Huelva (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Huelva
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Huelva).png
Location of Huelva within Spain
Province Huelva
Autonomous community Andalusia
Population 520,017 (2016)
Electorate 396,117 (2016)
Major settlements Huelva
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 5

Huelva is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects five deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Huelva is currently set at five. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Huelva 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
2 3
1st 1979
2 3
2nd 1982
4 1
3rd 1986
4 1
4th 1989
4 1
5th 1993
3 2
6th 1996
3 2
7th 2000
3 2
8th 2004
3 2
9th 2008
3 2
10th 2011
2 3
11th 2015
1 2 2
12th 2016
1 2 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 88,100 35.84 –1.07 2 ±0
People's Party (PP) 81,959 33.34 +4.64 2 ±0
United We Can for Andalusia (PodemosIUeQuo)1 40,023 16.28 –3.49 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 28,685 11.67 –0.21 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,850 1.16 +0.24 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,526 1.03 +0.10
Total 245,819 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 245,819 98.62 –0.21
Invalid votes 3,450 1.38 +0.21
Votes cast / turnout 249,269 62.93 –3.20
Abstentions 146,848 37.07 +3.20
Registered voters 396,117
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 95,637 36.91 –3.63 2 ±0
People's Party (PP) 74,353 28.70 –15.19 2 –1
We Can (Podemos) 39,435 15.22 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 30,776 11.88 New 0 ±0
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 11,786 4.55 –2.48 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,409 0.93 –0.36
Total 259,090 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 259,090 98.83 +0.06
Invalid votes 3,061 1.17 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 262,151 66.13 –1.80
Abstentions 134,264 33.87 +1.80
Registered voters 396,415
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 115,651 43.89 +8.89 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 106,835 40.54 –15.13 2 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 18,532 7.03 +2.11 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 9,048 3.43 +2.57 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 4,992 1.89 +0.36 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,412 1.29 +0.32
Total 263,507 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 263,507 98.77 –0.56
Invalid votes 3,281 1.23 +0.56
Votes cast / turnout 266,788 67.93 –1.98
Abstentions 125,967 32.07 +1.98
Registered voters 392,755
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 149,494 55.67 –0.52 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 93,984 35.00 +4.41 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia–Alternative (IULV–CA) 13,210 4.92 –0.57 0 ±0
Andalusian Coalition (CA)1 4,110 1.53 –4.14 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,603 0.97 –0.49
Total 268,531 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 268,531 99.33 +0.02
Invalid votes 1,804 0.67 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 270,335 69.91 –3.29
Abstentions 116,337 30.09 +3.29
Registered voters 386,672
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 154,579 56.19 +9.31 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 84,173 30.59 –9.57 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 15,097 5.49 –0.92 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 14,542 5.29 +0.56 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,009 1.46 +0.30
Total 275,121 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 275,121 99.31 +0.07
Invalid votes 1,907 0.69 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 277,028 73.20 +6.60
Abstentions 101,400 26.80 –6.60
Registered voters 378,428
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 115,071 46.88 –5.27 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 98,575 40.16 +6.26 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 15,729 6.41 –3.80 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 11,613 4.73 +2.04 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,858 1.16 +0.50
Total 245,452 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 245,452 99.24 +0.09
Invalid votes 1,891 0.76 –0.09
Votes cast / turnout 247,343 66.60 –8.71
Abstentions 124,018 33.40 +8.71
Registered voters 371,361
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 138,259 52.15 –3.71 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 89,882 33.90 +4.59 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 27,060 10.21 +1.16 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 7,129 2.69 –0.85 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,758 0.66 +0.18
Total 265,126 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 265,126 99.15 –0.51
Invalid votes 2,264 0.85 +0.51
Votes cast / turnout 267,390 75.31 +2.34
Abstentions 87,657 24.69 –2.34
Registered voters 355,047
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 138,445 55.86 –2.68 3 –1
People's Party (PP) 72,640 29.31 +9.73 2 +1
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 22,439 9.05 +1.31 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 7,454 3.01 –2.04 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,185 0.48 +0.03
Total 247,841 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 247,841 99.66 +0.15
Invalid votes 841 0.34 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 248,682 72.97 +6.89
Abstentions 92,123 27.03 –6.89
Registered voters 340,805
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 123,126 58.54 –3.68 4 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 41,173 19.58 –1.79 1 ±0
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 16,278 7.74 +2.46 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 10,618 5.05 +2.71 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 9,846 4.68 –1.06 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 3,223 1.53 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 940 0.45 +0.01
Total 210,319 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 210,319 99.51 +1.12
Invalid votes 1,032 0.49 –1.12
Votes cast / turnout 211,351 66.08 –1.69
Abstentions 108,513 33.92 +1.69
Registered voters 319,864
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 130,386 62.22 –1.14 4 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 44,778 21.37 +0.58 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 12,034 5.74 +4.38 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 11,068 5.28 +1.66 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 4,910 2.34 +0.63 0 ±0
Blank ballots 931 0.44 +0.18
Total 209,541 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 209,541 98.39 –0.26
Invalid votes 3,425 1.61 +0.26
Votes cast / turnout 212,966 67.77 –9.61
Abstentions 101,280 32.23 +9.61
Registered voters 314,246
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSA–PSOE) 139,420 63.36 +27.95 4 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 45,755 20.79 +17.49 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 17,174 7.80 –29.49 0 –3
Communist Party of Andalusia (PCA–PCE) 7,976 3.62 –3.38 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 3,752 1.71 –7.90 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,003 1.36 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 563 0.26 +0.08
Total 220,051 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 220,051 98.65 –0.23
Invalid votes 3,019 1.35 +0.23
Votes cast / turnout 223,070 77.38 +11.26
Abstentions 65,215 22.62 –11.26
Registered voters 288,285
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 68,756 37.29 –10.50 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 65,302 35.41 –0.90 2 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 17,720 9.61 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 12,913 7.00 +1.54 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 6,080 3.30 –1.73 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)3 4,330 2.35 +0.76 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 3,010 1.63 New 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)4 2,009 1.09 –0.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 332 0.18 +0.02
Total 184,404 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 184,404 98.88 +0.31
Invalid votes 2,094 1.12 –0.31
Votes cast / turnout 186,498 66.12 –8.21
Abstentions 95,577 33.88 +8.21
Registered voters 282,075
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

HuelvaMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 89,494 47.79 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 63,172 33.74 2
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 10,217 5.46 0
People's Alliance (AP) 9,415 5.03 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 4,819 2.57 0
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 2,974 1.59 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 2,604 1.39 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 2,214 1.18 0
Blank ballots 295 0.16
Total 187,251 100.00 5
Valid votes 187,251 98.57
Invalid votes 2,710 1.43
Votes cast / turnout 189,961 74.33
Abstentions 65,596 25.67
Registered voters 255,557
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 37°40′N 7°00′W / 37.667°N 7.000°W / 37.667; -7.000