to its members, and creates a Community amongst the members.
Parks and recreation
Manasquan Reservoir offers nature and exercise related activities such as fishing, bird watching, jogging, biking, dog walking. The reservoir also has a nature exhibit where people can go see the local wildlife.
Alfred C. Sauer Park at Echo Lake offers a dock for fishing and kayaking, a nature trail and a pavilion overlooking the lake which can be rented. There is no swimming but there are grills and picnic tables as well as a playground. In 2014, the township renamed the park in memory of Alfred C. Sauer, an environmentalist who worked to preserve the park and other natural environments in the township.
Howell Township operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of municipal government. The township is one of 42 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form of government. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the four-member Township Council, whose members are chosen in partisan voting to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with elections held in even-numbered years as part of the November general election. Three council seats are up together and two years later there is one council seat and the mayoral seat up for election at the same time. At a reorganization meeting held after each election, the council selects a deputy mayor from among its members.
As of 2022[update], the Mayor of Howell Township is Democrat Theresa Berger, whose term of office ends December 31, 2024. Members of the Howell Township Council are Deputy Mayor Pamela J. Richmond (R, term on council and as deputy mayor ends 2022), John Bonevich (D, 2022), Evelyn Malsbury-O'Donnell (R, 2024) and Thomas Russo (R, 2022).
Former mayor Robert Walsh was named to fill the seat vacated by William Gotto after Gotto took office as mayor in January 2013. Walsh's appointed portion of the term ended at the November 2013 general election, though Walsh was the only candidate to submit a petition to serve the balance of the term through December 2014.
Federal, state and county representation
For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Manchester Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).
For the 2022–2023 session, the 30th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Ned Thomson (R, Wall Township).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2022[update], Monmouth County's Commissioners are Commissioner Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as commissioner and as director ends December 31, 2022), Commissioner Deputy Director Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, term as commissioner ends December 31, 2024; term as deputy commissioner director ends 2022), Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, 2023), Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2022), and Ross F. Licitra (R, Marlboro Township, 2023). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2025; Ocean Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2022; Howell Township) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2026; Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 33,176 registered voters in Howell Township, of which 6,622 (20.0%) were registered as Democrats, 7,744 (23.3%) were registered as Republicans and 18,798 (56.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties.
Howell typically leans Republican. In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 60.4% of the vote (15,808 cast), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 36.0% of the vote (9,430 votes), and other candidates with 3.5% (923 votes), among the 26,161 votes cast by the township's voters. In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 55.4% of the vote (12,529 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.2% (9,762 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (310 votes), among the 22,772 ballots cast by the township's 34,737 registered voters (171 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 65.6%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 54.8% of the vote (13,854 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.7% (10,790 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (300 votes), among the 25,278 ballots cast by the township's 34,490 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.0% of the vote (13,579 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.1% (8,990 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (219 votes), among the 23,015 ballots cast by the township's 31,549 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.0.
In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Republican Kim Guadagno received 60.5% of the vote (8,481 cast), ahead of Democrat Phil Murphy with 36.7% (5,137 votes), and other candidates with 2.8% (391 votes), among the 14,009 cast by the township's voters. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.4% of the vote (9,999 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 25.2% (3,426 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (189 votes), among the 13,788 ballots cast by the township's 34,992 registered voters (174 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 39.4%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 68.7% of the vote (11,187 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 24.7% (4,023 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.4% (886 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (127 votes), among the 16,287 ballots cast by the township's 33,461 registered voters, yielding a 48.7% turnout.
The Howell Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2020–21 school year, the district, comprised of 12 schools, had an enrollment of 5,409 students and 494.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.9:1. Schools in the district (with 2020–21 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are five K-2 elementary schools, five 3-5 elementary schools and two middle schools for grades 6-8: Adelphia Elementary School (345 students; in grades K-2), Aldrich Elementary School (378; 3-5), Ardena Elementary School (324; 3-5), Greenville Elementary School (318; K-2), Griebling Elementary School (255; K-2), Land O' Pines Elementary School (486; PreK-2), Memorial Elementary Elementary School (258; 3-5), Newbury Elementary School (372; 3-5), Ramtown Elementary School (325; 3-5), Taunton Elementary School (362; K-2), Howell Township Middle School North (1,116; 6-8) and Howell Township Middle School South (868; 6-8).
Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend either Howell High School, Freehold Township High School or Colts Neck High School (depending on home address), as part of the Freehold Regional High School District (FRHSD). The Freehold Regional High School District also serves students from Colts Neck Township, Englishtown, Farmingdale, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Manalapan Township and Marlboro. Students from Howell can apply to participate in one of the Freehold Regional Learning Center programs within these six schools. The FRHSD board of education has nine members, who are elected to three-year terms from each of the constituent districts. Each member is allocated a fraction of a vote that totals to nine points, with Howell allocated two members, who each have 1.0 votes. Students from Howell may also apply to attend one of the Monmouth County Vocational School District schools throughout Monmouth County.
Mother Seton Academy, a Catholic School for grades Pre-K–8, which operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton, is in the township. It formed in 2019 by the merger of St. Veronica and St. Aloysius schools; the former was in Howell and the latter was in Jackson Township.
Monmouth Academy (formerly Lakewood Prep School) was a private, nonsectarian, coeducational day school located in Howell Township, that served 180 students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.
The Asbury Park Press provides daily news coverage of the town. The government of Howell provides columns and commentary to The Howell Times, which is one of seven weekly papers from Micromedia Publications.
Points of interest
- St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox Church cathedral, originally established in 1936 and decorated with Byzantine-style frescos, that operates under the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
- The Mackenzie Museum and Library was the home of William Prickitt who led the 25th Regiment of the U.S. Colored Troops during the Civil War.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 292.75 miles (471.14 km) of roadways, of which 242.91 miles (390.93 km) were maintained by the municipality, 26.25 miles (42.25 km) by Monmouth County and 23.59 miles (37.96 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Major highways that traverse through Howell Township include Interstate 195, U.S. Route 9, Route 33, and Route 34. Major county routes that traverse through Howell Township include County Route 524 (Elton-Adelphia Road), County Route 547 (Lakewood-Farmingdale Road/Asbury Road), and County Route 549 (Herbertsville Road).
The Garden State Parkway passes through neighboring Wall Township and is accessible with Interstate 195 and Route 33 at interchanges 98 and 100. Further out west, the New Jersey Turnpike is accessible with Interstate 195 and Route 33 at interchanges 7A and 8.
NJ Transit provides bus transportation to communities along U.S. Route 9 from Lakewood to Old Bridge, and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City via the 131, 135 and 139 bus routes, to Newark Liberty International Airport and the rest of Newark on the 67 route, to Jersey City on the 64 and 67 routes, and with local service on the 836 route. Bus service is available from Route 9 to the Financial District in Lower Manhattan via the Academy Bus Line. There are two commuter parking lots available exclusively for residents of Howell Township, at the Aldrich Park & Ride in the Land of Pines neighborhood, and the Howell Park & Ride in the Adelphia neighborhood.
The Monmouth Ocean Middlesex Line a proposed NJ Transit project which would connect Monmouth, Ocean and Middlesex counties to the rest of the system's rail network. The township would be a potential stop for the 'MOM' Line. As of now, Howell offers taxi services to and from the Belmar train station, the closest train station to the township. Other nearby train stations include Aberdeen-Matawan, Asbury Park, Hamilton, and Long Branch.
Monmouth Executive Airport in Farmingdale supplies short-distance flights to surrounding areas and is the closest air transportation service. The nearest major commercial airports are Trenton-Mercer Airport, which serves several domestic destinations via Frontier Airlines and located 28 miles (45 km) west (about 36 minutes drive); and Newark Liberty International Airport, which serves as a major hub for United Airlines and located 40 miles (64 km) north (about 56 minutes drive) from the center of Howell Township.
