Hudson Line (Metro-North)

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Hudson Line
Metro-North Hudson Line.jpg
A northbound Hudson Line train passing the Hudson Highlands
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
SystemMetro-North Railroad
StatusOperating
LocaleNew York City, Westchester, Putnam, and Dutchess counties
TerminiGrand Central
Croton–Harmon (short-turn)
Poughkeepsie
Stations29
Daily ridership38,500 (2012)[1]
Operation
OwnerMetropolitan Transportation Authority[2]
Operator(s)Metro-North Railroad
CharacterCommuter rail
Technical
Track length74 mi (119 km))
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification700 V (DC) third rail south of Croton–Harmon
Route map

Poughkeepsie Yard
Poughkeepsie Amtrak
Zone 9
Zone 8
New Hamburg
Wappingers Creek
Beacon ferry/water interchange
Fishkill Creek
Dutchess Junction
closed
Zone 8
Zone 7
Breakneck Ridge DodgerBlue flag waving.svg
Breakneck Tunnel
Cold Spring
Garrison Tunnel
southbound only
Garrison
Manitou DodgerBlue flag waving.svg
Anthony's Nose Tunnel
Middle Tunnel
Little Tunnel
Roa Hook
closed
Annsville Creek
Zone 7
Zone 6
Peekskill
Montrose
closed
Cortlandt
Crugers
closed
Oscawana
closed
Oscawana Tunnel
Zone 6
Zone 5
Croton North
closed
end of electrification
Croton–Harmon Amtrak
Croton River
Ossining ferry/water interchange
Scarborough
Philipse Manor
Tarrytown
Zone 5
Zone 4
Irvington
Ardsley-on-Hudson
Dobbs Ferry
Hastings-on-Hudson
Zone 4
Zone 3
Greystone
Glenwood
Yonkers Amtrak
Ludlow
Mount St. Vincent
closed
Zone 3
Zone 2
Riverdale
placeholder
West 125th Street
proposed
West 62nd Street
proposed
Penn Station Amtrak NJ Transit MTA NYC logo.svg
Spuyten Duyvil
Marble Hill "1" train
BN
now BN Yard
University Heights
Morris Heights
Highbridge Facility
(employees only)
Yankees–East 153rd Street "4" train"B" train"D" train
Mott Haven Junction
138th Street
closed
Zone 2
Zone 1
Harlem–125th Street "4" train"5" train"6" train"6" express train
110th Street (closed)
86th Street (closed)
72nd Street (closed)
59th Street (closed)
Grand Central
"4" train"5" train"6" train"6" express train"7" train"7" express train​​42nd Street Shuttle

Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line is a commuter rail line running north from New York City along the east shore of the Hudson River. Metro-North service ends at Poughkeepsie, with Amtrak's Empire Corridor trains continuing north to and beyond Albany. The line was originally the Hudson River Railroad (and the Spuyten Duyvil and Port Morris Railroad south of Spuyten Duyvil), and eventually became the Hudson Division of the New York Central Railroad, part of the Central's famed Water Level Route.

Croton–Harmon station divides the line into two distinct segments. South of there, the line is electrified with third rail, serving suburban stations located relatively close together. Most of the electrified zone has four tracks, usually two express and local tracks in each direction. For a few miles in the Bronx there are only two or three tracks. Local service is usually provided by electric trains, while diesel trains run express. North of Croton–Harmon, the line is not electrified and is mostly double-tracked (with a few triple track areas); the stations are also spaced further apart. Service between Croton–Harmon and Poughkeepsie is provided by diesel trains; these generally run express and skip most of the lower stations. From just north of Spuyten Duyvil to the end of the line, the Hudson Line is shared with Amtrak's Empire Corridor up the river. The planned Penn Station Access project would send some Hudson Line trains to Penn Station, with two new intermediate stops in Manhattan.

