Hudson, Ohio

Coordinates: 41°14′36″N 81°26′20″W / 41.24333°N 81.43889°W / 41.24333; -81.43889
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Hudson, Ohio
North Main Street, Hudson Historic District
North Main Street, Hudson Historic District
Location in Summit County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Summit County and the state of Ohio.
Coordinates: 41°14′36″N 81°26′20″W / 41.24333°N 81.43889°W / 41.24333; -81.43889
CountryUnited States
Village/Township Merger1994
Founded byDavid Hudson
Named forDavid Hudson
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • Council PresidentChris Foster
 • City ManagerThomas Sheridan
 • MayorJeffrey Anzevino
 • Total25.88 sq mi (67.04 km2)
 • Land25.63 sq mi (66.37 km2)
 • Water0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
1,066 ft (325 m)
 • Total23,110
 • Density901.85/sq mi (348.21/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)330, 234
FIPS code39-36651[2]
GNIS feature ID1048857[3]

Hudson is a city in northern Summit County, Ohio, United States. The population was 23,110 at the 2020 census.[4] It is a suburban community in the Akron metropolitan area. John Brown made his first public vow to destroy slavery here and the city later became part of the Underground Railroad. The Village of Hudson and Hudson Township were formerly two separate governing entities that merged in 1994.


The chapel of Western Reserve Academy

The city is named after its founder, David Hudson,[5] who settled there from Goshen, Connecticut, in 1799, when it was part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The village of Hudson, located in the center of Hudson Township, was incorporated in 1837. In Hudson, David Hudson built the first log house in Summit County, Ohio. There is a marker at the intersection of Baldwin Street and North Main Street (Ohio State Route 91), on the right when traveling east on Baldwin Street. The marker is embedded in the west face of the boulder.[6]

Hudson, which had a distinctly New England character from its early settlers,[7] was the home of Western Reserve College and Preparatory School, founded in 1826 by David Hudson among others. It was spoken of as the "Yale of the West". The college moved to Cleveland in 1882 and later, as Western Reserve University, merged with the Case Institute of Technology to form the modern Case Western Reserve University. The Yale-inspired red brick buildings are now the Western Reserve Academy. The Loomis Observatory was built in 1838 and is the oldest observatory in the U.S. still in its original location.

The Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad began service to Hudson in 1852. In 1861, President-elect Abraham Lincoln spoke to about 6,000 people for 2 to 3 minutes from the last train car at the old Hudson Depot, near the south end of College Street.[8][9] The railroad ended passenger service at Hudson in 1965.[10] A former train station (built in the 1910s) that was located near the intersection of West Streetsboro and Library Streets was demolished in 2013.[11][12]

East of Morse Road, there is an unfinished Clinton Air Line Railroad bridge (over Hurricane Creek near the power line from Morse Road to W. Prescott Road).[13]

There was a fire on the west side of Hudson's Main Street in 1892. The fire destroyed the buildings between Park Lane and Clinton Street. A. W. Lockhart's saloon and the Mansion House [Hotel] burned.[14] The Hudson-born Pennsylvania coal mine owner James Ellsworth assisted in the rebuilding of Main Street after the street had been destroyed by fire in 1903. Ellsworth also refinanced the bankrupt Western Reserve Academy, housed on the former campus of Western Reserve College, which had been closed from 1903 until 1916.

In 1882, Gustave H. Grimm established the G.H. Grimm Manufacturing Company to build and sell corrugated tin-pan evaporators for use in maple syrup production. That area, now called "The Evaporator Works," is on the south of Ravenna Street and just east of Ohio Route 91.[15]

The Hudson Clock Tower was built in 1912 by James Ellsworth who was born in Hudson in 1849. The original clock movement was supplied by the E. Howard Clock Company of Boston. The energy from 3000-pound weights powered the movement of the clocks and Westminster chimes. The town marshall was responsible for entering the tower every few days and winding (lifting) the weights.[16]

Lincoln Ellsworth was the son of James Ellsworth. Lincoln Ellsworth is the only Hudsonite on a U.S. postage stamp.[17] The Ellsworth Mountains are named after Lincoln Ellsworth. Lincoln was born in Chicago and lived in Hudson when he was a child. Lincoln was awarded two Congressional Gold Medals.[18][19]

From 1957 until the late 1980s, General Motors had a factory of almost one thousand workers in Hudson that built crawler tractor earth-moving equipment. The factory was beside and east of Ohio State Route 91 and it was south of Terex Road. The original 1958 factory had 660,000 square feet. In 1961, GM added 340,000 square feet for a total of 1 million square feet of factory. In 1970, GM renamed their earth-moving equipment division as Terex. Currently Jo-Ann Stores uses most of the former GM factory.[20][21] Hudson had an airport from mid-1920s until 1957, known as the Hudson Mid-City Airport, near the former General Motors Euclid Division.[22]

