Huang Xianfan

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Huang Xianfan
Huang Xianfan Graduation Photo.jpg
Huang Xianfan graduation photo
Gan Jinying (甘錦英/甘锦英)

(1899-11-13)13 November 1899
Died18 January 1982(1982-01-18) (aged 82)
Cause of deathA cerebral hemorrhage
Resting placeGuangxi Government Cemetery
ResidenceGuilin, Guangxi
NationalityPeople's Republic of China
CitizenshipPeople's Republic of China
EducationBeijing Normal University(1926-1935) and Tokyo Imperial University (1935-1937)
OccupationRepresentatives of the National People's Congress (NPC), Members of the CPPCC National Committee
Years active1954-1958, 1980-1982
Known forThe father of Zhuang studies (壮学之父) and The leaders of Bagui and Wunu School (八桂学派和无奴学派领袖)
Home townQusi village, Qujiu town, Fusui county
Political partyChinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Liu Lihua (刘丽华, Teacher)
  • Sons
    * Gan Jinshan (甘金山, Visiting Professor)
    * Gan Wenhao (甘文豪, Scholar)
    * Gan Wenjie (甘文杰, Scholar)
  • Daughters
    * Huang Xiaoling (黄小玲, Professor)
    * Huang Wengao (黄文高)
    * Huang Dongping (黄冬平, Engineer)
    * Huang Wenfei (黄文斐,Teacher)
    * Huang Wenkuei (黄文魁, Editing)
    * Huang Wenbin (黄文彬).
Parent(s)Gan Xinchang (甘新昌)中国网

Huang Xianfan (zhuang: Vangz Yenfanh; simplified Chinese: 黄现璠; traditional Chinese: 黄現璠; pinyin: Huáng Xiànfán; Wade–Giles: Huáng Hsiènfán) (November 13, 1899 – January 18, 1982) was a Chinese historian, ethnologist and educator.[1]

A scholar of both ancient and modern culture, Huang's monograph A Brief History of Zhuang Nationality is the first systematic research on the history of Zhuang nationality in China.[2] and his book "Nong Zhi Gao" is the first research on the historical personage of Zhuang nationality in China.[3]

The General History of the Zhuang is the first research on the history of Zhuang nationality[4] and The "Bagui School" he created is the first ethnic school in China.[5]

Huang is considered one of the founders of modern Chinese ethnology.[6]


Early life and education[edit]

Huang Xianfan was born on 13 November 1899 from the Qujiu town of Fusui County, Guangxi province, China. His original name was Gan Jinying, later renamed Huang Xianfan. His family was of Zhuang nationality. Huang's father, Gan Xinchang, was a farmer, but a background in classics allowed him to introduce Huang to various works when Huang was six years old. According to his autobiography, his intellectual gifts were recognized as a child by his uncle. Therefore, from an early age he was sent by his family to study the Confucian classics, like Three Character Classic and Thousand Character Classic. Huang described his father as a stern disciplinarian. Huang's father sent the 9-year-old Huang to Qusi Mengguan(Chinese old schools), learning the value systems of Confucianism, like Four Books and Five Classics, in order to pass the yuanshi(Imperial examination exams of the county and district level, similar to the current Chinese civil service exams).[7] However, as a teenager he was dissatisfied by the scholastic system of his time, especially its emphasis on preparing for the eight-legged exams, which are artificial literary exercises done during examinations. Huang later admitted that he didn't enjoy the classical Chinese texts that preached Confucian morals, favouring instead history books such as Records of the Grand Historian. From age 14, Huang Xianfan was educated at Qusi Primary School. At 18, Huang moved to a higher primary school in nearby Quli, where he was bullied for his peasant background.[8]

In 1922, he entered Guangxi Third Normal college. In 1926, he entered Beijing Normal University and was taught by the famous tutor Chen Yuan and Qian Xuantong. It was there over nine years that he had completed his diploma, bachelor and postgraduate courses, writing a series of academic papers and books in classical Chinese on the ancient history, Chinese society, politics, economy, culture, religion and folk custom, as well as translating the history of various countries into Chinese. During his university study, Huang still taught language and history at a Beijing private high school. With his students, he set up Beilei Xueshe (蓓蕾學社), a academic group and the press in 1932, publishing academic books.[9]

In 1935, he went to Japan and studied at Tokyo Imperial University and was taught by the famous Japanese historian tutors, He Tianqing and Jia Tengfan.