The Hudson Line is colored green on Metro-North system maps and timetable accents. Timetables for predecessor New York Central used green for the then-Hudson Division as early as 1965.[3]

History[edit]

New York Central[edit]

The Hudson River Railroad was chartered on May 12, 1846 to extend the Troy and Greenbush Railroad, which connected Troy and Albany, south to New York City along the east bank of the Hudson River. Service began on the first 41 miles (66 km) of the line from Chambers Street and Hudson Street in Lower Manhattan to Peekskill on September 29, 1849. Service was extended to New Hamburg on December 6 and to Poughkeepsie on December 31. A separate section opened between East Albany and Hudson on June 16, 1851. This section was extended to Oakhill on July 7 and to Tivoli on August 4. The full line opened on October 8, 1851 with the completion of the final segment between Tivoli and Poughkeepsie, linking the two pieces of the line together.[4] Prior to completion, on June 1, the Hudson River leased the Troy and Greenbush.[5]:381

Cornelius Vanderbilt purchased the Hudson River Railroad in 1864, soon after he bought the parallel New York and Harlem Railroad, which is today's Harlem Line.[6] He merged these and other short line railroads to form the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, which was renamed the New York Central Railroad in 1914.

One of the properties owned by the New York and Harlem was the Spuyten Duyvil and Port Morris Railroad. This railroad was built in 1842,[7] and bought in 1853 by the New York and Harlem as part of a proposal by NY&H Vice President Gouverneur Morris Jr. to integrate it into a new industrial section of the waterfront. After this railroad became property of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, by 1871, the line was extended through the West Bronx, along the Harlem River to connect with the Hudson River Railroad. The segment north of Mott Haven Junction became part of the Hudson Division, while the portion to the south remained part of the Harlem Division. With the opening of the line, most passenger trains were rerouted into the new Grand Central Depot via that line along the northeast bank of the Harlem River and the New York and Harlem Rail Road, also part of the New York Central system.

In 1893, a third track was added along the line between Spuyten Duyvil and Sing Sing.[5]:384

Realignment and electrification[edit]

This line was rebuilt and realigned in 1905–1906 when the Harlem River Ship Canal was built. The line was realigned along the north side of the canal in Marble Hill, Manhattan. Part of the original segment around Marble Hill became a freight spur leading to the Kingsbridge Freight Station, but the track around the northern and western sides of Marble Hill was later removed and no trace of it exists.[8] Today, the realigned line serves as the segment of the Metro-North Railroad Hudson Line between Mott Haven Junction and the West Side Line.[9] The former Kingsbridge Freight Spur and station has been occupied by the grounds of the John F. Kennedy High School since the 1970s.[10] The New York and Putnam Railroad spur remained until 1999.[11]

As part of the construction of Grand Central Terminal in the early 1900s, all of New York Central's lines that ran into the terminal were electrified. Third rail was installed on the Hudson and Harlem Divisions, while the New Haven Division received overhead wires on the segments that were not shared with the Harlem and Hudson Division.[12] The first electric train departed for the temporary Grand Central Station, from the Harlem Division's Highbridge station in the Bronx, on September 30, 1906. Electrification would eventually extend to Croton–Harmon station, now the Hudson Line's northern terminus.[13][14]

The former main line south of Spuyten Duyvil remained for freight to the docks along Manhattan's west side and minimal passenger service to the West Side Station on Chambers Street (used until 1916). Passenger service on this line, which became known as the 30th Street Branch continued until late 1929 or early 1930.

The New York Central operated many intercity and commuter trains over this line for many years. It was a key route in connecting Grand Central Terminal in New York to LaSalle Street Station in Chicago. Commuter service along the line was offered as far north as Albany Union Station, with 121 trains serving Albany per day during the NYC's peak years. The line last offered one train a day weekday service to intermediate local stations between Poughkeepsie and Albany (aside from Rhinecliff and Hudson, which persist today under Amtrak service) from Grand Central until it fell from the schedule in 1959.[15][16] Hyde Park last appeared on the schedule in 1958.[17]

Penn Central and Conrail[edit]

At the end of World War II, private rail service began a sharp decline with the start of the Jet Age and the construction of the Interstate Highway System.[18]:177 NYC, facing declining year-over-year profits, merged in 1968 with its former rival, the Pennsylvania Railroad, forming the Penn Central Transportation Company.[19] Penn Central continued to lose money and attempted several maneuvers to delay bankruptcy, including auctioning off the air rights of Grand Central Terminal;[20] the Pennsylvania Railroad had done the same thing to Penn Station.[21] However, this approval was denied, and the denial was affirmed in Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York City, a 1978 decision by the United States Supreme Court.[22][23]