On November 28, 1973, a large area of the village, "roughly bounded by College, Streetsboro, S. Main, and Baldwin" streets, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Hudson Historic District. The historic district was expanded on October 10, 1989, to also include the area "roughly bounded by Hudson St., Old Orchard Dr., Aurora St., Oviatt St., Streetsboro St., and College St. to Aurora (street)". In addition to the Hudson Historic District, there are several additional properties in Hudson listed on the Register.[23] The City of Hudson came about in 1994 when voters approved the merger of Hudson Township and Hudson Village, which had previously been two separate governing entities.

In July 2003, Hudson received over 17 inches (430 mm) of rain from three storm events within 24 hours. Hudson had flood damage within all its three watersheds ... Mud Brook, Brandywine Creek and Tinker's Creek. The Brandywine Creek Watershed experienced the most flood damage in 2003.[24] Two men drowned in an underground parking garage of a condominium complex on July 21, 2003.[25][26] State Routes 91 and 303 flooded where the highways dip low to pass under the train tracks and the highways were closed by 7:40 PM on July 21.[27][28]

An abolitionist center[edit]

Ohio's Western Reserve "was probably the most intensely antislavery section of the country".[29] Hudson, with the Reserve's first college, was for a time its intellectual capital.[citation needed] The founders of Hudson were abolitionists, although founder David Hudson favored the soon-to-be-discarded strategy of "colonization": sending free Blacks "back to Africa". Another founder, Owen Brown, father of John Brown, also from Connecticut, was a fervent abolitionist. The latter, who arguably did more to end slavery in the United States than any other person, grew up and was educated in Hudson from 1805 to 1825. There is a marker at the site of his family's home, at the intersection of Ravenna and South Main Streets.

There is also a historical marker at the location of the first meetinghouse of the First Congregational Church, at East Main and Church Streets, reading: "In August, 1835, church members unanimously adopted a resolution declaring that slavery is 'a direct violation of the law of Almighty God.' At a November 1837 prayer meeting, church member and anti-slavery leader John Brown made his first public vow to destroy slavery."[30]

Thousands of fugitive slaves, heading for freedom in Canada, passed through Hudson; it was a stop on the Underground Railroad. Owen Brown was very active in assisting the fugitives.[31] As of 2019, 21 locations in and around Hudson associated with the Underground Railroad have been identified.[32] and in 1992 there appeared a book by James Caccamo, Hudson and the Underground Railroad.

Hudson cheese manufacturer Seymour Straight was the primary funder of Straight University, founded in 1868, the first university in New Orleans for Black students.[citation needed]

Hudson's period of anti-slavery leadership ended in the early 1830s. Beriah Green, the lone professor of theology at the college, was influenced by William Lloyd Garrison's new newspaper, The Liberator, and his Thoughts on African Colonization. He preached four fiery anti-slavery sermons, which so inflamed the college that nothing else was being discussed, the president said, and the town was torn apart.[32] Green, expecting to be fired, left to become president of the Oneida Institute, on condition Blacks be admitted on the same terms as whites. Oneida, near Utica, New York, replaced Hudson as the nation's leading abolitionist center.


North Main Street
Howard Hanna and US Bank

Hudson is located in northeastern Summit County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.87 square miles (67.00 km2), of which 25.60 square miles (66.30 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.[33]

Neighboring communities[edit]

Hudson's neighbors are, starting at the northern corporate boundary and proceeding clockwise:


Hudson's surface water flows into five major watersheds. The three most prominent are Brandywine Creek, Mud Brook, and Tinkers Creek. A small part of the western edge of town drains into the Cuyahoga River, and the southeastern corner of the city drains into Fish Creek.[34]


Christ Church Episcopal in downtown Hudson
Historical population

Of the city's population over the age of 25, 68.0% held a bachelor's degree or higher.[39] According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $112,740, and the median income for a family was $128,727.[40] Males had a median income of $87,169 versus $38,226 for females. The per capita income for the city was $40,915. About 1.3% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

Note: Historical Population figures before 2000 are for the former Village of Hudson only and do not include the former Hudson Township.

2020 census[edit]

As of April 1, 2020, there were 23,110 people residing in the city.[41]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[42] of 2010, there were 22,262 people, 7,620 households, and 6,301 families residing in the city. The population density was 869.6 inhabitants per square mile (335.8/km2). There were 8,002 housing units at an average density of 312.6 per square mile (120.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 1.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 7,620 households, of which 43.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.9% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 17.3% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.21.