Most of Howell Township is served by the CentraState Healthcare System, which is affiliated with Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. The main hospital campus is located in neighboring Freehold Township. The facility has 287 beds and is the county's fourth-largest employer. The next closest major hospitals to the township are Monmouth Medical Center's Southern Campus in nearby Lakewood, Jersey Shore University Medical Center in nearby Neptune, and the Hamilton division of Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Howell Township include:
- Jay Alders (born 1973), artist, photographer and graphic designer, who is best known for his original surf art paintings
- Bonnie Bernstein (born 1970), sportscaster for ESPN/ABC Sports
- Jimmy Blewett (born 1980), professional driver in the NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour; brother of John Blewett III
- John Blewett III (1973–2007), driver who competed in the NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour; brother of Jimmy Blewett
- Cody Calafiore (born 1990), actor and model who was the runner-up on Big Brother 16 in 2014
- Sopan Deb (born 1988), journalist who works as a culture reporter for The New York Times
- Anthony DeSclafani (born 1990), MLB pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds
- Charles Asa Francis (1855–1934), politician who served in both the New Jersey General Assembly and New Jersey Senate
- Doug French (born 1959), competed in NASCAR and the ARCA Menards Series from 1985 to 2001
- Sandje Ivanchukov (1960–2007), professional soccer player who was drafted out of high school by the Tampa Bay Rowdies
- Rob Kinelski (born 1981), four-time Grammy award-winning sound engineer, most noted for his work with Billie Eilish & former bass player & founding member of indie rock band Union Spirit
- Nick LaBrocca (born 1984), midfielder for Colorado Rapids
- Austin H. Patterson (died 1905), who served on the Howell Township Committee, the Monmouth County, New Jersey Board of Chosen Freeholders and the New Jersey State Assembly
- Tom Pelphrey (born 1982), actor who has appeared in the daytime soap Guiding Light, as Jonathan Randall
- Frankie Perez (born 1989), mixed martial artist specializing in Brazilian jiu-jitsu who has competed in Ultimate Fighting Championship
- Amy Polumbo (born 1984), Miss New Jersey 2007
- Vinnie Roslin (1947–2012), bass guitarist who was an original member of Steel Mill, an early Bruce Springsteen band that included Danny Federici, Vini Lopez and Steve Van Zandt, who would later become members of Springsteen's E Street Band
- Rich Skrosky (born 1964), football coach
- Ryan Spadola (born 1991), wide receiver who has played with the New York Jets and Miami Dolphins
- Denny Walling (born 1954), former Major League Baseball player
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- "Remembering The 20th Century: An Oral History of Monmouth County", VisitMonmouth, September 4, 2000. Accessed December 8, 2019. "Well, to begin with, Farmingdale is roughly less than one square mile, and Howell Township is sixty-four square miles, roughly. First of all, our mail, going way back, used to come out of Farmingdale Post Office and was delivered into parts of Howell Township. We had to put our address down as Farmingdale, although we did not live in Farmingdale. And today it stands. This part of Howell gets all of its mail from Farmingdale from south of the Boro boundary line with Howell to the 195 overpass now, eastward to Wall Township and westward to within a mile of Highway 9."
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- Garbarine, Rachelle. "In the Region: New Jersey; Howell Trying to Balance Growth With Open Space", The New York Times, December 10, 1989. Accessed June 14, 2022.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
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- History, The Historic Village at Allaire, Accessed January 30, 2022. "Allaire State Park’s earliest recorded history of industrial activity was in the early 1750s. In 1822, James P. Allaire purchased the property, and named it the Howell Works to differentiate the site from his Allaire Works in New York."
- Allaire State Park, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Accessed January 30, 2022.
- O'Sullivan, Eleanor. "Martians Among Us: Howell Is Ready For Its Close-Up", Asbury Park Press, May 15, 2005. Accessed March 21, 2012. "Howell residents were delighted to see a big-time movie star and director just before Thanksgiving - Tom Cruise and Steven Spielberg, who were in town shooting scenes for the upcoming release "War of the Worlds."... The Ardena Acres development of Howell and a nearby farm were used by Spielberg in updating Wells' 19th-century story..."
- Cohen, Noah. "2 tornadoes confirmed in N.J. town, weather service says", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, June 25, 2017. Accessed June 28, 2017. "Two tornadoes touched down in Howell early Saturday, uprooting numerous trees, pushing cars into each other and ripping away part of a bank roof, according to the National Weather Service. Extreme weather first hit at 7:21 a.m. with another twister reported six minutes later, a report from the weather service said. Maximum wind speeds reached 75 miles per hour."
- History Archived April 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Howell Township. Accessed June 12, 2006.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Ramtown CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
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- DeMarco, Megan. "Voters to decide whether to merge two Princetons into one", The Star-Ledger, November 3, 2011. Accessed January 8, 2017. "There are 22 sets of 'doughnut towns' in New Jersey, those where one town wraps around the other town". Note that following voter approval of the Princeton merger, 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" remain.
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-  New & Improved: Aldrich Lake Reopens. Jersey Shore Online. Accessed October 22, 2020.
-  Howell Township Facilities: Alfred C. Sauer Park at Echo Lake. Accessed October 22, 2020.
