Huangyao

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Huangyao

黄姚镇
View from a garden in Huangyao with a pavilion in the foreground and a hill in the background
View from a garden in Huangyao
Huangyao is located in Guangxi
Huangyao
Huangyao
Location in Guangxi
Coordinates: 24°14′52″N 111°12′04″E / 24.24778°N 111.20111°E / 24.24778; 111.20111Coordinates: 24°14′52″N 111°12′04″E / 24.24778°N 111.20111°E / 24.24778; 111.20111
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionGuangxi
Prefecture-level cityHezhou
CountyZhaoping County
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Huangyao (Chinese: 黄姚; pinyin: Huángyáo) is a town in Zhaoping County, Guangxi, China. It has a new and an old part of the town; the old town of Huangyao (黄姚古镇) has a history of around a thousand years, and many of its buildings date from the Qing dynasty.[1]

History[edit]

It is believed that settlement of the Huangyao area began during the Song dynasty in the Kaibao era (968 – 977) of Emperor Taizu. The name Huangyao was first recorded in the Huangyou era (1049–1053) of Emperor Renzong when general Yang Wenguang passed through Zhaoping to pacify Guangxi,[2] and the place was named after the two most common surnames of the locals living in the area – Huang and Yao.[3][4]

The town first developed during the reign of Wanli Emperor (1572 – 1620) of the Ming dynasty, and it prospered during the reign of Qianlong Emperor (1735 – 1796) in the Qing dynasty. As a result, it has many buildings from the Qing and Ming eras, numbering at over 300.[5] The town was part of a number of administrative divisions throughout its history; today Huangyao includes both an old town and a new district.[2] Many of the buildings in the old town have stayed relatively unchanged in the modern era, and it began to develop as a tourist destination in the late 1990s and early 2000s. It was listed as one the 50 most worthwhile places to visit in China in 2006.[2][6]

Description[edit]

A lane in the old town of Huangyao lined with houses typical of the area

Huangyao is surrounded by karst peaks and traversed by streams. There are many bridges, and the streets are paved with slate.[5] There are over 30 temples, ancestral halls and pavilions in the old town of Huangyao. Many of the buildings are doubled-storied with simple construction in bricks and black tiles.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Huangyao has a population of around 50,000,[7] covering an area that included many villages.[8] Most of the people live in the new part of the town, with only around 2,000 remaining in the old town as many have moved into the new district.[2]

Popular media[edit]

Because of its picturesque location and old buildings, the old town of Huangyao has been used as a setting for a number of television dramas and films, such as the 2006 film The Painted Veil and the 2001 television drama Country Spirit.[1][9][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Rough Guide to Southwest China. Rough Guides. pp. 335–336. ISBN 9781405393577.
  2. ^ a b c d 徐赣丽. 文化遗产在当代中国:来自田野的民俗学研究. ISBN 9787516149874.
  3. ^ a b "Huang Yao Ancient Town". Yangshuo Insider.
  4. ^ a b 陈建魁, 黄百鸣. 黄姓简史. ISBN 9787210066651.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b "黄姚古镇简介". 昭平县人民政府.
  6. ^ "广西壮族自治区贺州昭平县黄姚镇".
  7. ^ "黄姚镇". City Population.
  8. ^ "Zoning codes and urban-rural division codes for statistics: Huangyao". National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China) (in Chinese).
  9. ^ "Huangyao". Lonely Planet.

External links[edit]