Hsinbyume Pagoda

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Hsinbyume Myatheindan Pagoda
ဆင်ဖြူမယ် မြသိန်းတန် စေတီ
Mya Thein Tan Pagoda, Min Kun.jpg
Religion
AffiliationTheravada Buddhism
Location
LocationMingun, Sagaing Region
CountryMyanmar
Hsinbyume Pagoda is located in Myanmar
Hsinbyume Pagoda
Shown within Myanmar
Geographic coordinates22°03′20″N 96°00′59″E / 22.05556°N 96.01639°E / 22.05556; 96.01639Coordinates: 22°03′20″N 96°00′59″E / 22.05556°N 96.01639°E / 22.05556; 96.01639
Architecture
FounderKing Bagyidaw
Completed1816; 203 years ago (1816)

The Hsinbyume Pagoda (Burmese: ဆင်ဖြူမယ်စေတီ [sʰɪ̀ɴ pʰjù mɛ̀ zèdì]; also known as Myatheindan Pagoda (မြသိန်းတန်စေတီ [mja̰ θéɪɴ dàɴ zèdì])) is a large pagoda on the northern side of Mingun in Sagaing Region in Myanmar, on the western bank of the Irrawaddy River. It is approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) northwest of Mandalay and is located in the proximity of the Mingun Pahtodawgyi. The pagoda is painted white and is modelled on the physical description of the Buddhist sacred mountain, Mount Meru.

Construction[edit]

Hsinbyume Pagoda, Mingun

The pagoda was built in 1816 by Bagyidaw. It is dedicated to the memory of his first consort and cousin, Princess Hsinbyume (ဆင်ဖြူမယ်, lit. Princess White Elephant, 1789–1812) who had died in childbirth in a site nearby.[1][2]

Design[edit]

The pagoda's design is a great departure from Burmese pagoda design norms. It is based on descriptions of the mythical Sulamani pagoda on Mount Meru, and the lower parts of the pagoda represent the mountain. Seven concentric terraces represent the seven mountain ranges going up to the Mount Meru according to Buddhist mythology.[3]

Restoration[edit]

The pagoda was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1836 and was restored by King Mindon in 1874.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Colonel Sladen's Account of Senbyoo Pagoda at Mengoon, 1868" (PDF). SOAS. Retrieved 2007-03-15.[dead link]
  2. ^ Buyers, Christopher. "The Royal Ark: Burma - Konbaung Dynasty". Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  3. ^ Rita Dumais. "PhotoPlus - Myanmar Mingun Myatheindan Pagoda". photoplus.ws. Archived from the original on 2012-03-21. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  4. ^ "Hsinbyume or Myatheindan Pagoda". myanmar-image.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2011-03-12.