On May 1, 1971, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation took over all intercity passenger service in the US. Penn Central continued to operate freight and commuter service along the Hudson line until it was folded into Conrail on April 1, 1976. Conrail continued to operate commuter service to Poughkeepsie & freight service north of Poughkeepsie (while, Amtrak's Empire Service continued to Albany and beyond). On July 1, 1973, along with several other stations in Penn Central's Metropolitan Region, the 138th Street, Oscawana and Manitou stops were closed. Manitou reopened in 1983.[24]

On September 10, 1974, the MTA announced that work would start on the construction of high-level platforms at eleven stations in the Bronx and Manhattan including at the Marble Hill, Spuyten Duyvil, University Heights, Morris Heights and Riverdale stations on the Hudson Line. The entire project cost $2.8 million. The work was expected to be completed in the late summer of 1975. As part of the work, the University Heights, Morris Heights and Marble Hill stations had island platforms installed, while side platforms were installed at Riverdale and Spuyten Duyvil. All of the platforms on the Hudson Line were 340 feet (100 m)-long with the exception of a 170 feet (52 m)-long side platform at Spuyten Duyvil and a 170 feet (52 m)-long platform at Morris Heights, which was set to be lengthened at a later date. The abandoned station building at University Heights was removed as part of the project.[25] High-level platforms at Spuyten Duyvil and Riverdale were completed in early 1975. On May 2, 1975, the new platforms on the Hudson Line were formally put into service. The completion was marked with a ceremony with the head of the MTA, David Yunich present. The completion of these five stations marked the completion of a $22.8 million project to install high-level platforms at 43 Penn Central stations. The high-level platforms allowed the new Metropolitan and Cosmopolitan to use the stations.[26]

During the late 1970s, the Hudson Line's former northbound express track between Spuyten Duyvil and its merger with the Harlem Line was removed. The stations along the line between Spuyten Duyvil and Yankees–East 153rd Street were rebuilt on top of this track's roadbed.[27]

Metro-North[edit]

In 1983, the MTA Metro-North Railroad took control of all commuter operations in the Hudson Valley. As part of the MTA's five-year capital program in 1982, the MTA planned to remove one of the four tracks on the line. The MTA expected that the change would provide more flexible train service as the line would have received a computerized system capable of running trains in either direction on the three tracks. As part of the plan, trains would have received cab signalling. The change was expected to be completed in three to four years. The New York State DOT and Amtrak were strongly opposed to the proposal as the plan did not take into account future growth of passenger and freight traffic, and reduced the ability to move around stalled trains. Converting the then-existing four tracks to reversible cab signaling would have cost $15 million, which the MTA did not have.[28]

On May 23, 2009, a new station was opened at East 153rd Street in the Bronx to serve Yankee Stadium. It sees regular service on the Hudson Line, plus special service from the Hudson, Harlem, and New Haven Lines for New York Yankees games.[29]

On December 1, 2013, a southbound train derailed near the Spuyten Duyvil station in the Bronx. Four people were killed and more than 60 passengers were injured in the crash.[30] Federal investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board determined that the train was traveling at 82 miles per hour (132 km/h), a speed nearly three times the maximum allowable speed of 30 miles per hour (48 km/h). The train's brakes were apparently operating normally and area tracks in proper condition.[31]

Purchase by the MTA[edit]

On November 13, 2018, the MTA announced its intent to purchase the Hudson and Harlem Lines as well as the Grand Central Terminal for up to $35.065 million, plus a discount rate of 6.25%.[2] The purchase would include all inventory, operations, improvements, and maintenance associated with each asset, except for the air rights over Grand Central. At the time, the Hudson and Harlem Lines were owned by Argent Ventures, a holding company that had taken possession of Penn Central's assets upon its bankruptcy, while the Grand Central Terminal was owned by Midtown TDR Ventures. Under the terms of the leases for each asset, the MTA would only be able to exercise an option to purchase the three assets before October 2019.[32] The MTA's finance committee approved the proposed purchase on November 13, 2018, and the purchase was approved by the full board two days later.[33][34]

The MTA purchased the segment of the Hudson Line from Grand Central to a point 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Poughskeepie.[2][35] North of this point, milepost 75.8, the CSX Transportation-owned and Amtrak-operated Hudson Subdivision rail line continues north to Albany.

