Hubli–Dharwad

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Hubli-Dharwad
Karnataka-University-Dharwad.jpg
Two fort gates inner.JPG
Chandramouleshware Temple.JPG
Hubballi Airport new Terminal.jpg
clockwise from top: Karnatak University, Gate of Dharwad Fort, Hubli Airport, Chandramouleshwara Temple
CountryIndia
StateKarnataka
Population
 • Twin city943,857
 • RankIndia : 59
Karnataka : 3
 • Metro
943,857
Unkal Lake

Hubli and Dharwad are twin cities in the Indian state of Karnataka. Hubli-Dharwad form the second-largest municpality of Karnataka in terms of area, after capital Bangalore and second largest city after Bangalore.[1] Hubli–Dharwad makes up for the third largest urban agglomeration in the state after Bangalore and Mysore.[2] While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka. The cities have a single municipal corporation called Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC).[3]

Demographics[edit]

The population of the twin cities as per provisional figures of Census 2011 is 943,857 and is urban.[4] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased by 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The municipality covers 213 km2.

Population Growth of Hubli–Dharwad 
CensusPopulation
190181,143
191191,03112.2%
1921100,99210.9%
1931124,39823.2%
1941143,50415.4%
1951196,18036.7%
1961248,48926.7%
1971379,16652.6%
1981527,10839.0%
1991648,29823.0%
2001786,19521.3%
2011943,85720.1%
Source: Census of India[5]
Population Growth of Hubli 
CensusPopulation
190159,913
191161,4402.5%
192166,7728.7%
193183,49425.0%
194195,51214.4%
1951129,60935.7%
1961171,32632.2%
2001533,820
Source: Census of India[5][6]
Population Growth of Dharwad 
CensusPopulation
190121,230
191129,59139.4%
192134,22015.6%
193140,90419.5%
194147,99217.3%
195166,57138.7%
196177,16315.9%
2001252,375
Source: Census of India[5][6]

Administration[edit]

Hubli - Dharwad municipal corporation[edit]

Hubli–Dharwad Municipal Corporation is municipal corporation for twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad in Karnataka state in India. It was constituted in 1962 by combining two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers. The area covered by the corporation is 181.66 km². spread over 45 revenue villages. The population of the twin cities as per the 2011 census is 943,857 of which 475,980 are males and 467,877 are female. Total literates are 736,506 of which 389,290 are males while 347,216 are female. The average literacy rate of Hubli and Dharwad city is 87.28 percent of which male and female literacy was 91.67 and 82.83.[7][8] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The municipality covers 191 km².

Economy[edit]

Industrial and business development[edit]

Hubli-Dharwad is a developing industrial hub in Karnataka after Bangalore & Mangalore, with more than 1000 allied small and medium industries established in Gokul Road[9] and Tarihal[10] regions of Hubli. There are machine tools industries, electrical, steel furniture, food products, rubber and leather industries, and tanning industries.

To promote the overall economic development of industries, institutions and businesses, the Karnataka Chamber of Commerce & Industry[11] was formed. It is one of the premier associations, which has been gaining momentum in achieving potential growth and prosperity in Hubli region.[12] One key aspect of industrialisation for Hubballi-Dharwad was foundation of Agricultural Produce Market Committee, which aimed at providing hassle-free market conditions for farmers, to establish regulated and stimulated production of agricultural related commodities and goods.[13][14]

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Hubli Airport

Hubli Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is a domestic airport serving the twin cities of Hubli-Dharwad and North Karnataka in the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on Gokul Road, 8 kilometres from city center and 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Dharwad. It is the third busiest airport in Karnataka after Bangalore and Mangalore (both are international airports), the 45th busiest airport in India. In March 2020, Hubli airport received the best airport award under government of India's Regional connectivity scheme.[15] Hubli airport connects to 10 destinations throughout the country. Efforts are being taken to upgrade it to international standards.[16] [17]

Rail[edit]

South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli railway station

The city currently has four stations and one Junction. The Hubli Junction railway station is the main railway station in the city with a built-up area of 161460 sq. ft.[18] The other stations are Hubli South, Hubli East, Unkal, and Amargol. Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli Division. The Hubli Division is one of the highest revenue-generating divisions in India. Hubli is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several express, superfast and Jan Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country.[19] In November 2019, the work for extending a platform was undertaken by the Railways at the estimated cost of 90 Cr. According to railway officials, the length of the renewed platform is estimated at 1,400 meters, which would be longest in the world. The work is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2020.[20] Hubbali also has a Heritage Rail museum. The Indian Railways currently has 11 railway museums across the country. For bringing glory to the proposed Rail Museum, narrow-gauge Railway Rolling Stocks, from different Railways are being displayed and work is moving at a rapid pace. It is proposed to collect photographs of Rail network going back to the 19th and early 20th century so that all old memories of Rail Journey can be part of the photo gallery in the proposed Rail Heritage Museum.[21]