In November 1937 he returned to China to teach history as a professor in Guangxi, Sun Yat-sen University as well as in Guilin and Guangxi Normal University,and devoted himself to the study of Chinese anthropology and folklore. He was the first university professor of Zhuang nationality in China[10] and first university professor of Chongzuo city.[11] During his academic career, he was assigned as a researcher in Guangxi Educational Institute, he was a dean of the Chinese department, and a curator in Guangxi University. He also worked as a director of the library in Guangxi Normal University.

When the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, Professor Huang Xianfan was elected as a director of the Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries in its first congress. He was then the only representative from Guangxi cultural and educational circles. After 1954, he was elected as a representative of the first National People's Congress,a committeeman of Ethnic Affairs Committee of NPC, and a committeeman of International Culture Liaison Committee of CPC.[12] Meanwhile, he had also been elected as a committeeman of the People's Government of Guixi Zhuang Nationnality Autonomous Region[13] and the committeeman of the Council of Guangxi province.

During the “Hundred Flowers Campaign”thaw of 1956–57, he opposed the Communist Party's education policy. But then the climate suddenly changed with the “Anti-Rightist Movement. "In 1957, Huang stood with head bowed before countless assemblies to confess his "crimes toward the people. "Hundreds of articles attacked him, not a few by colleagues, some viciously dishonest. On 1 February 1958, a resolution was made in the fifth session of the first National People's Congress, that Mr.Fei Xiaotong, Huang Xianfan and Ou Bai Chuan were removed from their memberships of the Ethnic Committee of NPC.[14] He was wrongly classified as historians five rightist (Huang Xianfan, Xiang Da, Lei Haizong, Wang Zhongmin, Chen Mengjia) No. big rightists, and became biggest rightist in Chinese history circles.[15] After the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution, to up to tortured abuse, physically attacked by Red Guards, forced to clean toilets. Huang became an outcast, humiliated, isolated, academic research unable to publish.[16]

In 1979, the Chinese government has corrected all the wrong identities of the so-called bourgeois rightists. Professor Huang Xianfan was then posted as a counselor of Chinese Ethnic Association, an ethnic editor for the Encyclopedia of China (Zhōngguó Dà Bǎikē Quánshū), a counselor of Institute for Studies on Chinese Southwest Minorities, and a vice-chairman of institute for studies on Chinese Baiyue Ethnic History.[17] Later on he was elected as a committee member of the fifth congress of CCPPCC, and during this period, he had assisted Chinese government with a lot of corrections for the wrong political cases.[18]

During his lifetime, professor Huang Xianfan had worked in many Universities and taught a lot of students.[19] In his later years, he had founded Li Jiang Sparetime college, and worked as the head of this college. In November 1999, Guangxi Normal University had held a grand forum on professor Huang Xianfan’s hundred years birthday. After the forum, the university edited and published two books——The thesis on the memory of professor Huang Xianfan's hundred years birthday and the introduction on Chinese ancient books—written by professor Huang Xianfan. Now Guangxi Normal University and Guilin high school have established their scholarships in memory of professor Huang Xianfan.[20]


Huang had two wives: Lanmei and Liu Lihua. They brought eleven children to Huang; all of them became successful individuals through Huang's strict and effective education. Two of them were professors at Chinese Universities, including Huang Xiaoling, a prominent professor of medicine of Guangxi.[21]

Academic research activities[edit]

During the War with Japan[edit]

Huang Xianfan formed a group to do ethnographic research in the border region of Guizhou-Guangxi in August 1943, and worked as the head of this group. Again, in April 1945, as a leader he formed another investigative group to research South Guizhou border dwellers. They conducted a lot of academic research in ethnic areas of Guizhou and Guangxi. By doing this, professor Huang became a pioneer of ethnic residence investigations.[22]

