|Born||28 February 1906|
|Died||25 July 1981
|Alma mater||Yenching University|
Hu Lancheng (simplified Chinese: 胡兰成; traditional Chinese: 胡蘭成; pinyin: Hú Lánchéng) (Feb 28, 1906 – July 25, 1981) was a Chinese writer and editor. He was married to the novelist Eileen Chang from 1943 to 1947.
During the Second Sino-Japanese War he collaborated with the Japanese, serving briefly in the Propaganda Ministry of the puppet government in China headed by Wang Jingwei in the early 1940s and publishing a literary journal, Bitter Bamboo in which Chang published some of her work. Disagreements with colleagues in Nanjing led to his departure for Wuhan, where he continued supporting the regime as the editor of Dachubao until 1945. These actions made many Chinese regard him as a Hanjian or traitor, and led to intense controversy regarding the value of his works (including those which were non-political).
After the war, he went into hiding, eventually fleeing to Tokyo, Japan. In the early 1970s he taught in the Chinese Culture University in Taiwan for several years, until popular pressure forced him to return to Tokyo, where he died in 1981.
- 山河歲月(Shan He Sui Yue, Times of the Earth), a study on Chinese Civilization
- 今生今世(Jinsheng Jinshi, This Life, These Times), a memoir
- 禪是一枝花(Chan Shi Yi Zhi Hua, Zen is a Flower), a study in Buddhism
- 中國文學史話(Zhongguo Wenxue Shihua, An Anecdotal History of Chinese Literature), a study on the history of Chinese literature
- 建國新書(Jianguo Xinshu, A New Book on State-building ), political philosophy
- 革命要詩與學問(Geming Yao Shi Yu Xuewen, Revolution Needs Poetry and Learning), political philosophy
- Words and Images, Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique 11.3 (2003) 675-716, where Taiwanese writer Chu T’ien-wen talks about Hu's influence on her.
- Excerpt of ‘This Life, These Times’, Renditions (ISSN 0377-3515), No. 45, translated by D.E. Pollard
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