The riots started with a group of mainly young neo-Nazis attacking Vietnamese street hawkers. After the intervention of the police, a hostel used mainly by Mozambican contract workers came under attack. In the following night, further riots took place in Hoyerswerda and foreigners were hurt. On the fourth night, stones and petrol bombs were thrown at an apartment block in Thomas-Müntzer-Straße that housed asylum seekers. During the clashes, 32 people were hurt and 83 were arrested.
After the incidents, the Saxony government evacuated the asylum seekers from Thomas-Müntzer-Straße and many contract workers left the town. In 1991, the word ausländerfrei (free of foreigners) became a synonym for the riot and Un-word of the year in Germany 1991.
The city made efforts to polish its public image and to take action against right-wing radicals. Although the presence of right wing radicals in the city is less visible, it is still a centre of right-wing extremism. In 2006, the Jungen Nationaldemokraten, the youth organisation of the far-right National Democratic Party of Germany, organised a demonstration to remember the 1991 riots. The police arrested over 50 counter-demonstrators and the demonstration took place.
-  local newspaper from 13.07.2007 (German)
- Kinzer, Stephen, "A Wave of Attacks On Foreigners Stirs Shock in Germany", The New York Times (1 October 1991)
- "Nazis feiern Hoyerswerda-Pogrom". redok. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2013.