During period of Guangxi University[edit]

In June 1951, Huang Xianfan joined a central government ethnic mission led by Professor Fei Xiaotong(Huang was vice leader and in Guangxi sub-group of the middlesouth delegation). They went to Guangxi ethnic areas for condolences and investigations. In March 1952, he went with his students to areas of Duan, Donglan and Nandan for investigation. In the summer of this year, they went to Chongzuo, Debao, Jingxi and Longluo of Fusui for field investigation.[23] They had collected a lot of historical relics from local headmen, which including materials of Nong Zhigao's uprising and the anti-qing dynasty movement led by Wu Lingyun and his son. In June 1953, Huang formed a historical relics investigation group from the cultural education bureau of the People’s Government of Guixi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region in Guangxi University. As a leader, he led the group members to Nandan, Tiane, Hechi, Luocheng and Yicheng, They visited and investigated Yao, Maonan, Miao, Zhuang and Mulao minorities, and collected many historical relics and materials.

During period of Guangxi Normal University[edit]

Guangxi Normal University (Jingjiang Princes City) - Professor Huang Xianfan had worked here for over thirty years

In March 1954, Huang went to Gui county to make a field investigation and collect Zhuang ethnic's living condition and historical and revolutionary materials of Huang Dingfeng and Taiping rebellions that took place in Gui County.

On 19 April 1954, under the instruction of Peng Zhen, a resolution was made at the March 31st's conference, the Ethnic Committee of NPC made a document of primary scheme of investigation and research work on Chinese ethnics social and historical conditions in minorities areas. They decided to form several groups to investigate Chinese ethnics social and historical conditions, Yunnan group was led by Fei Xiaotong, Liu Guanying, joined by Fang Guoyu. Sichuan group led by Xia Kongnong, joined by Yang Xing and Hu Qingjun. North-west group led by Feng Jiasheng, joined by Chen Yongling.Guizhou group led by Wu ZeLing,joined by Liang Oudi. Guangdong and Hai Nan group led by Chen Jiawu. Guangxi group led by Huang Xianfan, Mo Qing. Xinjiang group led by Xinjiang working committee, joined by Li Youyi and Li Youzhai. Nei Meng and North-east group led by Qiu Pu and Weng Dujian. In the same year of August professor Huang took part in forming a group of investigation on Guangxi ethnics social history. He was vice group leader and head of Zhuang ethnic group, responsible for the whole group's academic investigation work. He led the group making a largest and deepest investigation on ethnic history and traditional culture in Guangxi history. They had collected a lot of valuable materials and laid a foundation for further research on Zhuang ethnic social and historical culture. That was a very important beginning for later development of Zhuang ethnic research and establishment of Guangxi institute of ethnic studies.[24] During three periods of ethnic identification work after 1949,professor Fei Xiaotong, Huang Xianfan, Xia Kangnong and a lot of academic masters and scholars from anthropology and ethnic study circles had made their great contributions. It was upon this research work of national ethnic identification that the State Council could be able to announce there are 56 ethnics in China. This was also a pioneering contribution to Chinese ethnic studies. In the mean time,the world ethnic study circles had noticed this and gave very high comments.[25] This was the reason that ethnic study circles called professor Huang a founder of modern Chinese ethnology.[26]

In July 1978, Huang formed a field investigation team and went to Nongzhou, Pingxiang, Ningming and Congzuo district. They collected a lot of valuable historical materials and studied the mountain frescos of Ningming in situ.

In November 1979, Huang led a field investigation team to Baise, Tianyang, Tiandong and Bama districts to investigate and collect historical materials.

