Hudson Generating Station

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Hudson Generating Station
Hudson Generating Station.jpg
Aerial view of the Hudson Generating Station with coal-delivery barges in the foreground
Hudson Generating Station is located in Hudson County, New Jersey
Hudson Generating Station
Location of Hudson Generating Station
Country United States of America
Location Jersey City, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°44′50″N 74°04′21″W / 40.74722°N 74.07250°W / 40.74722; -74.07250Coordinates: 40°44′50″N 74°04′21″W / 40.74722°N 74.07250°W / 40.74722; -74.07250
Status Decommissioned
Commission date Unit 1: 12/10/1964[1]
Unit 2: 12/18/1968[1]
Unit 3: 12/01/1967[1]
Decommission date Unit 1:12/08/2011[2]
Unit 3: 10/17/2003[2]
Owner(s) PSEG Fossil LLC
Thermal power station
Primary fuel Low-sulphur bituminous coal from West Virginia
Secondary fuel Natural gas
Type Steam turbine
Cooling source Hackensack River
Power generation
Nameplate capacity 660 MW

Hudson Generating Station was a power plant operated by PSEG Fossil LLC, a subsidiary of Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG). It is located in Jersey City in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. The site has been in operation since 1906, but as of 2011 only one unit is currently in operation at the facility – Unit 2, which runs primarily on coal to generate electricity and is also capable of burning natural gas as a secondary fuel.[3] Unit 2 is also equipped with several back-end technology emission controls.

The generating station was closed permanently by PSEG Power on June 1, 2017.[4][5][6]


The Hudson Generating Station occupies a 250-acre (100 ha) site north of the intersection of Duffield and Van Keuren Avenues. Located on the east bank of the Hackensack River near the Riverbend, three miles (5 km) upstream from Newark Bay, it creates the perimeter of Croxton and the Marion Section, and borders Secaucus at Penhorn Creek.[7]


The Hudson Generating Station was built on the site of the former Marion Generating Station, the first PSEG plant, which started operation in 1906. The Marion Station was the largest in the PSEG fleet until 1924. The bulk of the Marion station was retired in 1961, as construction on the Hudson Station began. Unit 1 was installed in 1964 and retired in 2011. Unit 2 was installed in 1968 and acts as a load following unit.[8] Unit 3, a gas-burning turbine, was installed in 1967 and shut down in 2003.

The Hudson Generating Station will be retired June 1, 2017,[needs update] a decision the company stated was mostly because of tougher environmental regulations and a move toward natural gas.[9]

Fuel supply[edit]

Unit 2 typically burns a low-sulphur coal from West Virginia. In May 1996, a test on that coal indicated a 0.056 ppm (by weight) mercury content.[10]

  • According to PSE&G's annual report, coal for this plant comes from Indonesia.
  • According to PSE&G's website: total plant capacity is 620 Mwe
  • Water usage: There are no cooling towers at the PSE&G Hudson plant; the Hackensack River water is utilized for the plant's Rankine cycle condenser cooling.
  • The Unused Coal, a special rank, and grade, from Indonesia is being shipped overseas (Fall 2017)...

Historic emissions[edit]

Annual NOx, SO2 and CO2 emissions[11]
Year NOx (short tons) SO2 (short tons) CO2 (short tons)
2009 1,889.2 1,455.7 1,870,629.5
2010 2,206.7 1,727.5 2,387,413.6
2011 768.7 987.3 1,967,294.7
2012 372.8 138.9 663,637.3
2013 478.2 133.2 771,667.4

Habitats and environment[edit]


In 1997 PSEG Fossil officials discovered failed attempts by ospreys to build nests on a transmission tower at the Hudson Generating Station. To encourage ospreys to roost along the Hackensack River, Public Service Electric and Gas Co. erected a nesting platform atop a utility pole at the Hudson Generating Station the following year. The platform was built by students from the Hudson Liberty Council's Boy Scouts of America and the Urban League of Hudson County's youth build program.[12] However, the first osprey chick to hatch in the New Jersey Meadowlands since the early 20th century took to the air only on July 13, 2007, from its nest located at PSEG's Hudson Generating Station.[13]

NJDEP Environmental Stewardship Program[edit]

As of 2010, the station has achieved recognition by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Compliance & Enforcement division in 10 of a possible 21 Environmental Stewardship categories.[14]

Conflicts and controversies[edit]

Clean Air Act settlement and installation of back-end technology[edit]

After being accused of violating New Source Review standards in 2000, PSEG settled with federal regulators and entered into a consent decree in 2002, which mandated the installation of emission controls at Hudson. In 2010, the facility completed installation of back-end technology to control emissions at the station: selective catalytic reduction to control nitrogen oxides, dry scrubbers to control sulfur dioxide, activated carbon injection to control mercury, and a pulse jet fabric filter system to control particulate emissions. Despite the $700 million USD investment in improvements in the facility some activists still consider it a detriment to the community.[15]


  1. ^ a b c "Air Markets Program Data, 2014". Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. EPA. 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  2. ^ a b "PJM Generator Deactivations (as of June 18, 2014)". PJM. 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2006" (Excel). Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2008. 
  4. ^ O'Neill, James M. (2017-05-31). "2 N.J. coal power plants close for good, ensuring cleaner air". The Record. Retrieved 2017-11-19. 
  5. ^ "PSEG Power retires N.J.'s 2 biggest coal-burning power plants". May 2017. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  6. ^ "PSEG Power Considers Decommissioning Two Coal-Fired Plants - NJ Spotlight". September 14, 2016. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Aerial view of Jersey City with the Hudson Generating Station in the foreground (left corner) and Manhattan in the background". Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  8. ^ "The Hudson Generating Station". Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  9. ^ "PSEG to close 2 remaining N.J. coal plants in 2017". October 2016. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  10. ^ Haythornthwaite, S.; Ruhl, J.; Slye, R.; Butz, J. (1998). "Assessing air pollution Control Options at the Hudson Station of Public Service Electric and Gas" (PDF). Palo Alto, CA, and Newark, NJ: EPRI and PSEG. TR-110867. 
  11. ^ "Air Markets Program Facility Data, 2009-2014". Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. EPA. 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Wild New Jersey - Ospreys on the Hackensack". Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Hackensack Riverkeeper Press Release". Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Details of Sites participating in Stewardship" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, NJDEP. 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  15. ^ McCardle, John (July 8, 2011), "Jersey City Power Plant Cleans Up Emissions but Can't Escape Activists' Wrath", New York Times