Huang Shaohong

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Huang Shaohong
黃紹竑
Huang Shaohong.jpg
Huang Shaohong
Governor of Hubei[1]
In office
1936–1937
Preceded by Yang Yung-t'ai
Governor of Zhejiang[2]
In office
1937–1946
Preceded by Chu Chia-hua
Personal details
Born 1895
Died 1966
Nationality Han chinese
Political party Kuomintang
Alma mater Guangxi Military Cadre Training School
Military service
Allegiance Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China
Years of service 1924–1945
Rank general
Commands General in the National Revolutionary Army
Battles/wars Xinhai Revolution, Northern Expedition, Second Sino-Japanese War, Chinese Civil War
Huang Shaohong
Traditional Chinese 黃紹竑
Simplified Chinese 黄绍竑

Huang Shaohong (1895 – August 31, 1966) was a warlord in Guangxi province and governed Guangxi as part of the New Guangxi Clique through the latter part of the Warlord era, and a leader in later years of the Republic of China.

Biography[edit]

Huang, a Hakka, was born in 1895 in Rong County, Guangxi, China.[3] After the 1911 revolution he attended Guangxi Military Cadre Training School in Guilin along with Bai Chongxi and Li Zongren. Later he rose to command the Model Battalion, a modern professional military formation equipped with machine guns.

In the confused power struggles following the Ao-Gui Wars, local military figures began to carve out territory in Guangxi and dominate it. In the southwest were the opium trails from both Yunnan and Guizhou that ran through Baise and then down the river to Nanning, from whence opium usually went out through Wuzhou, where the trade was financed.

During the Ao-Gui wars Huang, then the commander of the Model Battalion, attempted to stay neutral and relocated to Baise in the far northwest. By stages he came to control Baise, and with it the opium trade. Later he expanded his control to Wuzhou, thus locking up the portals through which opium both entered and left Guangxi. By the spring of 1924 the new Guangxi Clique had formed and created the Guangxi Pacification Army. Li Zongren was the Commander-in-Chief, Huang the deputy Commander and Bai Chongxi the Chief of Staff. By August they had defeated and driven former ruler Lu Rongting and other contenders out of the province and Huang became the civil governor of Guangxi from 1924-29. He was also interior and transportation minister in the National Government of Chiang Kai-shek after 1927.

During the Kumul Rebellion Chiang Kai-shek was ready to send Huang and his expeditionary force, which he assembled to assist Muslim Gen. Ma Zhongying against Sheng Shicai, but when Chiang heard about the Soviet Invasion of Xinjiang, he decided to withdraw to avoid an international incident if his troops directly engaged the Soviets, leaving Ma alone without reinforcements to fight the Red Army.[4]

Huang became chairman of the government of Zhejiang from 1934-35 and Hubei from 1936-37. Again from 1937-46 he became chairman of the government of Zhejiang and commander of the 15th Army of the National Revolutionary Army. During World War II he was named deputy commander-in-chief of the 2nd War Zone. After the war he was named head of the Supervisory Committee and elected member of the Legislative Yuan (parliament).

During the Chinese Civil War peace talks in March 1949, he was one of the Kuomintang delegates. He and Zhang Zhizhong agreed to accept the cease-fire conditions submitted by the Communist Party. When the Kuomintang leadership turned them down later, Huang fled to Hong Kong and declared his revolt from the KMT and joined the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) in September 1949.

After the founding of the People's Republic, Huang was elected a member of the State Council, National People's Congress, and CPPCC. He was also a member of the Standing Committee of the Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee. During the Anti-Rightist Movement, Huang was labeled a rightist. Later, during the Cultural Revolution, he was again determined to be a "rightist." Unable to stand the persecution of the Red Guards, he committed suicide at home on August 31, 1966, in Beijing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hung-mao Tien (1972). Government and politics in Kuomintang China, 1927–1937. Stanford University Press. p. 186. ISBN 0-8047-0812-6. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  2. ^ Steen Ammentorp (2000–2009). "The Generals of WWII Generals from China Huang Shaoxiong". Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  3. ^ "客家人将军". 
  4. ^ Hsiao-ting Lin (2010). Modern China's Ethnic Frontiers: A Journey to the West. Taylor & Francis. p. 46. ISBN 0-415-58264-4. Retrieved 2010-06-28.