In March 1981, he went to Sichuan to attend the first national seminar on cliff coffin and made academic investigation and collect historical materials there.[27]

Academic ideas[edit]

Historical Notion[edit]

Huang Xianfan had always emphasized "the importance of independent academic research",and take pioneering studies,academic freedom as his lifelong aspirations. His academic principle was "keep honest and not obedient to the authorities".He believed that the motto of academic research was "no authorities,no ends,no prohibitions". Prefessor Chen Jisheng pointed out: "The connotation of Prefessor Huang's academic theory was to connect traditional Chinese history studies with western new history theory in order to complement his favorite Puxue of Qing dynasty, Gu Yanwu's historiography thought with modern American Robinson's "New History". Professor Huang had made a great academic contribution to the New H istory's Practice and Construction in China. His academic works are characterised in connecting western theory of evolution with traditional Chinese theory of Seeking Truth and The Past Serve the Present". Prefessor Huang's lifelong pursuit of academic research was Dialectical unity of historical philosophy and historical science.[28] Huang was consistently critical of works of Chinese general history that were published in the 20th century. He pointed out that those works were lacking descriptions of Chinese ethnicity, as if China's general history is the same as Han's general history. He was fighting the perception that China is only the equivalent of Han. He believed the riddance of the feudal concept ofchauvinism.[29] He publicly opposed dogmatizing, formulizing and regulating Marxism. In 1957, Huang advocated a theory of "lacking of slave society", later on, in 1979 he brought forward a famous academic view: "no slave society in Chinese history". His theory was warmly agreed by most scholars from history circles. They called him "leader of Wunu school".[30]

Ethnic Notion[edit]

Huang Xianfan had consistently argued against ethnic chauvinism. He believed that crux of the ethnic problems was caused by ethnical inequity, which had a major influence on ethnical conflicts in history. Professor Huang advocated the equality of each ethnic of the world and a "spiritual civilization with scientific attitude" on ethnic studies. By active practice, he became a forerunner of Zhuang studies in the 20th century. People therefore called him the "father of Zhuang studies".[31] Based on this, he formed a Huang group of Zhuang studies and the famous Bagui School in Chinese history. The Huang group is a pioneering branch of the Chinese Bagui School of ethnology. It was formed in the 1950s and remains active. The Huang group members include Huang Xianfan and his 18 students, commonly referred to as the Huang Xianfan’s 18 elite disciples. He's these students are professors or researchers work in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, most of whom work in the Guangxi Normal University and Guangxi University for Nationalities. This is an academic group from the Zhuang and Han scholars in combination. Zhuang scholars are Huang Xianfan, Huang Zengqing, Zhang Yiming, Li Guozhu, Su Guanchang, Li Ganfen, Zhou Zongxian, Qin Suguan, Zhou Zuoqiou, Huang Shaoqing, Huang Weicheng, He Yingde, He Longqun, Yu Shijie,Gong Yonghuei, Qin Deqing and Han scholars are Ou Yang Ruoxiou, Xiao Zechang, Zhou Zuoming in this group. The group members focus on the study of history, archeology, culture, folklore, education, literature, historical figures, Dulao system and Chieftain system of the Zhuang.As the all members of this group can speak minority languages, therefore, this group attaches great importance to the field survey. This is the significant academic characteristic of this group.[32]

The Bagui School is an academic group of ethnologists that gathered around Huang Xianfan.It emerged as a school at the Guangxi Normal University in China when Huang Xianfan became a committeeman of Ethnic Affairs Committee of NPC and head of group of investigation on Guangxi ethnics social history in the mid-1950s. It is active in the Chinese ethnology during the second half of the 20th century and up to present. The Bagui School is the first ethnic school in China. It was particularly dominated by professor Huang Xianfan. Many of its members were Zhuang people who loved and cared about their nationality. Members of the school were all scholars who researched the culture and history of Zhuang nationality in Guangxi, they are all from different universities and ethnic research institutes. As consistently opposed to the ethnical chauvinism, it builds its research on an entirely unconventional framework, which is advocated the equality of each ethnic of China and a'spiritual civilization with scientific attitude' on ethnic studies. Members of the school had a common attitude towards Zhuang nationality.Today, the Bagui school of China continues as a school of Ethnology, have spawned several branch schools which also researched the history of Zhuang nationality.

