Hubli

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Hubli
Metropolis
Hubballi
Rani Chennamma Circle, Hubballi
Rani Chennamma Circle, Hubballi
Nickname(s): Chota Mumbai,[1]
Hubli is located in Karnataka
Hubli
Hubli
Location of Hubballi
Hubli is located in India
Hubli
Hubli
Hubli (India)
Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E / 15.36167; 75.08500Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E / 15.36167; 75.08500
Country India
StateKarnataka
Government
 • MayorSri D K Chavan
Area
 • Total213 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation671 m (2,201 ft)
Population (2011)943,857
 • Rank50(India) Rank - 2nd (Karnataka)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad west end)
Area code(s)+91-0836
Vehicle registrationKA 25 (Navanagar RTO)
KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)
Official languageKannada
Websitehttp://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.in

Hubli (also called Hubballi) is the second largest city in the state of Karnataka. It forms a continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad. Hubballi-Dharwad is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore.

The name "Hubballi" literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada[2]. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka region. Crops including cotton, chili pepper and peanuts are grown in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading centre for these commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway zone and the Hubli Railway Division. Hubballi is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation.

Hubballi also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bengaluru[3]. In 2016, Hubli-Dharwad was selected for solar city / green city master plans.[4] Recently, Hubballi-Dharwad City was selected for a smart city project.

History[edit]

Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi', was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jain basti. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron. Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by Shivaji in 1673. The Mughals conquered Rayara Hubli and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli.

Hubli's famous Moorusavira Matha is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period. Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Nawab of Savanur in 1755-56. In the following years, Hubli was conquered by Hyder Ali, only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan. The British took Old Hubli from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India.[5]

The impressive Chandramauleshwara/Chaturlinga temples in Unkal are from Chalukyan times.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Hubli-Dharwad, as per provisional census 2011 figures, is 1,349,563.[6] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298; and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The corporation covers 202 km2. It is the second largest and second most populated city in the state of Karnataka. It has a large floating population of over 2 lakh, which stands second after Bangalore in Karnataka.[citation needed] Kannada is the major language spoken in the city. The average literacy rate of the city stands at 86.79%, of which Male literacy is 91.12% and female literacy is 84.44%[7]

Religion in Hubballi
(Census 2011)[8]
Hinduism
69%
Islam
27%
Christianity
2%
Others
2%

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli is 640 meters above sea level. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.[9]

Climate data for Hubli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
31.7
(89.1)
34.5
(94.1)
40.0
(104)
38.5
(101.3)
28.2
(82.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
27.0
(80.6)
25.0
(77)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.5
(61.7)
14.3
(57.7)
19.3
(66.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
40
(1.57)
60
(2.36)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
200
(7.87)
110
(4.33)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
0
(0)
870
(34.24)
Source: [10]

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation[edit]

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers. The area covered by the corporation is 202.3 km2 spread over 45 revenue villages and is the second largest city corporation in Karnataka after Bengalooru. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 700,000. The present population is more than 1.2 million. Hubli Municipal Council was established under the Government of India Act of 1850, and the Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. Both were merged later. [11][11]

Economy[edit]

Hubli is the commercial hub of Karnataka. It has a wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries.[12] The Government of India has set up a Software Technology park of India on PuneBengaluru Road and Aryabhata Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest-based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products including cotton, groundnut and oil seeds, as well as manganese ore and granite.

The establishment of a new-generation diesel locomotive shed in the city by Indian Railways was another major boost for development of industries in this region, as it was first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel locomotive shed at Hubli is the largest holder of EMD locomotives in India and was set up in 1880.[13] The agricultural produce market of Hubli at Amargol is one of the largest markets in Asia and the cotton market of Hubli is among the largest in India.

Wallace Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. has established its manufacturing unit at Dharwad, near Hubli.[14]

Education[edit]

B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology

Hubballi, along with Dharwad, its twin city, is a major education center in Karnataka, housing a number of renowned educational institutions:

  • The Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubballi, was set up in 1957 and is in the forefront of research and education in the field of medical sciences. The institute also houses one of the largest hospitals in India.

Transport[edit]

Hubballi Airport

Air[edit]

Hubli Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is one of the major operational airports serving north Karnataka and is an international airport. The airport was upgraded to 300 pax per time, but owing to the increased number of passengers, there is a proposal to upgrade it to another 300 pax. Hubballi is well connected to major cities in India by air, including Bengalooru, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Goa, Kochi and Mangalooru. Air India, Spicejet, Indigo and Alliance Air are currently operating flights to and from these destinations. Star Air is expected to start its services to Delhi (Hindon), Pune and Tirupati from November, 2018. [15]

Rail[edit]

The city currently has 4 stations and one Junction. The Hubli Junction railway station is the main railway station in the city with a built up area of 161460 sq.ft. [2].The other stations are Hubballi South, Unkal, Amargol and Navalur. Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli Division. The Hubli Division is one of the highest revenue generating divisions in India. Hubli is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several express, superfast (most notably the Siddhaganga Intercity Express) and Jan Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country.[16]

South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli railway station

Road[edit]

Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli - Humnabad) which connect Hubli with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities go to every part of Karnataka, neighboring states, and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and other major cities. A semi-ring road is sanctioned to the city. This road connects NH-52 (Solapur road), NH-63 (Gadag road), Mumbai-Chennai N.H-4, and finally connects to Karwar road St Santosh Nagar area.

HDBRTS[edit]

A bus rapid-transit system (BRTS) has been planned to improve the connectivity between the twin cities of Hubballi and Dharwad. HDBRTS named "Chigari Metro On Road" are airconditioned buses. It is the first of its kind in Karnataka. It will have a length of 70 km and is being built on an eight-lane expressway between Hubballi and Dharwad. It is funded by the World Bank and managed by HDBRTS Company. Currently, the trial run has started from 2nd of October, 2018 and full-fledged services are expected to start by November 1st, 2018. The twin cities of Hubballi and Dharwad are well connected by NWKRTC city buses. The plan is to carve out the city buses from NWKRTC and form a separate corporation on the lines of BMTC in Bengalooru[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raggi Mudde. "Hubli – The Commercial Hub Explored". Karnataka.com.
  2. ^ http://www.bonvoyagetravel.com/location/dharwad
  3. ^ http://www.autocarpro.in/news-national/safexpress-expands-logistics-network-locations-hubli-park-29159
  4. ^ "Ministry of New and Renewable Energy - Solar / Green Cities". mnre.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  5. ^ "Hubli | Sightseeing in Hubli | History of Hubli | How to Reach Hubli". Karnataka.com. 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/437-hubli-and-dharwad-.html
  8. ^ "Hubballi Religion 2011". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  10. ^ YR
  11. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  12. ^ "'Twin cities emerging as SME hub'". The Times of India.
  13. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/mec_engg/downloads/DLS/swr/Brief%20history%20of%20the%20shed-UBL.pdf
  14. ^ "Wallace Laboratories, Dharwad, Karnataka". Wallace Pharma. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Hubli Airport". Asian Age. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  16. ^ BS Reporter (12 September 2012). "Monorail proposed in Hubli-Dharwad".
  17. ^ "HDBRTS | Home". www.hdbrts.co.in. Retrieved 2017-09-24.

External links[edit]