The median age in the city was 42.5 years. 30.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.5% were from 25 to 44; 34% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[2] there were 22,439 people, 7,357 households, and 6,349 families residing in the city. The population density was 876.9 inhabitants per square mile (338.6/km2). There were 7,636 housing units at an average density of 298.4 per square mile (115.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.65% White, 2.82% Asian, 1.48% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.20% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 7,357 households, out of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.7% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 12.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the city the population was spread out, with 33.5% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.


There are many churches and other places of worship in Hudson. There are several Christian denominations present, including the Eastern Orthodox, Episcopal Church, United Church of Christ, Lutheran, Christian Science, Presbyterian, United Methodist, Anglican, and Roman Catholic, and non-denominational congregations as well as a Jewish temple.


The "First and Main" shopping district

In November 2002, Hudson was the first community in the U.S. to launch a citywide electronic gift card. The card was introduced by the Hudson Chamber of Commerce to help stimulate and keep shopping dollars with the independent merchants in town.


  • Jo-Ann Stores has its corporate headquarters in Hudson. Jo-Ann operates 751 stores in 48 states, plus its Web site, Its three distribution centers are located in Hudson, Ohio; Visalia, California; and Opelika, Alabama.[43]
  • Allstate Insurance Company established a call center/data center in Hudson in 1971. In 1991, it expanded the Hudson facility and now employs more than 1,300.[44]


  • Most of Hudson's retail outlets are located in concentrated areas. Most notable are the two downtown blocks of historic buildings located on North Main Street. The original center of business in Hudson, the stores and offices located "downtown" still stand today in continued commercial use.
  • In 1962, the first part of the Hudson Plaza shopping center opened on West Streetsboro Street. It has always been anchored by the Acme grocery store, which moved there from its former location on North Main Street. Expansions of the plaza continued through the 1990s. A unique McDonald's restaurant, resembling a house, opened in 1985. The original building, housing Acme, was extensively renovated in 2000.
  • 2004 marked the opening of First & Main, a mixed-use development just west of North Main Street.[45] The Hudson Library & Historical Society relocated there in 2005.

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Hudson Park Board oversees more than one thousand acres (4 km2) of parkland in the city.[46] The most prominent property is Hudson Springs Park, which has a 50-acre lake open to kayaks, canoes and small motorized boats. Boat storage is available to residents only for an annual fee. The lake is stocked with fish and encircled by walking trails based around a 1.8 mile loop that ventures into the woods that stretch along a large portion of the lake. The park also has a disc golf course, docks, sand volleyball pit and permanent corn-hole boards (bring your own bean bags).[47] Cascade Park, Barlow Farm Park, and Colony Park are large neighborhood parks used for sports and general family recreation. Other properties, such as Doc's Woods, MacLaren Woods, Trumbull Woods, and Bicentennial Woods, are kept as forested nature preserves. The first Hudson Park, Wildlife Woods, is actually located west of the city in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park.


The city is governed by a seven-member city council. There are four council representatives representing the four wards in Hudson, and three representatives at-large.[48] Hudson has a council-manager government. At present, the Council President is Chris Foster.[49] The current City Manager is Thomas J. Sheridan. The Mayor's office is held by Jeffrey Anzevino.[50]

Resignation of Craig Shubert[edit]

At a February 8, 2022, council meeting, during discussion whether to permit ice fishing at Hudson Springs Park, mayor Craig Shubert voiced concerns that allowing the construction of ice shanties might lead to incidents of prostitution. The resulting negative attention led to Shubert resigning six days later.[51][52]


Hudson High School

Public education[edit]

Public schools are included in the Hudson City School District. The largest school in the district is Hudson High School. Hudson City Schools provides education for approximately 4,600 children. Hudson City School District Sports teams are a part of the Suburban League. The sports teams are called the Hudson Explorers.


There are also many private schools in the area. Seton Catholic School is one. Founded in 1962, Hudson Montessori School is the 13th oldest Montessori school in the United States. Hudson is the original home of what would become Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland and remains home to the Western Reserve Academy, a coeducational boarding and day college preparatory school housed on the original campus of Western Reserve College.



Ohio's State Route 303, State Route 91, and State Route 8 pass through Hudson. Interstate 480 cuts through the extreme northeast corner of the city, and Interstate 80, the Ohio Turnpike, bisects the city from west to east.