For this reason, Huang Xianfan was also honored by ethnic academic circles as a leader of Bagui School.[33]

Education Notion[edit]

Huang Xianfan's resting place - Guangxi Government Cemetery (The name of the Cemetery was inscribed written personally by Deng Xiaoping)

Huang Xianfan started his research on education when he was an assistant director of Institute for Education Studies in Beijing Normal University. He believed that one of the important meaning of education was to mold students healthy personalities,and knowledge-action unity was a base for doing this. In 1981, he had founded Li Jiang Sparetimecollege, and worked as the college's head master. He was then a forerunner of private sponsord high educational institute in China since 1949.[34] In his forty years teaching career, he always observed a principal aim of education for forming nobal personalities. Mr Liang Chen Ye, the former vice chairman of Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi had once commended that "professor Huang Xiafan had devoted his whole life to chinese high education and was a great master of education of his generation. He was very famous in modern Chinese history".[35] People call Huang Xianfan's family a family of educators,[36] for Mr. and Mrs. Huang and most of their children are teaching in schools or universities.

Academic style[edit]

Professor Huang Xianfan's academic style had three characteristics:1.Pioneering study on history,2. Multi-evidence method 3.New textual research method. Based on Wang Guowei's dual evidence method, Professor Huang had founded his own unique "tri-evidence method", which is a new academic research method that combines archeological materials(physical goods and character), historical documents, ethnological materials (historical remains and oral historical materials) in his textual research on ancient Chinese history and culture.[28]

Major works[edit]

  • Outline of Chinese History. Beijing:Beiping Culture Society, 1932, 1934.
  • Foreign history of high school. Beijing:Beiping Lida Bookstore, 1933.
  • Brief Introduction on Tang Dynasty. ShanghaiCommercial Press, 1936. 1937(Reprint 2009 (Jilin Publishing Group Reprint).
  • Save Nation Movement of Tai-Xue students in Song Dynasty. Shanghai:Commercial Press, 1936, 1956, 1965 (Taipei:Wenxing Bookstore Reprint), 1996 (Shanghai:Shanghai Bookstore Reprint), 2000 (Jilin Publishing Group Reprint).
  • Speech of Chinese History. Nanning:Guangxi University, 1938.
  • Chinese social history in Yin Dynasty. Nanning:Guangxi University, 1950.
  • History of China's feudal society. Nanning:Guangxi University, 1952.
  • Selected Readings in Chinese history books. Guilin:Guangxi Normal University, 1953.
  • Zhuang history of resistance to oppression. Nanning:Guangxi social and historical investigation team, 1957.
  • Brief History of the Zhuang. Nanning:Guangxi Peoples’s Press, 1957.
  • Establishment of the Soviet regime in Youjiang. Guilin:Guangxi Normal University, 1957.
  • Survey of the Guangxi Daxin County Zhuang. Nanning:Guangxi social and historical investigation team, 1957.
  • On the social and historical survey of Guangxi Zhuang. Nanning:Guangxi, social and historical investigation team, 1957.
  • Introduction to classical writings read. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University, 1962.
  • Formation of the Han. Guilin:Guangxi Normal University, 1976.
  • No Slave Society in Chinese History. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University Press, 1981.
  • Nong Zhigao. Nanning: Guangxi Peoples’s Press, 1983, OCLC 298790911, OCLC 565332767, OCLC 53184829, OCLC 865591745
  • General History of the Zhuang. Nanning: Guangxi National Press, 1988. ISBN 7-5363-0422-6/K·13
  • Introduction on Chinese Ancient Books. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University Press, 2004. ISBN 7-5633-4743-7
  • A Critical Biography of Wei Baqun. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-7-5633-7656-8

Major Articles[edit]

The following are the Articles written by Huang Xianfan.