-  Howell resident asks for Lake Louise to be dredged; officials cite $5 million cost. centraljersey.com. Accessed October 22, 2020.
-  Raritan River Basin: Manasquan Watershed. Accessed October 22, 2020.
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- "THE NAVESINK WATERSHED A SHORT HISTORY". As Interpreted in 2003 by Kate Keelen and Jerry Keelen. Navesink Swimming River Group A Subwatershed Regional Council of the Monmouth Coastal Watersheds Partnership. pg. 2, pg. 3, pg. 4.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 11, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 11, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 250, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 11, 2013. "Howell was formed from Shrewsbury in 1801, and is ten miles long by seven wide. The New Jersey Southern, and Farmingdale and Squan Village Railroads, pass through the township. The central part contains marl pits of excellent quality, among the principal of which is the Squankum marl. The Hominy hills are located in the northern part, but in other respects it is generally level ground New Bargain is a small settlement near the middle of the township. Farmingdale is a place of considerable importance brought into notice through the marl pits located in its vicinity. Howell township contained in 1850, 4,058 inhabitants; in 1860, 2,574; and in 1870, 3,371."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 11, 2013.
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- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey[permanent dead link], United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- Analysis of Howell Township, New Jersey, CityMelt.com. Accessed October 14, 2014.
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- "Expedition Magazine - Penn Museum". www.penn.museum.
- "Buddhist Community Has Deep Roots in Howell". Howell, NJ Patch. May 18, 2012.
- , Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. Accessed May 11, 2022
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
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- Home Page Calgo Gardens. Accessed May 7, 2021.
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- Regal Plaza, Rosetto Realty. Accessed December 7, 2020.
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- Manasquan Reservoir, Monmouth County, New Jersey Park System. Accessed May 23, 2012.
- Alfred C. Sauer Park at Echo Lake, Howell Township. Accessed July 12, 2016.
- Radel, Dan. "Howell renames Echo Park after the man who saved it", Asbury Park Press, August 21, 2014. Accessed July 12, 2016. "The township will rename Echo Lake the Alfred C. Sauer Park at Echo Lake, after the late wildlife conservationist who rescued it.... Smith said Sauer fought to save the Echo Lake from silt and pollution in the late 1990s. The lake is being renamed at the request of other area environmentalists, township officials said."
- Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
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- Kennelty, Greg. "Walsh to run for Howell council seat" Archived October 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Tri-Town News, April 11, 2013. Accessed October 17, 2013. "Republican William Gotto was elected to a four-year term as mayor. Because Gotto was elected mayor and took office in January, he had to give up the seat he held on the Township Council. Howell Republicans presented the names of three residents to the council, and the members of the governing body chose to appoint Walsh to the council seat Gotto vacated."
- Faughnan, Stephanie A. "New Howell Police Chief Talks About His Leadership Role", Jersey Shore Online, September 30, 2022. Accessed October 2, 2022. "Newly sworn-in Police Chief John Storrow is far from a stranger to his colleagues and the community.... The need to appoint a new police chief came after Howell Police Chief Andrew Kudrick resigned as of April 1, 2022. Captain Mark Pilecki took on the role as Interim Chief until Storrow was named as chief with a start date of August 1, 2022."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
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- , Who is N.J.’s most bipartisan member of Congress, really?. Accessed August 5, 2022. "As for Republicans, Rep. Chris Smith (R-Manchester) voted with Biden 37% of the time, "
- U.S. Sen. Cory Booker cruises past Republican challenger Rik Mehta in New Jersey, PhillyVoice. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
- Home, sweet home: Bob Menendez back in Hudson County. nj.com. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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- Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 19, 2022. "Monmouth County is governed by five Commissioners elected at-large for three year terms. Each January, the Freeholders select one of their members to serve as the Director of the Board for the year to preside over the meetings and activities of the Board."
- County Commissioner Director Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 19, 2022.
- County Commissioner Deputy Director Susan M. Kiley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 19, 2022.
- County Commissioner Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 19, 2022.
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- Howell Township Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022. "Composition – The Howell Township School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Howell Township for the purpose of providing a program of education in grades Kindergarten through eight."
- District information for Howell Township Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 15, 2022.
- School Data for the Howell Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 15, 2022.
- Adelphia Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Aldrich Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Ardena Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Greenville Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Griebling Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Land O' Pines Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Memorial Middle Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Newbury Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Ramtown Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Taunton Elementary School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Howell Township Middle School North, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- Howell Township Middle School South, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- School Directory, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- County School List H-K, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed October 2, 2022.
