The land is mainly mountainous and the main settlement lies at an elevation of 814 meters. Peaks reach the height of 2,700 meters. The average annual temperature is 16.9°C and the average annual rainfall is 427.0 mm.
Agriculture and cattle raising are the two main economic activities. Corn and beans are raised for subsistence while grasses are grown for cattle fodder. The cattle herd had 15,457 head in 2000  and calves are exported to the United States of America. There is one mine, Santa Gertrudis, which has brought employment to the region.
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