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A huerta (Spanish: [ˈweɾta]) or horta (Valencian: [ˈɔɾta], Portuguese: [ˈɔɾtɐ]), from Latin hortus, "garden", is a fertile area, or a field within a fertile area, common in Spain and Portugal, where a variety of common vegetables and fruit trees are cultivated for family consumption and sale. Typically, huertas belong to different people, huertas are also located in groups, or around rivers or other water sources because of the amount of irrigation required. It is a kind of market garden.

Huerta in Valencia, Spain

Alternate definitions[edit]

Elinor Ostrom has defined huertas as "well-demarked irrigation areas surrounding or near towns" (emphasis added).[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ostrom, Elinor (2015). Governing the Commons, p.71.


  • Glick, Thomas F. 1970. Irrigation and Society in Medieval Valencia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Maass, Arthur, and Raymond Lloyd Anderson. 1978. ...and the Desert Shall Rejoice: Conflict, Growth and Justice in Arid Environments. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ISBN 9780262131346
  • Ostrom, Elinor (2015 [1990]). "Huerta Irrigation Institutions." Pp.69-82 in Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107569782