- School Performance Reports for the Howell Township Public School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 1, 2022.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Howell Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- FRHSD Attendance Boundaries; Which High School Will My Child Attend? Archived September 28, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Freehold Regional High School District. Accessed January 15, 2020. "The following is a list of streets, by municipality, that are assigned to a Freehold Regional District high school outside of their hometown."
- Freehold Regional High School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 9, 2017. "The Freehold Regional High School District, the largest regional high school District in New Jersey, has six high schools with over 11,000 students and over 1,500 employees and spans 200 square miles. District members include the townships of Colts Neck, Freehold, Howell, Manalapan, and Marlboro, and the boroughs of Englishtown, Farmingdale, and Freehold."
- Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for Freehold Regional High School District, New Jersey Department of Education, June 30, 2018. Accessed February 24, 2020. "Geographically, the District is comprised of the Townships of Colts Neck, Freehold, Howell, Manalapan and Marlboro and the Boroughs of Englishtown, Farmingdale and Freehold. Established in 1953, the District's total area is 198 square miles."
- Comprehensive Annual Financial Report of the Freehold Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education, June 30, 2018. Accessed February 24, 2020. "The Freehold Regional High School District is a Type II District located in Monmouth County, New Jersey. The School District is an instrumentality of the State of New Jersey, established to function as an educational institution. The Board of Education of the Freehold Regional High School District, comprised of nine elected individuals, is the primary governing authority of the District."
- Vilacoba, Karl. "Marlboro files challenge to FRHSD voting system", Central Jersey Archives, September 26, 2002. Accessed January 19, 2020. "Under the current weighted FRHSD vote apportionment, a nine-point voting system is in place. Howell has two board members for a combined 2 voting points; Marlboro, Manalapan and Freehold Township each have one vote worth 1.4 points; Colts Neck and Freehold Borough each have one vote worth 0.9 points; and Englishtown and Farmingdale each have one vote worth 0.5 voting points."
- About the MCVSD, Monmouth County Vocational School District. Accessed February 24, 2020.
- "St. Aloysius and St. Veronica Schools announce plans to form new Catholic academy". Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. January 7, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- About Us Archived January 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Monmouth Academy. Accessed August 13, 2011.
- Church - St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Howell Archived October 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Art & Architecture of New Jersey, Stockton University. Accessed October 17, 2013. "One of the most impressively decorated cathedrals in New Jersey is St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Howell. St. Alexanders is in the jurisdiction of ROCOR (the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia), led by Metropolitan Laurus. The parish was established in 1936 by Archbishop Vitaly on a piece of land donated by Yulia Martinovna Plavskaya."
- Carino, Jerry (December 8, 2020). "Howell home owned by Civil War leader of Black soldiers could be saved for just $20K". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Monmouth County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 17, 2010. Accessed February 13, 2012.
- Aldrich Park & Ride, Howell Township. Accessed December 17, 2020.
- Howell Park & Ride, Park America. Accessed December 17, 2020.
- M-O-M DEIS Rail Alternatives and Candidate Stations (PDF) (Map). NJTranist. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 5, 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- New Jersey State Rail Plan (PDF). NJT. April 2015. p. 5-15. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
- "Rail Right-of-Way Inventory and Assessment". North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority. October 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
In 1996, routes in the Monmouth, Ocean, and Middlesex (MOM) corridor were evaluated for potential feasibility for passenger service. The feasibility study considered eleven possible future alternatives. Nine of the alternatives were build alternatives for commuter rail service to New York Pennsylvania Station, on three different alignments utilizing either the North Jersey Coast Line (NJCL) or Northeast Corridor (NEC), and routing to New York Pennsylvania Station26.In 2001, NJ TRANSIT initiated a DEIS for the development of a rail option using State and Federal funds. The DEIS is examining three alignments: Lakehurst to Monmouth Junction, Lakehurst to Red Bank and Lakehurst to Matawan. In 2006, the alternatives were refined to incorporate direct, one-seat ride, service to New York Penn Station. Ridership, cost and environmental work were adjusted accordingly. Updating demographics and ridership analyses continued during calendar 2009. Lower-cost versions of the three main build alternatives were analyzed and a draft alternatives analysis report was completed in 2010.
- "Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Monmouth-Ocean-Middlesex Rail; Monmouth, Ocean, and Middlesex Counties, NJ". Federal Register. October 16, 2002.
