Hoyt Henry Wheeler
Hoyt Henry Wheeler
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont|
March 16, 1877 – September 30, 1906
|Appointed by||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|Preceded by||David Allen Smalley|
|Succeeded by||James Loren Martin|
|Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court|
|Preceded by||John Prout|
|Succeeded by||Walter C. Dunton|
|Member of the Vermont House of Representatives|
|Member of the Vermont Senate|
Hoyt Henry Wheeler
August 30, 1833
Chesterfield, New Hampshire
|Died||November 19, 1906 (aged 73)|
|Resting place||Morningside Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Minnie L. Maclay (m. 1861-1904, her death)|
Hoyt Henry Wheeler (August 30, 1833 – November 19, 1906) was an Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court and later a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.
Education and career
Wheeler was born on August 30, 1833, in Chesterfield, New Hampshire, a son of John Wheeler and Roxana (Hall) Wheeler. He was raised and educated in Chesterfield and Newfane, Vermont, including attendance at the Chesterfield Academy, where he later taught. He also taught at schools in Dummerston, Vermont, Newfane, Townshend, Vermont and Westminster, Vermont. Wheeler began to study law while teaching, and learned under the tutelage of attorneys Charles K. Field, Jonathan Dorr Bradley and George Bradley Kellogg. He was admitted to the bar in 1859, and practiced in Jamaica from 1859 to 1867, first in partnership with John E. Butler, then as senior partner with Lavant M. Reed. A Republican, he was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives in 1867. He was a member of the Vermont Senate from 1868 to 1869. He was an Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court from 1869 to 1877, succeeding Justice John Prout.
Federal judicial service
Wheeler was nominated by President Rutherford B. Hayes on March 15, 1877, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Vermont vacated by Judge David Allen Smalley. According to contemporary accounts, Wheeler had not sought the appointment, but received it because he had made a favorable impression on Hayes when Hayes visited Newfane. (Hayes's family was originally from nearby Dummerston.) He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 16, 1877, and received his commission the same day. He retired in October 1906, following the confirmation of James Loren Martin as his successor.
Death and burial
In 1861, Wheeler married Minnie L. Maclay of Lockport, New York. They had no children, but raised as their own a nephew, John Knowlton, the son of Mrs. Wheeler's sister Elizabeth and her husband Benjamin L. Knowlton.
- Genealogical and Family History of the State of Vermont.
- Annals of Brattleboro.
- A Memorial Sketch of John Prout.
- "Judge H. H. Wheeler".
- The Life of Rutherford Birchard Hayes.
- "Nominations Confirmed: Hoyt H. Wheeler".
- "Judge Wheeler's Retirement".
- "Mr. Martin's Appointment".
- "Judge Wheeler's Funeral".
- "Personal: Honorary Degrees".
- Cabot, Mary Rogers (1921). Annals of Brattleboro, 1681-1895. 1. Brattleboro, VT: E. L. Hildreth & Company. pp. 961- – via Ancestry.com.
- Carleton, Hiram (1903). Genealogical and Family History of the State of Vermont. I. New York, NY: Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 76–77.
- Harman, Henry A. (October 25, 1892). A Memorial Sketch of John Prout: Published in the Annual Meeting Proceedings of the Vermont Bar Association. Montpelier, VT: Argus and Patriot Book and Job Printing. pp. 63–67.
- Williams, Charles Richard (1914). The Life of Rutherford Birchard Hayes, Nineteenth President of the United States. I. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 6.
- "Nominations Confirmed: Hoyt H. Wheeler". Rutland Daily Herald. Rutland, VT. March 17, 1877. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Personal: Honorary Degrees". Vermont Chronicle. Bellows Falls, VT. July 9, 1886. p. 8 – via Newspapers.com.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Judge Wheeler's Retirement". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. October 15, 1906. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Judge Wheeler's Funeral". St. Albans Messenger. St. Albans, VT. November 20, 1906. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Mr. Martin's Appointment". Brattleboro Reformer. Brattleboro, VT. October 26, 1906. p. 6 – via Newspapers.com.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Judge H. H. Wheeler; His Death on Monday Evening of this Week". Vermont Phoenix. Brattleboro, VT. November 23, 1906. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Hoyt Henry Wheeler at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Hoyt Henry Wheeler at Find a Grave
| Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court
Walter C. Dunton
David Allen Smalley
| Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont
James Loren Martin