Heranush Arshagian was born in the Besiktas district of Constantinople in 1887. Her father Hagop, who died when she was 3, was a prominent social activist in the Armenian community. When Arshagian turned 10 years old, she entered the Bakirkoy French girls school. After studying there for a year and a half, Arshagian continued her studies at the Makruhian Armenian School in the Besiktas district. Arshagian's teachers were highly impressed by her essays and writings, but her days as a student were interrupted when her doctors suggested that she lived outside of the city. Arshagian moved to a farm on the outskirts of Yedikule, where she derived inspiration from the natural setting. It was during those years that Arshagian began to write poetry. She writes in her memoirs, "The fields are green. Afar I can see Constantinople with her ever-flowing suburbs. Beyond that are the hills and mountains covered in fog and the Marmara sea so very beautiful, so very trembling under the fiery rays of the sun..."
Arshagian died in 1905 at the age of 18.
She wrote a series of lyrical poems, novels, and short stories which were published after the author's death in Hayganush Mark's Tsaghig (Flower) newspaper. In 1910 Hrand Nazariantz, who was in constant contact with Heranush Arshagian, published a book about her life and works in Constantinople.
- Stepanian, Karnig (1973). Կենսագրական բառարան. Dictionary of Biographies (in Armenian). Yerevan: Soviet Writers. p. 157.
- V. A., Gabrielyan (1971). Հերանուշ Արշակյան (Ծննդյան 85-ամյակի առթիվ) Translation from Armenian: Heranush Arshagyan (In Commemoration of the 85th anniversary of her birth) (PDF) (in Armenian). Պատմա-բանասիրական հանդես. pp. 115–126. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Hrand Nazariantz, Հերանոյշ Արշակեան: Իր կեանքը եւ բանաստեղծութիւնները, Constantinople, Tēr-Nersēsean, 1910
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