Huang (state)

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Kingdom of Huang
黄國
891 BCE–648 BCE
Capital Huangchuan
Government Monarchy
History
 •  Established 891 BCE
 •  Disestablished 648 BCE
Today part of China

The Kingdom of Huang (黄國) was a country that existed during the time of the Zhou dynasty until the middle Spring and Autumn period, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Chu and forced to become a tributary state and send regular tribute. There were 12 monarchs of the Kingdom of Huang in total during the 243 years that this country existed.

Western Huang[edit]

In the 21st century BC, Emperor Shun granted lands around modern Can'hu, Shanxi to Huang Hui Lian (黄惠连). Huang Hui Lian's descendants ruled the area until the Spring and Autumn period, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Jin. The Kingdom of Huang was later restored during the year 891

Kingdom of Huang[edit]

In 891 BC, King Xiao of Zhou granted viscount and gave lands to Huang Xi (黄熙), a royal descendent of Hui Lian in what now Yicheng, Hubei. With these lands, King Huang Xi eventually founded the new Kingdom of Huang. In 845 BC, King Huang Meng (黄孟) relocated the national capital to Huangchuan (潢川), Henan where ruins of the ancient city now remain. In 648 BC, the Kingdom of Huang was invaded by the Kingdom of Chu, forcing its people to take refuge in the neighboring Kingdom of Qi as well as escaping to the northern parts beyond the Yangzi river.

Monarchs of Huang[edit]

  • Huang Yun (Huang Hui Lian)
  • Huang Xi
  • Huang Junmeng
  • Huang Qisheng