Line description[edit]

The southernmost 11 miles (18 km) of the Hudson Line, south of Spuyten Duyvil, is not parallel to the Hudson River. Much of the line in the Bronx parallels the Harlem River, while the entirety of the line in Manhattan follows Park Avenue. North of Spuyten Duyvil, the Hudson Line travels mostly parallel to the river (viewable on the left side northbound and the right side southbound) until the line terminates in Poughkeepsie.

Manhattan and the Bronx[edit]

The West Side Line (right, un-electrified) joins the Hudson Line just north of Spuyten Duyvil.

Once past 125th Street and over the Harlem River, the Hudson Line departs from the track shared with the Harlem and New Haven Lines, passing first Yankees–East 153rd Street, which offers access to the lower Bronx and Yankee Stadium. After it is the employee-only Highbridge stop as it follows the river northward and, at first, the Major Deegan Expressway.

Marble Hill, technically in Manhattan despite being on the mainland, offers a transfer to the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway at the 225th Street station. A short curve away brings the trains to Spuyten Duyvil and its stairs to the street. Just past the station, the track rejoins the original Hudson River Railroad, shared with Amtrak, and after one more stop at Riverdale is out of New York City.

Westchester County[edit]

Tarrytown station on the Hudson Line

The Palisades present themselves across the river as trains pass through the city of Yonkers and its four stops, mostly local. A few express trains do stop at the recently renovated Yonkers station, the first where a transfer to Amtrak is possible.

Smaller, local-only suburban stations are passed as the Tappan Zee Bridge appears to the north and the river widens. Finally, between Irvington and Tarrytown, it passes overhead, as does the inevitable replacement known as the Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge. Rockland County fades to almost three miles (4.8 km) away across Haverstraw Bay. But after passing through Sing Sing prison, the train reaches Ossining, where a ferry brings travelers across the wide river.

Electric trains end their runs one stop beyond, at Croton–Harmon, a terminal shared again with Amtrak just south of Harmon Yard and east of Croton Point. The tracks veer inland, closely following US 9, to the next and newest stop, Cortlandt, the only non-New York City station on the line where the Hudson River cannot be seen.

The Hudson River reappears at Peekskill, the last stop in the county, where the Bear Mountain Bridge can be seen to the north.

Putnam and Dutchess counties[edit]

North of Peekskill the river narrows as the Hudson Highlands begin. Dunderberg and Bear mountains can be seen across the river. The train passes through two short tunnels, one under the Bear Mountain Bridge abutment. Putnam County's first station, Manitou, serves a small hamlet. Just north of Garrison, there is another tunnel and then a view of the stone buildings of West Point; the riverside village of Cold Spring is the next stop, last in the county.

The Dutchess County line is crossed in a pair of 842-foot (257 m) tunnels under Breakneck Ridge at Breakneck Point; across the river Storm King Mountain is seen. The Breakneck Ridge flag stop marks the end of the Highlands as the river once again broadens around Newburgh Bay. At Beacon, ferry service is available during peak hours to Newburgh, whose skyline is visible across the river, and shortly after leaving the train passes under the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge.

Just upriver is New Hamburg, a hamlet of the Town of Poughkeepsie and a station closed in the NYCRR days but eventually reopened. The last 8.5 miles (13.7 km) to Poughkeepsie's recently renovated station, including the vast Tilcon quarry, is the longest distance between any two stations on a Metro-North main line.

Rolling stock[edit]

Electric service from and to Croton–Harmon uses the standard M3A and M7A multiple units also seen on the Metro-North Harlem Line and the Long Island Rail Road, as M3 and M7. Diesel trains are headed by Genesis P32AC-DMs. Turning the locomotives around at either end of the line would be cumbersome and time-consuming, so trains use push-pull operation with the locomotive usually on the north end of the train. They usually pull/push six or seven Shoreliner passenger cars with a cab car at the south end of the train.

