|• Mayor||Aram Razmik Danielyan|
|• Total||21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,750 m (5,740 ft)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||GMT+4 (UTC+4)|
|Area code(s)||(+374) 223|
|Sources: Population |
Hrazdan (Armenian: Հրազդան) is the capital and largest city of the Kotayk Province of Armenia located 45 kilometres (28 miles) northeast of the capital Yerevan. The name Hrazdan is derived from the Middle-Persian name Frazdan. Farzdan is connected to the Zoroastrian mythology. With an estimated population of 53,400 (2011 official estimate), it is the fifth-largest city in Armenia by terms of population. It has lost a significant number of inhabitants since the 1989 census reported 59,000 people.
Geography and Climate
The town of Hrazdan is located in the northeastern part of Armenia, within the Kotayk Province. It is bordered by the Pambak mountains range from the north and the Tsaghkunyats mountain range from the southwest. The borders of the town are extended towards the east, crossing the Geghama mountains reaching up to the top of Mount Gutanasar. While passing through the town, Hrazdan River receives its tributaries; Marmarik and Aghveran rivers.
|Climate data for Hrazdan|
|Average high °F (°C)||31.3
|Average low °F (°C)||14.2
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.75
Hrazdan is one of the cities which have been established during the Soviet rule. The centre of Hrazdan region (former Akhta region) between 1930-59 was the village of Akhta (or Nerkin Akhta), which is the southern district of the present-day Hrazdan town. In 1959, Akhta village was classified as a settlement of urban type of the Republic, being renamed Hrazdan. With the order of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR on 12 January 1963 "About the territorial changes in the Armenian SSR", the villages of Atabekyan, Jrarat, Kakavadzor and Makravan have been merged within the town of Hrazdan. In fact, the town of Hrazdan was formed through the merger of a group of separate settlements. Thus, after becoming a town of regional dependence, Hrazdan started to change rapidly. During that period, the population of Hrazdan was approximately 61,000. The inhabitants of the town were originally from the regions of Sasun, Kars and Mush of Western Armenia, and the regions of Maku, Salmast and Khoi of the present-day Iran, who arrived in the area between 1926-29. During the Soviet era, citizens from other regions of Armenia and Armenians from Diaspora were resettled in Hrazdan.
In December 1995, Hrazdan became the centre of the newly formed Kotayk province.
Hrazdan is one of the most industrialized cities in the Republic of Armenia. The city operates one of the biggest thermoelectrical power stations in the region. The hydro power station of Hrazdan lies on the shores of the artificial lake of Tsovinar. The cement factory of Hrazdan which has been put in action in 1970, is one of the largest enterprises in the Caucasus. Other types of industries in Hrazdan include: carpet manufacturing, production of electrical equipment, dairy products and cattle-breeding.
Education and culture
Hrazdan is home to the Humanitarian University of Hrazdan. Owned by the private sector, the university has 3 faculties: law, pedagogy and economics. As of 2009, 13 public education schools, 13 nursery schools, 1 school for special needs and several musical and sport academies are operating in Hrazdan.
The Hrazdan Theatre of Drama was founded in 1953. The Hrazdan branch of the National Gallery of Armenia and the Geological Museum of Hrazdan are also among the prominent cultural institutions in the town. The History Museum in Hrazdan founded by Armen Aivazyan, features more than 4000 historical remnants and valuable pieces.
Many religious structures in the town are among the favoorite destinations of the visitors:
- Aghbyurak Church of the 10th century.
- Surp Stepanos (Saint Stephen) Monastic Complex of the 10th century.
- Makaravan Monastic Complex, consists of 2 churches: Surp Amenaprkich of the 10th century and Surp Astvatsatsin of the 13th century.
- Surp Karapet Church of Jrarat, built in 1831.
- Surp Khach (Holy Cross) Church of Kojor, built in 1861.
- Surp Mariam Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) Church of Vanatur, built in 1883.
- Armstats:Population Archived 11 January 2011 at WebCite
- http://ohranatruda.ru/ot_biblio/normativ/data_normativ/1/1895/index.php#i1842743 (Russian)
- "Hrazdan city official website: Historical overview". Archived from the original on 2011-01-11.
- Hrazdan at GEOnet Names Server
- Report of the results of the 2001 Armenian Census, National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia