Hudson Generating Station

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Hudson Generating Station
Hudson Generating Station.jpg
Aerial view of the Hudson Generating Station with coal-delivery barges in the foreground
CountryUnited States
LocationJersey City, New Jersey
Coordinates40°44′50″N 74°04′21″W / 40.74722°N 74.07250°W / 40.74722; -74.07250Coordinates: 40°44′50″N 74°04′21″W / 40.74722°N 74.07250°W / 40.74722; -74.07250
Commission dateUnit 1: 12/10/1964[1]
Unit 2: 12/18/1968[1]
Unit 3: 12/01/1967[1]
Decommission dateUnit 1:12/08/2011[2]
Unit 3: 10/17/2003[2]
Owner(s)PSEG Fossil LLC
Thermal power station
Primary fuelLow-sulphur bituminous coal from West Virginia
Secondary fuelNatural gas
Turbine technologySteam turbine
Cooling sourceHackensack River
Power generation
Nameplate capacity660 MW

Hudson Generating Station was a power plant operated by PSEG Fossil LLC, a subsidiary of Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG). It was located in Jersey City in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. The site was in operation from 1906-2017, but as of 2011 only one unit was in operation at the facility – Unit 2, which ran primarily on coal to generate electricity and was also capable of burning natural gas as a secondary fuel.[3] Unit 2 was also equipped with several back-end technology emission controls. The generating station was closed permanently by PSEG Power on June 1, 2017.[4][5][6] The 241 acre site was sold to Chicago based Hilco Redevelopment Partners in January 2019, which plans to repurpose the site as a state-of-the-art industrial park serving growing warehouse-distribution business in region.


The Hudson Generating Station occupied a nearly 250-acre (100 ha) site north of the intersection of Duffield and Van Keuren Avenues. Located on the east bank of the Hackensack River near the Riverbend, three miles (5 km) upstream from Newark Bay, it created the perimeter of Croxton and the Marion Section, and borders Secaucus at Penhorn Creek.[7]


The Hudson Generating Station was built on the site of the former Marion Generating Station, the first PSEG plant, which started operation in 1906. The Marion Station was the largest in the PSEG fleet until 1924. The bulk of the Marion station was retired in 1961, as construction on the Hudson Station began. Unit 1 was installed in 1964 and retired in 2011. Unit 2 was installed in 1968 and acted as a load following unit.[8] Unit 3, a gas-burning turbine, was installed in 1967 and shut down in 2003.

When the station was retired in 2017,[needs update] the company stated the decision was mostly because of tougher environmental regulations and a move toward natural gas.[9]

Fuel supply[edit]

Unit 2 typically burned a low-sulphur coal from West Virginia. In May 1996, a test on that coal indicated a 0.056 ppm (by weight) mercury content.[10]

  • Water usage: There were no cooling towers at the PSE&G Hudson plant; the Hackensack River water was utilized for the plant's Rankine cycle condenser cooling.
  • The Unused Coal, a special rank, and grade, from Indonesia was shipped overseas (Fall 2017)...

Historic emissions[edit]

Annual NOx, SO2 and CO2 emissions[11]
Year NOx (short tons) SO2 (short tons) CO2 (short tons)
2009 1,889.2 1,455.7 1,870,629.5
2010 2,206.7 1,727.5 2,387,413.6
2011 768.7 987.3 1,967,294.7
2012 372.8 138.9 663,637.3
2013 478.2 133.2 771,667.4

Habitats and environment[edit]


In 1997 PSEG Fossil officials discovered failed attempts by ospreys to build nests on a transmission tower at the Hudson Generating Station. To encourage ospreys to roost along the Hackensack River, Public Service Electric and Gas Co. erected a nesting platform atop a utility pole at the Hudson Generating Station the following year. The platform was built by students from the Hudson Liberty Council's Boy Scouts of America and the Urban League of Hudson County's youth build program.[12] The first osprey chick to hatch in the New Jersey Meadowlands since the early 20th century took to the air only on July 13, 2007, from its nest located at PSEG's Hudson Generating Station.[13]

NJDEP Environmental Stewardship Program[edit]

By 2010, the station achieved recognition by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Compliance & Enforcement division in 10 of a possible 21 Environmental Stewardship categories.[14]

Conflicts and controversies[edit]

Clean Air Act settlement and installation of back-end technology[edit]

After being accused of violating New Source Review standards in 2000, PSEG settled with federal regulators and entered into a consent decree in 2002, which mandated the installation of emission controls at Hudson. In 2010, the facility completed installation of back-end technology to control emissions at the station: selective catalytic reduction to control nitrogen oxides, dry scrubbers to control sulfur dioxide, activated carbon injection to control mercury, and a pulse jet fabric filter system to control particulate emissions. Despite the $700 million USD investment in improvements in the facility some activists still considered it a detriment to the community.[15]


  1. ^ a b c "Air Markets Program Data, 2014". Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. EPA. 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "PJM Generator Deactivations (as of June 18, 2014)". PJM. 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2006" (Excel). Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
  4. ^ O'Neill, James M. (May 31, 2017). "2 N.J. coal power plants close for good, ensuring cleaner air". The Record. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  5. ^ "PSEG Power retires N.J.'s 2 biggest coal-burning power plants". May 2017. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  6. ^ "PSEG Power Considers Decommissioning Two Coal-Fired Plants - NJ Spotlight". September 14, 2016. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  7. ^ "Aerial view of Jersey City with the Hudson Generating Station in the foreground (left corner) and Manhattan in the background". Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  8. ^ "The Hudson Generating Station". Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  9. ^ "PSEG to close 2 remaining N.J. coal plants in 2017". October 2016. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  10. ^ Haythornthwaite, S.; Ruhl, J.; Slye, R.; Butz, J. (1998). "Assessing air pollution Control Options at the Hudson Station of Public Service Electric and Gas" (PDF). Palo Alto, CA, and Newark, NJ: EPRI and PSEG. TR-110867.
  11. ^ "Air Markets Program Facility Data, 2009-2014". Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. EPA. 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Wild New Jersey - Ospreys on the Hackensack". Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  13. ^ "Hackensack Riverkeeper Press Release". Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  14. ^ "Details of Sites participating in Stewardship" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, NJDEP. 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  15. ^ McCardle, John (July 8, 2011), "Jersey City Power Plant Cleans Up Emissions but Can't Escape Activists' Wrath", New York Times