The Genesis locomotives are mostly in Metro-North's silver-and-blue livery, but sometimes the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad's red-black-white palette can be seen as equipment on the line is pooled with ConnDOT, whose red-striped passenger coaches are also in wide use on the Hudson Line. The Metro-North-owned Genesis units received a new paint scheme in 2007.

Future service proposals[edit]

Penn Station Access[edit]

As part of the Penn Station Access project, the MTA has proposed to send some Hudson Line trains to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan. Hudson Line trains would access Penn Station via the Empire Connection, a segment of track owned by Amtrak.[36] This segment currently used by Amtrak's Empire Corridor trains to access Penn Station, diverges from the Hudson Line between Riverdale and Spuyten Duyvil stations. The proposal includes the construction of two new Hudson Line stations along the Empire Connection in Manhattan; one near 125th Street in Manhattanville and the other near 62nd Street on the Upper West Side.[37] The project would give Hudson Line riders a direct ride to destinations on the West Side.

Extension of service north of Poughkeepsie[edit]

Since the tracks continue north of Poughkeepsie, there have been various proposals over the years from both the MTA (Metro-North's parent agency) and Amtrak, to extend service northwards. Amtrak's predecessor, Penn Central operated rail service north of Poughkeepsie to Albany-Rensselaer/Buffalo until April 30, 1971; since then, only Amtrak's intercity trains continue beyond Poughkeepsie. Most proposals have been scratched after strong opposition from residents of northern Dutchess County, who fear the effect on their still largely rural communities that being within an easy rail commute of midtown Manhattan would have. They feared that their small towns would become strip malls. In 1999, Metro-North proposed to extend the line 25 miles (40 km) to Tivoli or just 15 miles (24 km) to Rhinecliff.[38] Three new stops would have been built: at Tivoli, Staatsburg and Hyde Park. Service would have also stopped at Rhinecliff, which is served by Amtrak. Parking facilities would have been built at the stations, and a yard would have been built.[39] The Draft Environmental Impact Study for the extension, would have cost $3 million, was deemed as necessary as ridership on the northern part of the Hudson Line was growing faster than that of any other part of the system.[40][41] The Federal Transit Administration provided some funding for the study.[42] The Towns of Stanford,[43] Milan, Red Hook and Rhinebeck and the Villages of Tivoli and Rhinebeck passed resolutions against the study.[44] The study was not done because of significant opposition.[45] However, Poughkeepsie-area commuters have supported such plans since they would ease pressure on that station. As recently as January 2007, supervisors of some towns north of Poughkeepsie have expressed new interest in extending rail service.[46]

Stations[edit]

Milepost Zero on the Hudson Line is at the north property line of 42nd St (i.e. 200–300 ft south of the ends of the tracks). The Marble Hill Cutoff shortened the line by 0.73 miles (1.17 km) circa 1906, so Yonkers station (for example) is at milepost 15.24 but is about 14.46 miles (23.27 km) from end of track at GCT. The Hudson Line did not serve the stations in the Park Avenue tunnel.

Zone Station Miles (km) Date
opened
Date
closed
Connections / notes
1 Grand Central Terminal Handicapped/disabled access 0.0 miles (0 km) October 6, 1871[47] Metro-North Railroad: Harlem Line, New Haven Line
New York City Subway: 4, ​5, ​6, <6>​, 7, <7>​​, and S (at Grand Central–42nd Street)
New York City Bus: M42, M101, M102, M103, SIM4C, SIM6, SIM11, SIM22, SIM26
MTA Bus: BxM1
59th Street
72nd Street June 23, 1901[48]
86th Street 2.2 miles (3.5 km) May 15, 1876[49] June 23, 1901[48]
110th Street 3.4 miles (5.5 km) May 15, 1876[49] June 17, 1906[50]
Harlem–125th Street Handicapped/disabled access 4.2 miles (6.8 km) October 25, 1897[8] Metro-North Railroad: Hudson Line, New Haven Line
New York City Subway: 4, ​5, ​6, and <6> (at 125th Street)
New York City Bus: Bx15, M35, M60 SBS, M98, M100, M101
2 ManhattanThe Bronx line
138th Street 5.0 miles (8.0 km) c. 1858 July 2, 1972[51]
Yankees–East 153rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 5.9 miles (9.5 km) May 23, 2009[52] Metro-North Railroad (game days only): Harlem Line, New Haven Line
New York City Subway: 4​, B, and ​D (at 161st Street–Yankee Stadium)
New York City Bus: Bx6, Bx13
SeaStreak to Highlands Terminal (game days only)
Highbridge 6.7 miles (10.8 km) c. 1870s June 3, 1975 Highbridge station currently is a Metro-North employee-only stop.
Morris Heights Handicapped/disabled access 8.1 miles (13.0 km) c. 1870s New York City Bus: Bx18, Bx40, Bx42
University Heights Handicapped/disabled access 8.7 miles (14.0 km) c. 1870s New York City Bus: Bx12, Bx12 SBS
Fordham Heights c. 1870s Before 1920 Station merged into University Heights.
Marble Hill 9.8 miles (15.8 km) 1906[53] New York City Subway: 1 (at Marble Hill–225th Street)
New York City Bus: Bx7, Bx9, Bx20
MTA Bus: BxM1
Kings Bridge c. 1870s c. 1905 Removed during 1905-06 realignment of Hudson Branch along the Harlem River Ship Canal[54]
Spuyten Duyvil Handicapped/disabled access 11.1 miles (17.9 km) c. 1870s Hudson Rail Link: J, K, L, M
Riverdale Handicapped/disabled access 13.0 miles (20.9 km) Hudson Rail Link: A, B, C, D
Mt. St. Vincent June 3, 1975[55]
3 The BronxWestchester County line
Ludlow Handicapped/disabled access 14.3 miles (23.0 km) Bee-Line Bus: 32; ADA-accessible only northbound
Yonkers Handicapped/disabled access 15.1 miles (24.3 km) 1911 Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Maple Leaf
Bee-Line Bus: 6, 9, 25, 32
Glenwood Handicapped/disabled access 16.2 miles (26.1 km) Bee-Line Bus: 1C, 1T, 1W
Greystone Handicapped/disabled access 17.8 miles (28.6 km) 1899 Bee-Line Bus: 1C, 1T, 1W
4 Hastings-on-Hudson Handicapped/disabled access 19.5 miles (31.4 km) September 29, 1849[56] Bee-Line Bus: 1C, 1T, 1W, 6
Dobbs Ferry Handicapped/disabled access 20.7 miles (33.3 km) September 29, 1849[56] Bee-Line Bus: 1C, 1T, 1W, 6, 66
Ardsley-on-Hudson Handicapped/disabled access 21.7 miles (34.9 km) c. 1895
Irvington Handicapped/disabled access 22.7 miles (36.5 km) ADA-accessible only northbound
5 Tarrytown Handicapped/disabled access 25.2 miles (40.6 km) September 29, 1849[56] Bee-Line Bus: 1T, 13
Transport of Rockland: Tappan ZEExpress
Philipse Manor Handicapped/disabled access 26.5 miles (42.6 km) January 30, 1911[57]
Scarborough Handicapped/disabled access 29.5 miles (47.5 km) Before 1860[58]
Ossining Handicapped/disabled access 30.8 miles (49.6 km) 1848 Bee-Line Bus: 13, 19
NY Waterway: Haverstraw–Ossining Ferry
Croton–Harmon Handicapped/disabled access 33.2 miles (53.4 km) Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
Bee-Line Bus: 10, 11; northern terminus of electrification.
Croton North September 29, 1849[56][59]
1983[60]
1984[60]
6
Oscawana July 2, 1973[61]
Crugers 1996 Replaced by Cortlandt station in 1996.
Cortlandt Handicapped/disabled access 38.4 miles (61.8 km) April 1996[62] Bee-Line Bus: 14
Montrose 1996 Replaced by Cortlandt station in 1996.
Peekskill Handicapped/disabled access 41.2 miles (66.3 km) September 29, 1849[56] Bee-Line Bus: 16, 18, 31
Roa Hook
7 Westchester CountyPutnam County line
Manitou 46.0 miles (74.0 km) Limited-service stop.
Garrison Handicapped/disabled access 49.9 miles (80.3 km)
Cold Spring Handicapped/disabled access 52.5 miles (84.5 km) Putnam Transit: Cold Spring Trolley (seasonal)
Storm King Located at the south end of the Breakneck Ridge Tunnels
Breakneck Ridge 55.0 miles (88.5 km) Limited-service stop.
8 Putnam CountyDutchess County line
Dutchess Juncton c. 1866 1950s Former junction with Newburgh, Dutchess and Connecticut Railroad (eliminated in 1916)
Beacon Handicapped/disabled access 59.0 miles (95.0 km) Dutchess County Public Transit: Beacon RailLink
Leprechaun Lines: Newburgh-Beacon-Stewart Shuttle
NY Waterway: Newburgh-Beacon Ferry
Chelsea 1901 July 2, 1973[61]
New Hamburg Handicapped/disabled access 65.0 miles (104.6 km) December 6, 1849[63]
October 17, 1981[64]
July 2, 1973[61] Dutchess County Public Transit: New Hamburg RailLink
9
Camelot Cut off by a mine in Crown Heights
Poughkeepsie Handicapped/disabled access 73.5 miles (118.3 km) Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
Dutchess County Public Transit: A, B, C, D, E, Poughkeepsie RailLink
City of Poughkeepsie Transit: Main Street, Shoppers' Special
Ulster County Area Transit: Ulster-Poughkeepsie LINK
Short Line Bus: X32N
Trailways of New York: Newburgh-Kingston service

