Hristo Chernopeev (Bulgarian: Христо Чернопеев) (1868, Dermantsi, Ottoman Empire, today Bulgaria – 6 November 1915, Krivolak, Kingdom of Serbia, today Republic of Macedonia) was a Bulgarian Army officer and member of the revolutionary movement in Macedonia. He was among the leaders of the Bulgarian Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Committees.
Chernopeev worked as sergeant in Bulgarian Army from 1889 to 1899. Afterwards he became an active member of the Macedonian liberation movement and took part in the Miss Stone Affair in 1901 in Pirin Mountain. After the suppression of the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising in 1903 together with Yane Sandanski and Dimo Hadjidimov he set the base of the left wing of IMRO. During this period he led a band in Kilkis' region and worked as a military instructor in IMRO. After the Young Turks revolution in 1908 Chernopeev was one of the founders of the People's Federative Party (Bulgarian Section). From 1911 he became member of Central Committee of IMRO and during 1912 was leader of a volunteer regiment in the First Balkan War. In 1913 Hristo Chernopeev was elected as deputy in the Bulgarian parliament. During the First World war in 1915, he left the parliament and went at the front as a reserve officer. Chernopeev was killed on 6 November 1915 in the battle of Krivolak with French troops. He was buried in the courtyard of the church in Novo Selo, now a quarter of Štip. After the communists seized power in Macedonia after the Second World war, the nameplate on his grave was destroyed in 1945. In November 2010 his mortal remains and the remains of ten other Bulgarian officers were еxhumed by unknown circumstances. 
- Николов, Борис Й. Вътрешна македоно-одринска революционна организация. Войводи и ръководители (1893-1934). Биографично-библиографски справочник, София, 2001, стр. 187.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2010-11-19.
- Chernopeev Peak. SCAR Composite Antarctic Gazetteer.
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- "Движението отсамъ Вардара и борбата съ върховистите по спомени на Яне Сандански, Черньо Пеевъ, Сава Михайловъ, Хр. Куслевъ, Ив. Анастасовъ Гърчето, Петъръ Хр. Юруковъ и Никола Пушкаровъ; съобщава Л. Милетичъ", София, Печатница П. Глушковъ, 1927, поредица "Материяли за историята на македонското освободително движение", Издава "Македонскиятъ Наученъ Институтъ", Книга VII. (in Bulgarian)