Huang Gongwang

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Huang.
Huang Gongwang
Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains, Huang Gongwang, c. 1350
Traditional Chinese 黃公望
Simplified Chinese 黃公望
Style name
Traditional Chinese 子久
Simplified Chinese 子久
Traditional Chinese 大癡道人
Simplified Chinese 大痴道人
Literal meaning A Silly Daoist
Alternate sobriquet
Traditional Chinese 一峰道人
Simplified Chinese 一峰道人
Literal meaning Daoist of One Peak

Huang Gongwang (1269–1354) was a painter born during the late Song Dynasty in Changshu, Jiangsu. He was the oldest of the "Four Masters of the Yuan Dynasty." Huang was born Lu Jian (Chinese: 陸堅; pinyin: Lù Jiān), and after serving as a government official, he became a Taoist priest. He spent his last years in the Fu-ch'un mountains near Hangzhou devoting himself to Taoism, where around 1350 he completed one of his most famous, and arguably greatest, works, Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains.

In art he rejected the landscape conventions of his era's Academy, but is now regarded as one of the great literati painters. He had two styles, one of which depended on the use of purple, while the other required the use of black ink. He was also a poet, as was typical for Chinese scholar-officials of his era, and had some talent for music.

He wrote a treatise on landscape painting, Secrets of Landscape Painting (寫山水訣, Xiě Shānshuǐ Jué).


  • Masterpieces of Chinese Art (pages 87–90), by Rhonda and Jeffrey Cooper, Todtri Productions, 1997. ISBN 1-57717-060-1

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