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MTA Metro-North Railroad Ridership Increased in 2012".
  2. ^ a b c "MTA to Purchase Grand Central Terminal, Harlem Line and Hudson Line for $35 Million" (Press release). New York: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. MTA Headquarters. November 13, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  3. ^ Moser, Emily (September 21, 2012). "The Harlem Line, and the color blue". I Ride The Harlem Line... Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  4. ^ Macfarlane, James (1879). The Geologist's Traveling Hand-book: An American Geological Railway Guide, Giving the Geological Formation at Every Railway Station, with Notes on Interesting Places on the Routes, and a Description of Each of the Formations. D. Appleton. p. 218.
  5. ^ a b Commissioners, New York (State) Board of Railroad (1893). Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners of the State of New York.
  6. ^ Official Journal and Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Session of the Congress of the Knights of Labor, New York State. Albany, New York: 1896.
  7. ^ "The Harlem Division". NYCSHS. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Abandoned Stations : Bronx Railroad Stations". Retrieved November 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "SPUYTEN DUYVIL in the details". Forgotten New York. December 2004. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
  10. ^ "City Will Start New High School: Project Is First Phase in Kennedy Educational Park" (PDF). The New York Times. April 20, 1969. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
  11. ^ "THE NY CENTRAL PUTNAM BRANCH in the Bronx". Forgotten New York. May 3, 1999. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
  12. ^ Sprague, J. L.; Cunningham, J. J. (2013). "A Frank Sprague Triumph: The Electrification of Grand Central Terminal [History]". IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). 11 (1): 58–76. doi:10.1109/mpe.2012.2222293. ISSN 1540-7977.
  13. ^ Schlichting, Kurt C. (2001). Grand Central Terminal: Railroads, Architecture and Engineering in New York. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-8018-6510-7.
  14. ^ Williams, Gray (2003). "Suburban Westchester". In Elizabeth G. Fuller and Katherine M. Hite (eds.). Picturing Our Past: National Register Sides in Westchester County. Elmsford, New York: Westchester County Historical Society. pp. 382–383. ISBN 0-915585-14-6.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  15. ^ New York Central April 1959 timetable http://www.canadasouthern.com/caso/ptt/images/tt-0459.pdf
  16. ^ New York Central October 1959 timetable http://www.canadasouthern.com/caso/ptt/images/tt-1059.pdf
  17. ^ New York Central October 1958 timetable http://www.canadasouthern.com/caso/ptt/images/tt-1058.pdf
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