- , International Air Transport Association, accessed August 4, 2022.
- Howell NJ to Trenton NJ, Distance between cities. Accessed August 4, 2022.
- Howell NJ to Newark NJ, Distance between cities. Accessed August 4, 2022.
- Edgar Felix Memorial Bikeway, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy TrailLink. Accessed October 17, 2013.
- Who We Are, CentraState Medical Center. Accessed March 20, 2020.
- Staff. "Surfer artist reflects on roots in Howell", Tri-Town News, July 30, 2012, at JayAlders.com. Accessed August 7, 2016. "Howell, which is known in part for its rural areas and farmland, seems like an unlikely place to produce renowned artist Jay Alders, whose work often focuses on surrealistically styled surfers and beach scenes. In fact, during an interview with Greater Media Newspapers, Alders said that despite the fact that Howell is only a short drive from the Atlantic Ocean, it was not until his teen years that he became obsessed with the beach."
- Biography, BonnieBernstein.com. Accessed April 26, 2012. "Bernstein was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., and grew up in Howell, N.J. She presently resides in New York City."
- Kaplan, Ron. "What's a nice Jewish girl like you…? Howell's Bonnie Bernstein tackles Super Bowl XL", New Jersey Jewish News, February 2, 2006. Accessed April 24, 2012. "The Brooklyn-born Bernstein grew up in Howell, where she took to playing sports and writing about them at a young age."
- Caldwell, Dave. "Racer Back at the Wheel After Crash That Claimed His Brother", The New York Times, September 16, 2007. Accessed July 29, 2019. "Howell - Jimmy Blewett is back in his racecar, back up to speed in races at area tracks, back to the sport that he and his older brother, John, had pursued with equal passion on weekends and after long workdays at the family junkyard."
- Staff. "John Blewett nabs second straight victory at Wall" Archived October 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Holmdel Independent, July 14, 2004. Accessed October 17, 2013. "John Blewett III of Howell scored his second straight Modified win Saturday night in the NASCAR Dodge Weekly Series 35-lap main event at Wall Township Speedway."
- Staff. "Hackensack native joins 'Big Brother' cast" Archived December 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, June 20, 2014. Accessed December 17, 2014. "Cody Calafiore of Hackensack is among the 16 'Houseguests' competing on the new season of Big Brother, which premieres 8 p.m. Wednesday and Thursday on CBS. Calafiore, 23, is a sales account executive who currently lives in Howell."
- Garaffa, Joe; and Mayer, Brian. "Voices of HHS; A trio of enthusiastic seniors has the inside scoop at Howell High School", Asbury Park Press, October 25, 2005. Accessed February 24, 2022. "Howell High School has three excited and enthusiastic teenagers to handle the morning announcements. Seniors Lisa Dibenedetto, 18; Sopan Deb, 17; and Sue David, 17, all of Howell, are the voices at the microphone morning after morning. The trio was selected by the school's administration to represent the student body to deliver school news, sports and class information."
- Curtis, Charles. "Marlins' Anthony DeSclafani, N.J native and Colts Neck HS grad, makes MLB debut", NJ Advance Media, May 15, 2014. Accessed May 11, 2015. "Anthony DeSclafani, who grew up in Howell, N.J. and graduated from Colts Neck High School, had a little bit of pressure on him: He was the pitcher called up Wednesday to replace Marlins ace Jose Fernandez, who was done for the season and had Tommy John surgery on the horizon."
- via Associated Press. "C. A. Francis Dead. New Jersey Treasurer for Last 14 Years of Monmouth County and First Mayor of Long Branch", The New York Times, April 19, 1934. Accessed February 19, 2018. "Charles Asa Francis, active for more than half a century in Monmouth County politics, died early today at his home after a year of failing health. He was 83 years old. Born in the small inland community of Turkey, now known as Adelphia, on Oct. 28, 1851, he moved to North Long Branch in youth and soon became associated with the business and political life of the community."
- Doug French - Driver, Racing-Reference. Accessed February 24, 2022. "Home: Howell, NJ"
- Cichalski, Dan. "A short but sweet history From Renery to Kane to Johnson to Williams, Shore produces some of the nation's finest male soccer stars", Asbury Park Press, December 26, 1999. Accessed April 25, 2012. "Howell's Sandje Ivanchukov was one of the best all-around soccer players in Shore history. The Tampa Bay Rowdies of the NASL made him one of the first high school draft picks in history in the mid-70s."
