Hubli

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For the Indian film, see Hubli (film).
Hubballi
ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ
City
Hubballi
Hubli
Hubli
Nickname(s): Chota Mumbai,[1] Twin cities, Hubballi-Dharwad
Hubballi is located in Karnataka
Hubballi
Hubballi
Hubballi is located in India
Hubballi
Hubballi
Location of Hubli
Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E / 15.36167; 75.08500Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E / 15.36167; 75.08500
Country  India
State Karnataka
Government
 • Mayor Smt Manjula R Akkur
Area
 • Total 806.48 km2 (311.38 sq mi)
Elevation 671 m (2,201 ft)
Population (2011) 2,541,980
 • Rank 50
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Pincode(s) 580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad west end)
Area code(s) +91-836
Vehicle registration KA 25 (Dharwad RTO)
KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)
Official language Kannada
Website http://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.in

Hubli, officially known as Hubballi is the second largest city in Karnataka. It forms continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad.

Hubli-Dharwad is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore and is located 85 kilometres south of Maharashtra-Karnataka border.

The name Hubballi literally means "Flowering creeper" in Kannada. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka region. Crops including cotton, chilly and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading centre for these commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway Zone and the Hubli Railway Division. Hubli is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation.

Hubli also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bangalore[citation needed], Hubli-Dharwad is selected for Solar City / Green City Master Plans[2]

History[edit]

"Hoovina Balli" became Hubballi Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi' was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jaina basti. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron. Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by Shivaji in 1673. The Mughals conquered Rayara Hubli and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli.

Hubli's famous Moorusavira Matha is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period. Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Nawab of Savanur in 1755-56. In the following years, Hubli was conquered by Hyder Ali, only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan. The British took Old Hubli from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India.

The impressive Chandramauleshwara/ Chaturlinga temple in Unkal are of Chalukyan times.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Hubli-Dharwad, as per provisional census 2011 figures, is 1,349,563.[3] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298; and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The corporation covers 202 km2. It is the second largest and second most populated city in the state of Karnataka. It has a large floating population of over 2 lakh which stands second after Bangalore in Karnataka.[citation needed].Kannada is the major language spoken in the city. According to the 2011 census, 184,745 people reside in slums in Hubli-Dharwad, which is 19.57% of the total population.[4]

Circle frame.svg

Religions in Hubli-Dharwad

source: Hubli-Dharwad Census 2011 data

  Hindus (67.44%)
  Muslims (27.15%)
  Christians (2.79%)
  Jains (1.61%)
  Not Stated (0.57%)
  Sikh (0.14%)
  Buddhist (0.07%)
  Other (0.22%)

Climate[edit]

Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli is 640 meters above M.S.L. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.[5]

Climate data for Hubli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
31.7
(89.1)
34.5
(94.1)
36
(97)
34.5
(94.1)
28.2
(82.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
29.94
(85.93)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.5
(61.7)
14.3
(57.7)
18.67
(65.67)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
40
(1.57)
60
(2.36)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
200
(7.87)
110
(4.33)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
0
(0)
870
(34.24)
Source: source=YR

Hubballi-Dharwad Municipal Corporation[edit]

Hubballi-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometres. The area covered by the corporation is 202.3 km2. spread over 45 revenue villages and is the second largest city corporation in Karnataka after Bangalore. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 12 lakhs. Hubballi Municipal Council was established Under the Government of India Act of 1850 and the Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. Both were merged later and after the capital city of Bengaluru, this is the second largest city Corporation in the State.[6][6]

Economy[edit]

Main article: Economy of Hubli

Hubli is the commercial hub of Karnataka, it has a wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries.[7] The Government of India has set up a Software Technology park of India on PuneBangalore Road and Aryabhata Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest-based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products including cotton, groundnut and oil seeds, besides manganese ore and granite. The establishment of new-generation diesel locomotive shed in the city by Indian Railways was another major boost for development of Industries in this region as this was first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel locomotive shed at Hubli is the largest holder of EMD locomotive in India and was set up in 1880. The agricultural produce market of Hubli at Amargol is one of the largest markets in Asia and the cotton market of Hubli is among the largest in India.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli railway station

Air[edit]

Hubli Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is one of the operational airports in north Karnataka. Air Pegasus and Air India operates 2 flights each to Bangalore. Air Pegasus started its operation from 13/04/2015 from Hubli to Bengaluru. Air India is planning to start its operations to Mumbai soon.[citation needed] The airport is currently being upgraded to an international airport and a sanction of Rs 160 crore has been made available for this purpose.[8]

Rail[edit]

Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli Division. The Hubli Division is one of the highest revenue generating divisions in India.[citation needed] Hubli is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network.[citation needed] Several express, superfast (most notably the Siddhaganga Intercity Express) and Jan Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country. An upcoming monorail project at Hubli city is set to boost the intercity transport.[9]

Road[edit]

Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli - Humnabad) which connect Hubli with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities go to every part of Karnataka, neighbouring states, and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and other major cities. A bus rapid-transit system (BRTS) is under construction in Hubli. It will have a length of 70 km and is being built on an eight-lane expressway between Hubli and Dharwad. It will be funded by government of Karnataka and will be managed by HDBRTS Company.

Education[edit]

Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences

Hubli is well provided with pre-university, engineering colleges as well as universities The city has 4 universities.Karnatak University, Karnataka State Law University, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), and University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, are situated in Dharwad. The District Institute of Education and Training (DIET), a 150-year-old institute, is a premier teachers training institute in India.

Media[edit]

Hubli is home to a number of dailies. The twin cities have been the centre for publishing newspapers and magazines. Famous dailies include Deccan Herald, Indian Express, The Hindu, The Times Of India,Horanadu, Kannada Prabha, Prajawani, Samyukta Karnataka, Vishwavani and Vijaya Karnataka Web Design Royale(Digital Media).[10]

The city is also the home of Uttara Karnataka Film Chamber of Commerce, for boosting Kannada film industry.

Culture and society[edit]

Chandramouleshwara Temple

Hubli-Dharwad is known as cultural, educational and music capital of Karnataka.[11] It has produced some of the most well-known Hindustani music exponents including Mallikarjun Mansur, Bhimsen Joshi, Gangubai Hangal and Basavaraj Rajguru and poets D. R. Bendre and V. K. Gokak.


Places of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raggi Mudde. "Hubli – The Commercial Hub Explored". Karnataka.com. 
  2. ^ "Ministry of New and Renewable Energy - Solar / Green Cities". mnre.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Hubli and Dharwad City Census 2011 data". Census 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2017. 
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ a b [3]
  7. ^ "'Twin cities emerging as SME hub'". The Times of India. 
  8. ^ "Hubli Airport expansion takes off after seven years". timesofindia-economictimes. 
  9. ^ BS Reporter (12 September 2012). "Monorail proposed in Hubli-Dharwad". 
  10. ^ http://epaper.newindianexpress.com/c/3412690
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ User, Super. "Sri Siddharoodha Matha Trust | Sri Siddharoodha Matha Trust - History | Sri Siddharoodha Matha Trust". srisiddharoodhaswamiji.com. Retrieved 2016-03-26. 
  13. ^ "Moorusavir Matth, Hubli - Wikimapia". wikimapia.org. Retrieved 2016-03-26. 

External links[edit]