Hugh Aiken Bayne

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Hugh Aiken Bayne
Born Hugh Aiken Bayne
(1870-02-15)February 15, 1870
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Died December 24, 1954(1954-12-24) (aged 84)
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
Nationality American
Education Yale University
Occupation Lawyer
Judge Advocate
Lieutenant Colonel
Employer Strong & Cadwalader
Adjutant General's Office
Prisoners of War Mission
Liquidation Commission of the War Department
Inter-Allied Reparations Commission
Known for Judge on the Inter-Allied Reparations Commission under the treaties of Versailles and St. Germain
Spouse(s) Helen (Cheney) Bayne
Parent(s) Thomas Levingston Bayne
Relatives John Gayle (grandfather)
Honors Distinguished Service Medal
Légion d'honneur

Hugh Aiken Bayne (15 February 1870 in New Orleans – 24 December 1954 in New Haven, Connecticut) was the son of Thomas Levingston Bayne, a lawyer who fought in the Civil War. His grandfather John Gayle was a Congressman and Governor of Alabama.

Bayne attended Yale University, where he graduated in 1892 with an AB. While at Yale, he published The Tales of Temple Bar: A Prologue (1891),[1] a collection of his comic writing for campus humor magazine The Yale Record. He was a member of Skull and Bones.[2]

He would later receive an honorary LLD from Tulane University. In the same year he was admitted to the bar, and began the practice of law in New Orleans. Bayne moved to New York City in 1898, where he would continue the practice of law until 1919. From 1905 to 1914 he was a member of the storied law firm, Strong & Cadwalader of New York City.

During World War I he served as a major judge advocate in the Adjutant Generals Office, as a counsel on the Prisoners of War Mission and served on the Liquidation Commission of the War Department. He was made a Lieutenant Colonel in 1919, but he never fought in any battles. For his services he was decorated with the Distinguished Service Medal and the Légion d'honneur.

After the war he served on the Reparations Commission under the treaties of Versailles and St. Germain. During this time he served as a judge deciding the claim of Belgium vs. Austria, regarding the Treasure of the Order of Golden Fleece. The King of Belgium requested that the treasure be transferred to him as the new ruler of the former Habsburg lands of the Austrian Netherlands. The three judges, of whom Bayne was one gave serious consideration to handing the treasure over to Belgium. However at the request of Emperor Carl, King Alfonso XIII of Spain intervened and the treasure remained in Austrian hands. He also handled the claim of Czecho-Slovakia being the successor to the Kingdom of Bohemia, and a claim regarding 500 works of art stolen from Bohemia by Austria between 1616 and 1914. One of the most interesting claims he handled was Standard Oil Co. vs. the Reparations Commission. The commission had appropriated 21 oil tankers owned by a Germany subsidiary of Standard Oil to pay for Germans reparations. He also handled cases on disarmament clauses.

On 8 October 1895 he married Helen Cheney, the sister of Knight Dexter Cheney, Jr., one of Bayne's classmates at Yale and brothers in Skull and Bones.


  1. ^ Bayne, Hugh Aiken (1891). The Tales of Temple Bar: A Prologue. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Publishers.
  2. ^ Hamersly, Lewis Randolph (1907). Who's who in New York City and State , Issue 3. p. 97. Retrieved April 20, 2011. 

"Fortunate Men Cheered". Boston Daily Globe, May 22, 1891.