Pu Jiang (浦江)
Chunshen Jiang (春申江)
Shen Jiang (申江)
|Native name||黄浦江 (Chinese)|
|• location||Qingpu, Shanghai, China|
|Baoshan, Shanghai, China|
|Length||113 km (70 mi)|
|• average||180 m3/s (6,400 cu ft/s)|
|• left||Suzhou Creek|
The Huangpu (pronunciation (help·info)), formerly romanized as Whangpoo, is an artificial 113-kilometer-long (70 mi) river flowing north through Shanghai that was first excavated and created by Lord Chunshen, one of the Four Lords of the Warring States. It is the last significant tributary of the Yangtze before the Yangtze empties into the East China Sea. The Bund and Lujiazui are located along the Huangpu River.
The Huangpu is the largest river in central Shanghai, with the Suzhou Creek being its major tributary. It is on average 400 meters (1,312 ft) wide and 9 meters (30 ft) deep, and divides the city into two regions: Puxi ("west of Huangpu"), the traditional city center, and Pudong ("east of Huangpu").
- Fengpu Bridge
- Lupu Bridge, opened 2003.
- Minpu Bridge
- Minpu Bridge No. 2
- Nanpu Bridge, opened 1991.
- Songpu Bridge, opened 1975 railway, 1976 highway.
- Songpu Bridge No. 2
- Songpu Bridge No. 3
- Xupu Bridge, opened 1997.
- Yangpu Bridge, opened 1993.
The following roadways, highways, and railways also cross the Huangpu River via a bridge:
- G1503 Shanghai Ring Expressway
- G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway
- G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway
- Zhufeng Highway
- Huqingping Highway
- Shanghai–Hangzhou railway
There are several roadways which cross the Huangpu River via a tunnel, including:
- Bund Sightseeing Tunnel
- Dalian Road tunnel
- Dapu Road tunnel
- East Fuxing Road tunnel
- East Yan'an Road tunnel
- Jiangpu Road tunnel (planned)
- Jungong Road tunnel
- Longyao Road tunnel
- Lujiabang Road tunnel (planned)
- Luoxiu Road tunnel (planned)
- Nenjiang Road tunnel (planned)
- Outer Ring Road tunnel
- Renmin Road tunnel
- Shangzhong Road tunnel
- South Hongmei Road tunnel
- South Wanping Road tunnel (planned)
- South Xizang Road tunnel
- West Changjiang Road tunnel (under construction)
- Xiangyin Road tunnel
- Xinjian Road tunnel
- Yinxing Road tunnel (planned)
- Zhoujiazui Road tunnel (planned)
- Sladen, Douglas (1895), "Bits of China", The Japs at Home, 5th ed., New York: New Amsterdam Book Co., pp. 276–354.