Huang Hua

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Huang Hua
黄华
Huang Hua (1978).jpg
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China
In office
3 December 1976 – 19 November 1982
President abolished
Premier Hua Guofeng
Zhao Ziyang
Preceded by Qiao Guanhua
Succeeded by Wu Xueqian
Personal details
Born (1913-01-25)January 25, 1913
Ci County, Hebei, China
Died November 24, 2010(2010-11-24) (aged 97)
Beijing, China
Political party Communist Party of China
Spouse(s) He Liliang (何理良)[1]

Huang Hua (Chinese: 黄华; pinyin: Huáng Huá; January 25, 1913 – November 24, 2010) was a senior Communist Chinese revolutionary, politician, and diplomat. He served as Foreign Minister of China from 1976 to 1982, and concurrently as Vice Premier from 1980 to 1982. He was instrumental in establishing diplomatic links of the People's Republic of China with the United States and Japan, and was involved in the negotiations with the United Kingdom over the status of Hong Kong.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Huang Hua was born Wang Rumei in Ci County, Hebei Province in 1913.[1] He was one of the early students at Yenching University in Beijing, where he learned excellent English and developed a close relationship with John Leighton Stuart, the American missionary who founded Yenching.[3]

In 1936, he joined the Communist Party of China at Yenching, and assumed the name Huang Hua. Later that year, he accompanied American journalist Edgar Snow to the Communist base in Yan'an, acting as the interpreter between Snow and the Communist leaders including Mao Zedong. Snow wrote the book Red Star Over China, which introduced the Chinese Communists to the world. Huang Hua remained in Yan'an after Snow left, and worked as an assistant to Marshall Zhu De and later as secretary of Marshall Ye Jianying.[2] He married He Liliang in Yan'an.[1]

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Huang's English skills ensured him a position in the newly established Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[2] In the early 1950s, he gained prominence as an effective diplomat. He was involved in the Korean War armistice talks (1953), initial contacts with the United States in Warsaw, Poland (1958), and China's joining of the United Nations (1971).

During the 1960s, Huang spent much of his time abroad serving as ambassador to Ghana and then Egypt. When he returned home during the height of the Cultural Revolution, he was arrested along with his wife and banished to labor reform in the countryside. His exile did not last long however, as he was rehabilitated in 1971 and appointed the PRC's first ambassador to the United Nations.

Beginning in 1971, Huang was the first Permanent Representative to the UN from the People's Republic of China after the UN seat was transferred to the communist Chinese government. Huang also signed the Sino-Japanese Peace and Friendship Treaty with Japanese Foreign Minister Sonoda on August 12, 1978.

After Mao Zedong's death in 1976, Foreign Minister Qiao Guanhua, an ally of the radical Gang of Four, was dismissed from his post and Huang appointed as his replacement. In this capacity, he served as Foreign Minister for the next six years and presided over the official establishment of diplomatic relations with the US.

When Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev died in November 1982, a Chinese delegation headed by Huang Hua as Foreign Minister attended the funeral, where Huang praised the late Soviet leader as "an outstanding champion of world peace," and expressed his hope for normalized relations with Moscow. This was during the Sino-Soviet split, when PRC and the USSR competed for influence in the world. However, Huang's overly hasty actions led to his dismissal from office as soon as he returned home.

Huang died in November 2010 at the age of 97.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Barboza, David (November 24, 2010). "Huang Hua, 97, a Diplomat Who Served China, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Brown, Kerry (November 24, 2010). "Huang Hua obituary". Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Yuwu Song (18 July 2006). Encyclopedia of Chinese-American Relations. McFarland. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-7864-4593-6. 

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Qiao Guanhua
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China
1976–1982
Succeeded by
Wu Xueqian
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Liu Chieh
Representing the Republic of China
Permanent Representative and Ambassador of China to the United Nations
1971–1976
Succeeded by
Chen Chu