Road[edit]

Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola–Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli–Humnabad), which connect Hubli with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state-run corporation headquartered at Hubli. A semi ring road connecting NH4 (Pune–Bangalore), NH67 (Ankola–Gooty) and NH218 (Hubli–Humnabad) is already under construction.

Hubli-Dharwad Bus Rapid Transit System[edit]

Hdbrt2.jpg

Hubballi-Dharwad BRTS (also known as HDBRTS) is a bus rapid transit system built to serve the twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad, located in the North-Western part of Karnataka state in India. Hubballi-Dharwad BRTS (HDBRTS) project is a Government of Karnataka initiative to foster long-term economic growth in the region. The project promotes fast, safe, comfortable, convenient and affordable public transportation between the twin cities and aims to reduce congestion and air pollution in the region.

The length of the Hubballi-Dharwad BRTS corridor is 22.25 km (13.83 mi) from CBT Hubli to CBT–Dharwad with the width of the cross-sections ranging from 44 to 35 m (144 to 115 ft). The BRTS corridor includes segregated bus lanes, access-controlled bus stations, physical and fare integration with BRT feeder services, off-board ticketing through smart cards and bar-coded paper tickets, intelligent transport system and high-quality buses (Standard AC buses). The corridor is designed for operating regular and express services. It consists of two lanes for BRTS buses on either side of the median bus station facilitating overtaking lanes for express services. Foot overbridges at six locations, PELICAN signals, and synchronised signal management are proposed to facilitate the easy approach of passengers to bus stations.[22]

Education[edit]

B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology

Hubli, along with Dharwad, its twin city, is an education centre in Karnataka, housing several educational institutions including one of the sixteen IITs and one of twenty five IIITs:

Notable people[edit]

North Karnataka is known for the Hindustani music.[clarification needed][23] Dharwad district is the place which produced national and international level musicians like Mallikarjun Mansur, Gangubai Hangal, and winner of the Bharat Ratna award, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi.

Award winners[edit]

The national level award winners.

Jnanapeeth Award winners[edit]

The Jnanpith Award is a literary award in India, it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country.

Bharat Ratna[edit]

Padma Award winners[edit]

Padmabhushan[edit]
Padma Vibhushan[edit]
Padmashri Award[edit]

President of India's Award for Sanskrit[edit]

Other notable people[edit]

Musicians[edit]

Artists[edit]

Writers[edit]

Business people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations in India with more than 1 Lakh Population" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 February 2006. Retrieved 16 February 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Census of India 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF).
  5. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011". Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  6. ^ a b "HDMC ABOUT TWIN CITY". Archived from the original on 20 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Hubli and Dharwad City Census 2011 (C korya)data". Census2011. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF).
  9. ^ "Gokul Road (Hubballi (Hubali))".
  10. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  11. ^ "Main building".
  12. ^ "Karnatak Chamber of Commerce and Industry".
  13. ^ "Agmarknet Mandi profile". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
  14. ^ "APMC - Hubballi (Hubali)". wikimapia.org.
  15. ^ "Hubballi Airport bags award under Regional Connectivity Scheme | Hubballi News - Times of India". Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  16. ^ Kattimani, Basavaraj (30 November 2018). "Get ready to fly abroad from Hubballi airport | Hubballi News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Hubballi Is Best Choice for International Airport of N-Karnataka: Angadi". Hubballi Times. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Railway Station, Hubli | KAF Architects Bangalore".
  19. ^ BS Reporter (12 September 2012). "Monorail proposed in Hubli-Dharwad".
  20. ^ "Karnataka's Hubballi to get world's longest railway platform | Cities News,The Indian Express". Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  21. ^ Sharma, Karun (14 November 2019). "New Rail Heritage Museum coming up at Hubballi". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Account Suspended". www.hdbrts.co.in.
  23. ^ "School of Hindustani music to start its tune". Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2009.
  24. ^ Mint, The Wall Street Journal (18 December 2009). "Gururaj Deshpande :The serial entrepreneur".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°27′N 75°00′E / 15.45°N 75.0°E / 15.45; 75.0