Due to thousands of years of geological evolution, Huanglong consists of numerous unique landscapes of geological landforms. Glacial revolution, terrane structure, stratum of carbonic acid rock, tufa water and climatic conditions such as Arctic-alpine sun light have created this world-famous travertine landscape. These accumulated travertine landscapes and pools are Huanglong's main attraction.
Huanglong covers an area of 1830 km2 at an altitude between 1700m and 5588m. Major scenic areas include:
Huanglong Valley 黄龙沟
Danyun Gorge (Red Cloud Gorge) 丹云峽
Muni Valley 牟尼沟
Xuebaoding (Snow Mountain Peak) 雪宝鼎 – 5588m
Xueshan Ridge (Snow Mountain Ridge) 雪山梁 – 4007m, the highest point on the road from Jiuhuang Airport to Huanglong Valley.
The total length of the travertine in Huanglong Valley is 3.6 km and it is thought to look like a huge golden dragon wheeling through the snow-capped mountains of the valley. The main landscapes are travertine banks, colorful ponds and travertine waterfalls and caves. The main body of water starts from the ancient Buddhist/Benbo temple at the top of the valley and ends at the Guests Welcome Pond in the north with a length of 2.5 km and a width of 30–170m. The colours of Huanglong’s waters consist of yellows, greens, blues and browns.