Hradec nad Moravicí
Hradec nad Moravicí
|• Mayor||Patrik Orlík|
|• Total||44 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||264 m (866 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (320/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
747 41, 747 84
Hradec nad Moravicí (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦradɛts ˈnad moravɪtsiː]; German: Grätz) is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic about 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Opava. It has around 5,500 inhabitants. The town is dominated by a castle complex.
The area around Hradec nad Moravicí was first settled approximately between 3000 and 2700 BC. A fort was built in the 8th century, which by the 11th century had a full military garrison. The fort was built up into a Romanesque–Gothic castle under the Přemyslid dynasty. The town suffered during the Thirty Years War and lost its city rights for a short time. In 1778, the castle was purchased by the princes of the house of Lichnovský, who would remain there until 1945.
The town experienced significant industrial growth in 19th century and a railway was connected to the town in 1905. Before World War I, according to the 1910 Austrian census, the town had 329 inhabitants, 314 of whom had permanent residence there. The census asked people for their native language: 169 (53.8%) were German-speaking and 144 (45.9%) were Czech-speaking. The largest religious group was Roman Catholics with 327 (99.4%). In 1938, the town was annexed by Nazi Germany. It was returned to Czechoslovakia in 1945, when the town's German-speaking population was expelled.
The town features regular concerts and an annual music competition.
Twin towns — sister cities
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
- Hruška, Lubor. "Strategický plan města Hradec nad Moravicí do roku 2020" (PDF). p. 5. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
- Deane L. Root (ed.). "Hradec nad Moravicí". Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. (subscription required)
- "Partnerské mestá". liptovskyhradok.sk (in Slovak). Liptovský Hrádok. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
- "Česko-polský projekt Hranice dokořán". muhradec.cz (in Czech). Město Hradec nad Moravicí. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
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