- Benanti, Carol Ann. "Staten Island son up for three Grammys Sunday during music’s biggest night", Staten Island Advance, January 27, 2020. Accessed April 5, 2020. "Rob’s win could translate into a great 39th birthday gift: Rob made his debut into the world on Jan. 27, 1981. As a youngster he relocated with his parents to Howell, N.J. and studied fine and performing arts at Howell High School before graduating from the School of Audio Engineering in Manhattan."
- Staff. "Howell's LaBrocca drafted by MLS' Colorado Rapids", Asbury Park Press, January 13, 2007. Accessed February 13, 2012.
- Navarra, Tova. Howell and Farmingdale: A Social and Cultutal History, p. 100. Arcadia Publishing, 1996. ISBN 9780738563763. Accessed October 17, 2013. "Austin Patterson served as a Howell chosen freeholder three times between 1873 and 1884, and Charles Patterson's father was a farmer who drove a horse-drawn marl wagon locally and as far away as Smithburg."
- Tom Pelphrey: At a Glance, Soapcentral.com, accessed April 17, 2007. "Tom grew up in Howell, NJ. In his free time, he enjoys reading, Steven Segal movies, and riding his motorcycle."
- Oshinsky, Matthew. "Pelphrey moves from 'Guiding Light' to stage production 'My Italy Story'", The Star-Ledger, June 11, 2009. Accessed April 24, 2012. "It's quite a different place from Howell, N.J., where Pelphrey grew up. He was quarterback on the freshman squad at Howell High School -- until torn ligaments ended that."
- Manahan, Kevin. "N.J. UFC fighter Frankie Perez scores amazing knockout ... and immediately retires", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, August 24, 2015. Accessed November 21, 2017. "Perez, who is from Wallington and Howell, N.J., evened his UFC record at 1-1, and said that's how his career record likely will stand, because he's had enough of the fight game."
- Williams, Alesha. 'Senior Amy Polumbo is named Miss New Jersey; Pageant neophyte takes Miss N.J. crown; Amy Polumbo, Wagner College senior, to vie for Miss America", Asbury Park Press, June 18, 2007, via Wagner College web site. Accessed December 4, 2012. "Acting and performing are second nature to Amy Polumbo of Howell, but remembering to be herself was the tougher challenge for the 22-year-old crowned the state's newest Miss New Jersey on Saturday."
- Mikle, Jean. "Farewell to Vinnie Roslin", Asbury Park Press The Music Room, February 15, 2012. Accessed October 17, 2013. "The Jersey Shore music scene lost yet another of its luminaries last week, when bass player Vinnie Roslin passed away of complications related to heart surgery. Born in 1947, Roslin, who grew up in the Howell and Freehold areas, was a founding member of Steel Mill along with Bruce Springsteen, Vini 'Mad Dog' Lopez and Danny Federici."
- Offensive Coordinator Rich Skrosky, Monmouth Hawks football. Accessed February 23, 2018. "He served as an assistant coach at St. Peter's Prep in Jersey City in 1984 and later served as assistant head coach and defensive coordinator at his alma mater Lodi (N.J.) High School in 1985 and 1986. Skrosky and his wife, the former Suzanne Quentz, reside in Howell, N.J."
- Slater, Darryl. "Jets wide receiver Ryan Spadola realizes NFL dream seven years after his father's suicide changed his life", The Star-Ledger, August 31, 2013. Accessed October 17, 2013. "This was a moment Ryan and his father, Donald, always dreamed about – Ryan as an NFL player. And he made the Jets, whose games Donald and Ryan attended together, driving 50 miles north from their home in Howell."
- Bass, Howard. "Howell's Hitman is Home; Ex-teammate Art Howe hires former Howell, Brookdale star Denny Walling to move north and become Mets' batting coach", Asbury Park Press, November 27, 2002. Accessed April 24, 2012. "Denny Walling, who grew up in Howell and lives in Waynesboro, Va., has been named batting coach of the New York Mets."
- Howell Township website
- Howell Township Public Schools
- School Performance Reports for the Howell Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Howell Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Howell Twp Public School Issues community message board
- Howell High School
- Colts Neck High School
- Freehold Regional High School District
- School Performance Reports for the Freehold Regional High School District, New Jersey Department of Education
- Howell Chamber of Commerce
- Community message board for news and discussion of Howell issues and events
- Local website for news and information concerning Howell Township