A general view
|• Mayor||Peter Staňo|
|• Total||2.87 km2 (1.11 sq mi)|
|Elevation||594 m (1,949 ft)|
|• Density||89/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Postal code||739 98|
Hrčava (help·info) (Polish: Herczawa, German: Hertschawa) is a village in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It has 255 inhabitants (2006). It is the second easternmost village of the country (after neighboring Bukovec), lying near the borders with Poland and Slovakia. In 2001 census six people (2% of the inhabitants) declared Polish nationality and 96.7% declared Roman Catholic faith.
The settlement was first mentioned in 1778 as Hertiawa. It was initially a hamlet of Jaworzynka, which belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen, a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia and a part of the Habsburg Monarchy.
After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, Jaworzynka became a part of Poland. Following protest of the citizens of the hamlet it was in 1924 separated from Jaworzynka and transferred to Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively adjoined to Cieszyn County of Silesian Voivodeship. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia.
- "2001 census data". Czech Statistical Office.
- Mrózek, Robert (1984). Nazwy miejscowe dawnego Śląska Cieszyńskiego [Local names of former Cieszyn Silesia] (in Polish). Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach. p. 77. ISSN 0208-6336.
- "Ustawa z dnia 27 października 1938 r. o podziale administracyjnym i tymczasowej organizacji administracji na obszarze Ziem Odzyskanych Śląska Cieszyńskiego". Dziennik Ustaw Śląskich (in Polish). Katowice. nr 18/1938, poz. 35. 31 October 1938. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
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