Huang Qifan

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Huang Qifan
Voa chinese Huang+Qifan 20120309 300.jpg
Huang Qifan in 2012
Mayor of Chongqing
In office
January 2010 – December 2016
Party SecretaryBo Xilai
Zhang Dejiang
Sun Zhengcai
Preceded byWang Hongju
Succeeded byZhang Guoqing
Personal details
BornMay 1952 (age 68)
Zhuji, Zhejiang
Political partyCommunist Party of China
Alma materShanghai Mechanical College
Nankai University
China Europe International Business School

Huang Qifan (simplified Chinese: 黄奇帆; traditional Chinese: 黃奇颿; pinyin: Huáng Qífān, born May 1952) is a Chinese politician, best known for his term as the Mayor of Chongqing, one of China's four directly-controlled municipalities, between 2010 and 2016. Huang began his political career in Shanghai and was transferred to Chongqing in 2001 as its Deputy Mayor, before being promoted to Mayor in 2010.


Huang was born in Zhuji, Zhejiang province. During the Cultural Revolution he worked in a coking factory.[1] He joined the Communist Party of China in 1976. His political career began in Shanghai's Pudong New Area in 1993. Between 1994 and 1995 Huang served as the Director of the Policy Research Office of the Communist Party organization in Shanghai. Between 1995 and 2001 Huang served as the Deputy Secretary-General of the Shanghai Municipal Government. Between 1998 and 1999 Huang took on a one-year stint pursuing his Executive MBA at the China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) in Shanghai.[1]

Huang was transferred to work in Chongqing in 2001, several years after the city was elevated to "Direct-controlled Municipality" status equivalent to that of Shanghai. He was the city's Deputy Mayor from 2001 to 2009 and sat on the Communist Party's Chongqing Standing Committee. Huang is unique in that he has served under four Chongqing Party Secretaries He Guoqiang, Wang Yang, Bo Xilai, and Zhang Dejiang, each with their unique set of policies and political beliefs, and all of whom went on to become prominent politicians at the national level. Huang is therefore considered a "political survivor", and has been dubbed the sichao yuanlao (四朝元老; roughly, "he who served four emperors.").

Huang was considered a key political ally of Bo Xilai, who abruptly fell out of favour with the national leadership following the Wang Lijun incident in February 2012. Many believe that Huang's political career had come to an end due to his association with Bo and the appointment of Zhang Dejiang as party secretary for Chongqing following Bo's dismissal in March 2012.[2] During a televised government meeting, Huang expressed his support for Zhang.[3] He was elected to the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in 2012, and re-elected Mayor of Chongqing in January 2013.

Huang left his post as mayor of Chongqing City on 29 December 2016; he then became Vice-Chair of the National People's Congress Financial and Economic Affairs Committee.[4]

Huang has stated his opposition to the Hukou system, which he believes is unnecessarily reducing the competitiveness of older Chinese workers.[5]


  1. ^ a b "黄奇帆". Official biography, Xinhua.
  2. ^ Choi Chi-yuk (18 March 2012). "ll change after Bo's downfall; Chongqing civil servants pledge allegiance to their new leadership and prepare for major reshuffles, with the city's propaganda department a likely target". South China Morning Post.
  3. ^ Choi Chi-yuk (17 March 2012). "Chongqing papers print Zhang's CV". South China Morning Post.
  4. ^ 黄奇帆卸任重庆市市长职务
  5. ^ Yang, Zheyu; Li, Rongde (August 22, 2018). "Legislator Says 'Hukou' System Is Squandering China's Labor". Caixin Global Limited. A prominent legislator is calling for the overhaul of China’s household registration system, arguing that it is squandering the country’s huge population benefits by reducing the ability of migrant laborers to work into their later years.