Hudson, unlike many surrounding communities, has retained two-lane roadways in much of its downtown. This has helped preserve the open spaces, historical buildings, and trees that the city values. There are some services from Metro RTA, and much of Hudson is accessible by foot or bike.

The Cleveland Line (Norfolk Southern) runs from Rochester, Pennsylvania to Cleveland, Ohio going through locations such as Ravenna, Hudson, and Maple Heights. There is a spur rail line for local freight from Little Tikes.


The University Hospitals Hudson Health Center, affiliated with University Hospitals of Cleveland, offers primary and specialty care services, laboratory and general diagnostic radiology services. Also located at this facility are outpatient rehabilitation services.[53]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]


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  2. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
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  6. ^ The first Log House in Summit County
  7. ^ Sernett, Milton C. (2004). Abolition's Axe. Beriah Green, Oneida Institute, and the Black Freedom Struggle. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0815623704.
  8. ^ In 1861, President-elect Abraham Lincoln spoke to about 6,000 people in Hudson, Ohio
  9. ^ The former train track path past the old Hudson Depot left following property lines that align with the former path of the railroad: Both the north and south property lines of the current Hudson Police Department; along the northeast property line at the Shell Station by Hwy 303 and Library Street; along the northeast property line of the Cold Stone Creamery
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Railroad | Case Western Reserve University
  11. ^ 1970 picture of the Pennsylvania Train Station in Hudson, Ohio.
  12. ^,0.273,0.541,0.358,0 1884 Map of the Pennsylvania, Reading, and Lehigh Valley Railroads, and their connections. This map shows the Hudson, Ohio train station on the railroad.
  13. ^ Clinton Air Line Railroad bridge east of Morse Road [1] Railroads of Hudson featured in Heritage Association program | Nov 2020 | Akron Beacon Journal (newspaper) | See also Moran, Ohio A Clinton Air Line Railroad bridge foundation remains at Tinker's Creek near Streetsboro, Ohio
  14. ^ Hudson’s Great Fire of 1892
  15. ^ Gustave H. Grimm, his Champion Evaporator for producing maple syrup
  16. ^ History of the Hudson Clock Tower
  17. ^ Hudson’s heritage: Exploring the life, legacy of Lincoln Ellsworth | Hudson Hub Times
  18. ^ Lincoln Ellsworth, American explorer | Britannica
  19. ^ Explorers, Ellsworth, Lincoln (1880-1951)
  20. ^ General Motors Euclid Division, Terex Factory (Hudson, Ohio)
  21. ^ Terex: The Earth-moving Kings
  22. ^ Hudson Mid-City Airport, 1920s until 1957
  23. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  24. ^ The City of Hudson Storm Water Update | February 25, 2020| 22 pages with maps
  25. ^ Letter: Remembering lives lost during Hudson flood of 2003 | Akron Beacon Journal | August 27, 2014
  26. ^ Flooding Facts | 21 WFMJ | Youngstown, OH
  27. ^ MCS with Eye - July 21, 2003 | David Roth, Forecaster | Weather Prediction Center | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | U.S. Department of Commerce
  28. ^ FEMA's National Flood Hazard Layer (NFHL) Viewer
  29. ^ Wyatt-Brown, Bertram (1995). "'A Volcano Beneath a Mountain of Snow': John Brown and the Problem of Interpretation". In Finkleman, Paul (ed.). His Soul Goes Marching On. Responses to John Brown and the Harpers Ferry Raid. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia. pp. 9–38, at p. 19. ISBN 0813915368.
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  41. ^ (--Select a fact--) Population, Census, April 1, 2020
  42. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ "Hudson, Ohio Explained". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
  44. ^ "Business Success Story - Hudson, OH - Official Website". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  45. ^ "First & Main Hudson". 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  46. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2006. Retrieved July 7, 2006.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Hudson Parks brochure. retrieved July 9, 2006.
  47. ^ "Hudson Springs Park". Hudson, OH.
  48. ^ "City of Hudson : City Council". Archived from the original on June 7, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2006. Council of the City of Hudson.
  49. ^ "City Council | Hudson, OH - Official Website". Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  50. ^ "Mayor Jeffrey Anzevino | Hudson, OH - Official Website". Retrieved March 1, 2023.
  51. ^ "Ohio mayor quits after going viral for saying ice fishing leads to prostitution", Ariel Zilber, New York Post, February 14, 2022.
  52. ^ Salcedo, Andrea; Knowles, Hannah (February 15, 2022). "Mayor resigns after saying ice-fishing shanties could lead to prostitution". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 28, 2022.
  53. ^ "UH Hudson Health Center". University Hospitals of Cleveland. 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]