Portrait of Huang Daozhou by Zeng Jing
|Minister for Education|
Tongshan[disambiguation needed], Zhangpu, Fujian, Ming Dynasty
Huang Daozhou (Chinese: 黄道周, 1585–1646) was a Chinese calligrapher, scholar and official of the Ming Dynasty. Huang obtained the degree of Jinshi in 1622. He subsequently held various government positions, including Minister for Education. He was known for providing candid advice to the emperors. This made him very unpopular with the Chongzhen Emperor. As a result, Huang was demoted and sent to prison.
In his later years, he volunteered to fight against the Manchurian invasion. He was captured and, refusing to surrender, was killed by the Manchurian army.