1915 postcard of Hudajužna
|Traditional region||Slovenian Littoral|
|• Total||3.14 km2 (1.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||391.2 m (1,283.5 ft)|
Hudajužna (pronounced [xudaˈjuːʒna]; Italian: Villa Iùsina) is a village in the valley of the Bača River in the Municipality of Tolmin in the Littoral region of Slovenia. The Bohinj Railway line runs through the settlement.
The settlement was first attested in 1515 as Pochudauschna (and as Chuda Jusna in 1566, Cudaiusna in 1591, and per Hudeiusine in 1628). The name is a fused compound derived from *Huda južina (< hud 'intense, strong' + južina 'southern weather'), and thus refers to a local area that experienced the first significant thaw. The cadastral survey carried out under Emperor Francis I indicates that the name first referred to a rock shelter on Obloke Hill (Slovene: Obloški hrib) above the village, known as the place where the snow first melts away in spring. The adjective hud also means 'bad' and the noun južina 'lunch', and so popular imagination has created a story about how the name refers to an Ottoman attack on the village while the villagers were having lunch.
Notable people that were born or lived in Hudajužna include:
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Venézia Giúlia e Dalmázia. 1934. Milan: Touring club italiano, p. 295.
- Tolmin municipal site
- Torkar, Silvo. 2003. "K nastanku in pomenu nekaterih zemljepisnih imen v Baški dolini / On the Origin and Meaning of Several Toponyms in the Bača Valley." Slavistična revija 51(4): 429–442.
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 165.
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 404.
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