Howl (2010 film)
|Directed by||Rob Epstein|
|Written by||Rob Epstein|
|Produced by||Rob Epstein|
Gus Van Sant
|Edited by||Jake Pushinsky|
Stan Webb (animation)
|Music by||Carter Burwell|
Werc Werk Works
|Distributed by||Oscilloscope Laboratories|
Howl is a 2010 American film which explores both the 1955 Six Gallery debut and the 1957 obscenity trial of 20th-century American poet Allen Ginsberg's noted poem "Howl". The film is written and directed by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman and stars James Franco as Ginsberg.
Howl explores the life and works of 20th-century American poet, Allen Ginsberg. Constructed in a nonlinear fashion, the film juxtaposes historical events with a variety of cinematic techniques. It reconstructs the early life of Ginsberg during the 1940s and 1950s. It also re-enacts Ginsberg's debut performance of "Howl" at the Six Gallery Reading on October 7, 1955 in black-and-white. The reading was the first important public manifestation of the Beat Generation and helped to herald the West Coast literary revolution that became known as the San Francisco Renaissance. In addition, parts of the poem are interpreted through animated sequences. Finally, these events are juxtaposed with color images of the 1957 obscenity trial of San Francisco poet and City Lights Bookstore co-founder, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, who was the first person to publish "Howl" in Howl and Other Poems.
- James Franco as Allen Ginsberg, a central figure of the Beat Generation
- Aaron Tveit as Peter Orlovsky, fellow poet and Ginsberg's life partner for over forty years
- Jon Hamm as Jake Ehrlich, Ginsberg's prominent defense attorney, whose slogan was "Never plead guilty" and whose life inspired the TV series Perry Mason
- David Strathairn as Ralph McIntosh, prosecuting attorney
- Alessandro Nivola as Luther Nichols, literary critic/book editor of the San Francisco Chronicle and defense witness
- Mary-Louise Parker as Gail Potter, radio personality and prosecution witness
- Bob Balaban as Judge Clayton W. Horn
- Jeff Daniels as Professor David Kirk
- Jon Prescott as Neal Cassady
- Treat Williams as Mark Schorer
- Todd Rotondi as Jack Kerouac
- Andrew Rogers as Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Principal photography of the film took place in New York City. Animation was provided by Eric Drooker, a former street artist who had collaborated with Ginsberg on his final book of poetry, Illuminated Poems.
Howl received an overall approval rating of 63% from critics at Rotten Tomatoes, based on 105 reviews, with an average rating of 6.4/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "James Franco gives it his all as beat poet Allen Ginsberg, but Howl never develops enough of a focus to do his performance justice." On Metacritic, the film had an average score of 63 out of 100, based on 24 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Roger Ebert gave the film three stars and stated that actor James Franco portrays Allen Ginsberg with "restraint and care." David Edelstein of New York magazine noted that "Since the Sundance opening of James Franco’s take on Allen Ginsberg in Howl, I’d heard the movie was howlingly bad — which makes me think that some of the best critical minds of my generation have been destroyed by cynicism. The film... is an exhilarating tribute from one form (cinema) to another (poetry). It takes Ginsberg's momentous, paradigm-changing poem as its launching pad and landing place; its beginning, middle, and end. You could call it a deconstruction except that sounds too formal. It’s a celebration, an analysis, a critical essay, an ode." A.O. Scott of the New York Times noted that "'Howl' is an exemplary work of literary criticism on film, explaining and contextualizing its source without deadening it." Damien Magee of 702 ABC Sydney gave the film three and a half stars out of five and argued that "James Franco is, in a word, perfect" in the role of Ginsberg. Whilst Magee expressed misgivings about the film's tone, he insists that "there is more than enough that is truly great about Howl for me to recommend it highly". Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle found it to be a film of "passion and ambition" but also suggested that its "success is intermittent at best."
Dismay has been expressed that a characterization of Shig Murao was left out of the film. According to his biographer, Patricia Wakida, Murao was "the one who was actually arrested by the San Francisco police for selling Howl and actually goes to jail. Ginsberg was in Tangier and Ferlinghetti was in Big Sur. Shig was the one who took the fall".
- Won: Central Ohio Film Critics Association - Actor of the Year, James Franco (2011)
- Won: National Board of Review, USA - Freedom of Expression Award (2010)
- Nominated: International Cinephile Society Awards - Best Animated Film (2011)
- Nominated: GLAAD Media Awards - Outstanding Film - Limited Release (2011)
- Nominated: Berlin International Film Festival - Golden Berlin Bear (2010)
- Nominated: Sundance Film Festival - Grand Jury Prize (2010)
- Nominated: World Soundtrack Awards - Soundtrack Composer of the Year (2010)
- Nominated: Dorian Awards - Performance of the Year, James Franco (2010)
- Walter Van T. Clark, author prominently featured in newspaper clipping
- The Source-The 1999 documentary about the Beat Generation
- United States in the 1950s
- "Howl". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- ‘Howl’ filmmakers talk youth culture, James Franco
- The readings by the other four Six Gallery poets are not recreated in the film.
- "Indie studio Werc Werk Works to produce 'Howl' with James Franco". MonstersAndCritics.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- "Catch him if you can: These are busy times for actor Aaron Tveit". PaperMag.com. Retrieved April 24, 2009.
- "Jon Hamm puts on legal briefs for 'Howl'". Cinematical.com. Retrieved March 25, 2009.
- "David Strathairn Interview". MovieBlog.Ugo.com. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- "Mary-Louise Parker joins the exceptional cast of 'Howl'". FilmSchoolRejects.com. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
- "Jon Hamm rounds out final all-star cast of 'Howl'". WercWerkWorks.com. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- "Allen Ginsberg biopic, 'Howl', gets stellar cast and crew". BuzzSugar.com. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
- "Howl In Postproduction". werkwerkwerks.com. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "James Franco's Allen Ginsberg @ 'Howl'--1st look". ReserveResult.com. 9 June 2009. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
- "Lawrence Ferlinghetti, poet and activist, dies at 101". Politico.
- McNary, Dave (February 19, 2009). "Werk Works to produce 'Howl'". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved June 19, 2010.
- D'Andrade, Hugh (Feb 1, 2011) Eric Drooker – The Art of Animating Howl laughingsquid.com
- "Howl (2010)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- "Howl Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- Ebert Film Review
- Movie Review: Howl Is an Exhilarating Trip Back in Time
- New York Times Film Review
- "'Howl'(ing) at the SFF". Blogs.ABC.net.au. Archived from the original on March 25, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
- San Francisco Chronicle Film Review
- "Murao Is Missing: Bookseller Left Out of 'Howl' Movie". Archived from the original on 2010-10-09. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- Not forgetting Shig
- HOWL Awards
- Fish, Stanley. "Literary Criticism Comes to the Movies." New York Times, October 4, 2010.
- Kellogg, Carolyn. "Reading 'Howl' at 'Howl'." Los Angeles Times, October 2, 2010.
- McCracken, Kristin. "Film & Literature: HOWL." Huffington Post, September 30, 2010.
- Seltzer, Sarah. "Howls of Anger, and of Liberation." The Nation, September 29, 2010.