Huejotzingo

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View of the large central plaza

Huejotzingo is the municipal seat of Huejotzingo Municipality, Puebla, Mexico.

The small city of Huejotzingo is one of a number of settlements along the old main highway between Mexico City and the city of Puebla, and is part of the metropolitan area of Puebla. The town is marked by large eucalyptus trees lining the road and surrounded by large apple orchards. In the distance to the west and southwest, the two volcanoes of Popocatepetl and Iztaccíhuatl can be seen on the horizon.[1] The center of the town is marked by a plaza larger than most in central Mexico, and most of it is shaded by trees. It is named after Juan de Alameda, who built the town’s 16th-century former monastery. In this park, there is a stone cross, which marks the Spanish settlement’s division into four neighborhoods. From this plaza, eleven streets lead into the various parts of the city. Surrounding the plaza are the municipal palace, the Portal Iturbide (a commercial center), and a small plaza called the Plazuela de San Diego, which leads to the monastery.[2] The municipal palace contains a mural of the legend of the Daughter of the Corregidor (roughly mayor), which is also re-enacted at the building each year.[1] The town also has a municipal market. Here and in restaurants, local specialties such as fava bean soup, red or green pipian, and a sweet and salty stew called "manchamantel" (literally tablecloth stainer) can be found.[3]

Facade of the San Diego Church

There are two major religious monuments in the city. The first is the San Miguel Arcángel (Archangel Michael) monastery, a very large structure built in the 16th century that is part of the Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl World Heritage Site. The second is the San Diego Temple. This church was also built 16th century, between 1598 and 1600. The building surrounds a well, and it is said that the church was built here because of a miracle that occurred at this well. The main facade is done in sandstone ashlar masonry. The main portal is flanked by pilasters and cornices that reach to the choral window. There are also pinnacles and a rectangular pediment. Topping this is a pedestal with a sculpture of Diego of Acalá. The bell tower has various arched openings with a small dome and "linternilla" to let in light. The interior has a Latin cross layout, covered by two types of vaults and a cupola over a pendentive. The altars are decorated in gold leaf varying between Baroque and Churrigueresque styles. There are also a number of oil paintings, but the most important of these depicts the miracle that supposedly occurred here. A child who has fallen into the well is saved by the saint for whom the church is named.[4][5]

The city hosts a number of fairs and festivals during the year, the best known and largest of which is carnival.[4] For the six weeks prior to Holy Week, ornamental altars depicting different Biblical passages are displayed in front of homes in the town of Huejotzingo.[5] As the area is known for its production of apple cider, the city hosts a Feria de la Sidra (Cider Fair) each year in September.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Winningham, Geoff (February 1994). "The guns of Huejotzingo". Texas Monthly (Austin, Texas) 22 (2): 92. 
  2. ^ Ricardo Diazmunoz; Maryell Ortiz de Zarate (November 17, 2002). "Encuentros con Mexico/ En las estribaciones de la Mujer Dormida" [Encounters with Mexico/On the flanks of the Sleeping Woman]. Reforma (in Spanish) (Mexico City). p. 10. 
  3. ^ a b "Estado de Puebla, Huejotzingo" [State of Puebla, Huejotzingo]. Mexico Querido (in Spanish). Mexico City: Editur Mexico. 2009. Retrieved February 1, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Akaike Garrido, Yuki (2010). Jimenez Gonzalez, Victor Manuel, ed. Puebla:Guía para descubrir los encantos del estado (in Spanish). Mexico City: Editorial Océano S.L. pp. 125–126. ISBN 978-607-400-234-8. 
  5. ^ a b "Atractivos Culturales y Turisticos de Huejotzingo" [Cultural and Tourist Attraction of Huejotzingo] (in Spanish). Puebla, Mexico: Municipality of Huejotzingo. Retrieved February 1, 2011.