Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Huangnan Prefecture
黃南州 · རྨ་ལྷོ་ཁུལ།
Autonomous prefectures
黄南藏族自治州 · རྨ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་
Location of Huangnan Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Huangnan Prefecture in Qinghai
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Prefecture seat Tongren County
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 黄南藏族自治州; traditional Chinese: 黃南藏族自治州; pinyin: Huángnán Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu; Tibetan: རྨ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་Wylie: rma lho bod rigs rang skyong khul) is an autonomous prefecture of eastern Qinghai, China, bordering Gansu to the east. The prefecture has area of 17,921 km2 (6,919 sq mi) and its seat is in Tongren County.


According to the 2000 census, Huangnan has 214,642 inhabitants with a population density of 11.98 inhabitants/km² (31.03 inhabitants/sq. mi.).

Ethnic groups in Huangnan, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Tibetan 142,360 66.32%
Mongol 29,071 13.54%
Hui 16,411 7.65%
Han 16,194 7.54%
Tu/Monguor 8,445 3.93%
Salar 1,530 0.71%
Others 631 0.31%


The prefecture is subdivided into 4 county-level divisions: 3 counties and 1 autonomous county:

Map # Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
Huangnan mcp.png
1 Tongren County 同仁县 Tóngrén Xiàn Official: ཐུང་རིན་རྫོང་།
(རེབ་གོང་རྫོང་། or རེ་སྐོང་རྫོང་།)
thung rin rdzong
Tungrin Zong
92,601 3,465 26.72
2 Jainca County 尖扎县 Jiānzhā Xiàn གཅན་ཚ་རྫོང་། gcan tsha rdzong
Jainca Zong
55,325 1,712 32.31
3 Zêkog County 泽库县 Zékù Xiàn རྩེ་ཁོག་རྫོང་། rtse khog rdzong
Zêkog Zong
69,416 6,494 10.68
4 Henan Mongol Autonomous County 河南蒙古族
Hénán Měnggǔzú
རྨ་ལྷོ་སོག་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང་། rma lho sog rigs
rang skyong rdzong

Malho Sogrig
Ranggyong Zong
39,37 6,250 6.29

Rongwo Monastery[edit]

Huangnan is home to Rongwo Monastery, a Gelug monastery initially established in 1341 in Amdo on the Rongwo River.[1][2]

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

Coordinates: 35°31′36″N 102°00′50″E / 35.5267°N 102.014°E / 35.5267; 102.014