Year Title Publication Journal No.or Date
1932 Farmers live in Yuan Dynasty Social magazine Vol.4, No.1
1932 Slaves live in Yuan Dynasty Social magazine Vol.4, No.2
1932 Historical review on Northeast Progress monthly Vol.1, No.8
1933 History textbook investigation and criticism of China's middle school in last three decades Beijing Normal University monthly No.5
1933 Transfer and shipper in Tang-Song Dynasty Progress monthly Vol.2, No.13
1934 Scheduled castes in Tang Dynasty Beijing Normal University monthly No.13
1935 Political activity of Tai-Xue students in Song Dynasty Beijing Normal University monthly No.1
1936 Northern rebels After the fall of the Northern Song Dynasty Sihuo fortnightly Vol.3, No.5
1936 Hebei Shandong rebels in Southern Song Dynasty final phase Culture-constructing monthly Vol.2, No.5
1936 Oppressed class Hannan peoples in Yuan Dynasty Culture-constructing monthly Vol.2, No.6
1936 Tenant life in Yuan Dynasty Beijing Normal University monthly No.30
1937 A study on the Chinese hair dressing Jingshi fortnightly Vol.1, No.12
1941 Shape and change of the Chinese courtesy Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.3
1941 A study on the evolution of the Chinese etiquette Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.5
1941 No Well-field system in Zhou Dynasty Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.8
1941 Liberation of the serfs and the awakening of the civilian population in Zhanquo Period Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.9
1941 Changes in ancient and modern of the Chinese sitting custom Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.12,16,18,19,20 (Published continuously)
1941 Japanese custom of sitting Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.22,23 (Published continuously)
1941 A Study on the India Buddhist custom of sitting Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.26,27 (Published continuously)
1941 Mongol strange marriage in Yuan Dynasty Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.29,30 (Published continuously)
1941 Strange clothing decoration in Yuan Dynasty Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.30,31,32 (Published continuously)
1941 Taoism political revolution in Han Dynasty Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.34
1941 Three changes of academic thinking in Han Dynasty Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.37
1941 Suiwen emperor in Sui Dynasty Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.40,41 (Published continuously)
1941 Developed manor economy in Zhanquo Period Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.42
1941–1942 A study on the spread of smoking customs Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.43,44,46,48,49,51 (Published continuously)
1942 Drinking customs and the origins of the waitress Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.54,55 (Published continuously)
1942 Origin and spread of tea drinking customs Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.59,60 (Published continuously)
1942 A study on the sweet potato spread Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.60,61 (Published continuously)
1942 Five Marquis in chunqiu period do not respect the Zhou king Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.62,63,65 (Published continuously)
1942 Changes in ancient and modern of the men and women footwear Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.68,70,71 (Published continuously)
1942 A study on the Changes of Chinese clothing Against newspaper, Literature and history Weekly No.71,73,74 (Published continuously)
1942 Guangxi female general on Againsting Japanese invaders in Ming Dynasty Defence Weekly Vol.2, No.4
1942 War History of Againstting enemies in the Han Defence Weekly Vol.4, No.7,9 (Published continuously)
1942 Wu emperor in Han Dynasty to fight for the survival of the Han Defence Weekly Vol.4, No.8
1942 Northern people resistance in Wuhu riots period Defence Weekly Vol.5, No.2,4,5 (Published continuously)
1943 A study on the Chinese clothing of men and women Sun Yat-sen University Quarterly Vol.1, No.1
1943 A study on the eating utensils and eating etiquette Sun Yat-sen University Quarterly Vol.1, No.2
1946–1947 Educational visits in mind of the Qiangui border Guangxi Daily December 29, 1946. January 11,25, 1947 (Published continuously)
1947 Social democracy in Qiangui border Guangxi Daily January 27
1948 The awakening and equality of the civilian population in chunqiu-Zhanquo Period Guangxi University Journal Vol.1, No.1
1955 China's ancient history stages should be re-assessed Guangxi Normal University October 3
1956 Zhuang peoples of the Taiping Rebellion Revolution Guangming Daily May 10
1957 About Zhuangge Guangxi Daily February 10
1957 Situation of the historical distribution in Guangxi Zhuang Guangxi Daily April 19
1962 It is a just war that Nong Zhigao uprising against the Song Guangxi Daily April 2
1962 Chieftain system in western Guangxi History Science Symposium Proceedings of the Zhuang and Yao Vol.1
1963 Zhuang female general Wasi led the army against Japanese invaders The inaugural meeting of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Historical Society Proceedings
1963 Earliest castles in Guangxi Guangxi Daily June 4
1979 A study on the no Slave Society in Chinese History Guangxi Normal University Journal No.2,3
1980 Ancient Guangxi peoples Guilin Daily August 10
1980 Evolution of the Zhuang name Guilin Daily August 27
1981 Inner Mongolia is China's territory since the Qin and Han Guangxi Normal University Journal No.2
1981 Zhuang leader Nong Zhigao in uprising and its impact History of Chinese ethnic relations Academic Symposium Proceedings
1981 A study on the Zhuang another name Wu Hu Studies Reference of Ethnics in Guangxi Vol.1
1982 On the differences and similarities between Baiyue and Baipu Ideological front No.2
1983 Guangxi Ningming Huashan fresco and burial caves Study of Ethnics in Southwest Sichuan National Press
1985 On the Dong Son drums making and pattern Academic Forum No.9
1985 A new study on the Dong Son drums and its pattern Studies Reference of Ethnics in Guangxi Vol.5
2007 Building of the Chinese life science Social Science in Guangxi No.9
2007 Some experiences reviews and the ponder that I investigate and study nearly 40 years to the nationality Study of Ethnics in Guangxi Phase.3,4 (Published continuously)
2008 On the origin and evolution of the West Ethnic words Social Science in Guangxi No.1-9
2008 Thirteen years through thick and thin Affection of the Guangxi University Guangxi Art Press
  • Data source:Huang Xianfan. Introduction on Chinese Ancient Books. Guilin:Guangxi Normal University Press, 2004.p. 560-567(works and articles catalog).[37]


