Huairou District

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Huairou
怀柔区
District
Mutianyu Great Wall
Mutianyu Great Wall
Location of Huairou District in Beijing
Location of Huairou District in Beijing
Coordinates: 40°18′53.928″N 116°37′33.24″E / 40.31498000°N 116.6259000°E / 40.31498000; 116.6259000
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Beijing
Township-level divisions 2 subdistricts
12 towns
2 ethnic townships
Area
 • Total 2,557.3 km2 (987.4 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 • Total 296,002
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s) 0010
Website www.bjhr.gov.cn

Huairou District (simplified Chinese: 怀柔; traditional Chinese: 懷柔; pinyin: Huáiróu Qū) is situated in northern Beijing about 50 kilometers from the city center (about a 1½ to 2 hour drive).

History[edit]

In 1995 during the United Nation's 4th World's Women Conference in Beijing, the Civil Society community was forced to meet in the Huairou district, an hour from the official proceedings, leading to a great deal of discontent, as many of the non-governmental actors present felt marginalized. In a tent at the Civil Society Village established especially for poor, grassroots women at the conference (organized by GROOTS International), the Huairou Commission, a registered non-governmental organization with a global secretariat in Brooklyn, NY, was established to ensure that grassroots women would have a voice at subsequent UN conferences and in other development processes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Huairou District, covering an area of 2,557.3 square kilometres (987.4 sq mi). 90 percent of it is mountainous area. Because of its 69% forest cover, the district is known as the natural "oxygen bar" of Beijing. In addition, it boasts a rich combination of plant, animal and tourism resources. Therefore, Huairou is of great importance to Beijing in ensuring the environmental quality and the ecosystem of the capital city.

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 2 subdistricts, 12 towns with 3 towns of which carry the "area" (地区) label, and 2 ethnic townships in the district:.[a][2] Huairou's urban area (112,662 in township) has an estimated area of 11.5 km2 (4.4 sq mi) and an estimated population of 90,000.[3]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[4] Area (km2)
Longshan Subdistrict 龙山街道 Lóngshān Jiēdào 44,203 7.50
Quanhe Subdistrict 泉河街道 Quánhé Jiēdào 54,471 5.10
Huairou (town) Area 怀柔(镇)地区 Huáiróu (Zhèn) Dìqū 66,485 69.00
Yanqi (town) Area 雁栖(镇)地区 Yànqī (Zhèn) Dìqū 25,933 154.08
Miaocheng (town) Area 庙城(镇)地区 Miàochéng (Zhèn) Dìqū 34,027 32.70
Beifang town 北房镇 Běifáng Zhèn 24,541 42.10
Yangsong town 杨宋镇 Yángsòng Zhèn 24,642 30.50
Qiaozi town 桥梓镇 Qiáozǐ Zhèn 21,914 112.62
Huaibei town 怀北镇 Huáiběi Zhèn 12,475 104.72
Tanghekou town 汤河口镇 Tānghékǒu Zhèn 6,372 225.09
Bohai town 渤海镇 Bóhǎi Zhèn 14,016 192.02
Jiuduhe town 九渡河镇 Jiǔdùhé Zhèn 15,206 177.40
Liulimiao town 琉璃庙镇 Liúlímiào Zhèn 5,938 226.30
Baoshan town 宝山镇 Bǎoshān Zhèn 8,244 250.45
Changxiaoying Manchu Ethnic Township 长哨营满族乡 Zhǎngshàoyíng Mǎnzú Xiāng 6,570 249.43
Labagoumen Manchu Ethnic Township 喇叭沟门满族乡 Lǎbāgōumén Mǎnzú Xiāng 4,895 302.00

Economy[edit]

Its major agricultural products are chestnuts, walnuts, hawthorns, sweet pears, and apricots.

Tourism[edit]

Submerged part of the Great Wall

The Great Wall of China runs through the district and some of the choicest tourist sections are located in the district.[5] The portion known as Mutianyu is one of the most popular sections of the Great Wall for tourists.[5] The Lakeside Great Wall in Huanghuacheng village, Jiuduhe is another tourist section known for the proximity of the Great Wall to man-made reservoir and even parts of the Great Wall are submerged under the lake water.[5]

Another tourist attraction is Hong Luo Mountain on which the Hong Luo Temple is located.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These towns are officially classified as subdistricts, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Huairou Commission website
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:怀柔区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  3. ^ China (CN) Beijing Metropolitan Province
  4. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  5. ^ a b c "Beijing Bucket List: Huanghuacheng Lakeside Great Wall". The Beijing. January 29, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Huairou District at Wikimedia Commons