  1. ^ "Educational celebrities:Huang Xianfan -世纪华育教育网". Archived from the original on 2013-08-24.
  2. ^ Huang Xianfan. The Introduction on Chinese Ancient Books. (preface 2 by Chikada Sigeyugi), Guilin:Guangxi Normal University Press, 2004. p.3. ISBN 7-5633-4743-7
  3. ^ Huang Xianfan. The Introduction on Chinese Ancient Books. (preface 3 by Mark, Bender), Guilin:Guangxi Normal University Press, (2004). p.5. ISBN 7-5633-4743-7
  4. ^ Huang Xianfan, ed. General History of Zhuang Nationality. (preface by Qin Yingji) Nanning: Guangxi national Press,1988.p.2. ISBN 7-5363-0422-6/K·13
  5. ^ Chen Jisheng. On Bagui School of Chinese Ethnology. Nanning: Guangxi Social Sciences, Issue 7-11, 2008. ISSN 1004-6917
  6. ^ "A founders of modern Chinese ethnology:Huang Xianfan -中国网". Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  7. ^ Huang Xianfan. Autobiography. 100th Anniversary Anthology of the professor Huang Xianfan (Autobiography by Huang Xianfan), Guilin: Guangxi Normal University, 1999.p.1-2.
  8. ^ Huang Xianfan. Thirteen years through thick and thin (op. posth.). Memoirs of Guangxi University teachers and students, Nanning: Guangxi Arts Press, 2008.p.102-121. ISBN 978-7-80746-158-6/G·240
  9. ^ Peng Yongguang. Huang Xianfan's Academic Life and Anecdotes. Memoirs in Guangxi University, Guilin: Lijiang Press, 2011. p. 97-132. ISBN 978-7-5407-5058-9
  10. ^ First University Professor of Zhuang Nationality:Huang Xianfan. Nanning:Guangxi ethnic newspaper, No.381, December 31, 1999.
  11. ^ "first university professor of Guangxi Chongzuo: Huang Xianfan -中国西部开发网". Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2013-07-15.
  12. ^ Japan's Research Office of the Cabinet Secretariat. List of important figures in organization of the People's Republic of China. (National Affairs References), No.30. December 10, 1957. p.46,55.
  13. ^ Appointment by Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China, Appointment No:7286, signed by Premier Zhou Enlai in April 3, 1953.
  14. ^ People's Daily. 2 February 1958 version 1.
  15. ^ Phoenix New Media-big rightists of China.
  16. ^ Huang Xianfan, Gan Wenjie, Gan Wenhao. A Critical Biography of Wei Baqun.(Adduction Huang Xianfan's Biography) Guilin:Guangxi Normal University Press, 2008. p.1. ISBN 978-7-5633-7656-8
  17. ^ Institute for studies on Chinese Baiyue Ethnic History. source:Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  18. ^ Huang Xianfan. The Introduction on Chinese Ancient Books. (preface1 by Wei Chúnshu), Guilin:Guangxi Normal University Press, 2004. p.1. ISBN 7-5633-4743-7
  19. ^ Celebrity biography of the Republic of China. Taipei: Biography Literature, Vol.72, No.1, 1998.pp.142-144.
  20. ^ Guangxi Normal University have established scholarships of Huang Xianfan. Nanning:Guangxi Daily, November 26, 1999.
  21. ^ Yang Xiong. Huang Xianfan's biography. Biography Literary, Vol. 1, Taipei, 1998, p. 69-73.
  22. ^ Xu Junhui. Style forever - 100th Anniversary of the professor Huang Xianfan, Nanning: Literature and history in Guangxi, No.2, 1999.p.69.
  23. ^ "Study of Ethnics in Guangxi" Editorial department. Create zhuang studies, Sincere dedication - 100th Anniversary of the Huang Xianfan. Nanning: Guangxi ethnic studies, Vol.58, No.4, 1999. ISSN 1004-454X
  24. ^ Zhang Yiming. Miss my teacher professor Huang Xianfan . 100th Anniversary Anthology of the professor Huang Xianfan, Guilin: Guangxi Normal University, 1999.p.12-17.
  25. ^ Anthropology and Ethnology Studies had a Contribution to the New China. Beijing:Chinese ethnic, No.5, 2008.
  26. ^ "A founder of modern Chinese ethnology:Huang Xianfan". Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  27. ^ Huang Xianfan. Some experiences reviews and the ponder that Iinvestigate and study nearly 40 years to the nationality. Nanning: Guangxi ethnic studies Vol.89-90, No.3 - 4,2007. ISSN 1004-454X
  28. ^ a b Chen Jisheng. Research on Zhuang's famous historian Huang Xianfan contributes to practice and the construction of Chinese "New history" of the 20th century. Nanning: Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, Vol.87, No.1, 2007.ISSN 1004-454X
  29. ^ Professor Huang was as a bourgeois rightist by criticism. People's Daily and Guangxi Daily, a Series of the critical essays from August to November 1957.
  30. ^ "Chen Jisheng. On Wunu School of Chinese Historiography, July 1, 2010". Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  31. ^ Mo Jun. A father of Zhuang studies. Nanning:Guangxi's daily, 3 September 2002.
  32. ^ Li Wentao. The founder of the Zhuang historiography: Huang Xianfan. Guilin Daily, March 27, 2002.
  33. ^ Chen Jisheng. On Bagui School of Chinese Ethnology. Nanning:Guangxi Social Sciences, No.7-11,2008.ISSN 1004-6917
  34. ^ Lin Su. Professor Huang Xianfan's Educational achievement. 100th Anniversary Anthology of the professor Huang Xianfan, Guilin: Guangxi Normal University, 1999.p.12-17.
  35. ^ Huang Xianfan, ed.A Critical Biography of Wei Baqun.(preface 2 by Liang Chenye), Guilin: Guangxi Normal University Press, 2008.p.7 ISBN 978-7-5633-7656-8
  36. ^ Deng Bingying. Self Stimulation in Later Years. Normal education elites, XianShanxi People Education Press,Vol.14,p.26,1994. ISBN 7-5419-5984-7/G·5154
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