Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk
|3rd Earl of Norfolk|
Arms of Bigod (dropped post-1269 by Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk): Or, a cross gules
|Predecessor||Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk|
|Successor||Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk|
|Died||18 February 1225|
|Parents||Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk|
Ida de Tosny
Marriage and children
In late 1206 or early 1207, Hugh married Maud Marshal (1192 - 27 March 1248), daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147–1219), Marshal of England, by his wife Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke. They had four, or possibly five, children:
- Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk (c. 1209-1270), died childless.
- Hugh Bigod (1211–1266), Justiciar of England. Married Joan de Stuteville, by whom he had issue.
- Isabel Bigod (c. 1212- 1250), married twice: Firstly to Gilbert de Lacy (son of Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath and his wife Margaret de Braose), by whom she had issue; Secondly to John FitzGeoffrey, Lord of Shere, by whom she had issue, including Maud FitzJohn, and Joan FitzJohn who married Theobald le Botiller, and from whom descended the Irish Earls of Ormond.
- Ralph Bigod (born c. 1215)
Contrary to the assertion of Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, there is no evidence for a fourth son called Simon Bigod. A man of that name appears as a witness to one of Earl Hugh's charters (Morris, HBII 2), but as the eighteenth name in a list of twenty, suggesting no close connection to the main branch of the family. He is also named among the knights who surrendered to King John at Framlingham Castle in 1216. He was a probably a descendant of Hugh or William Bigod, half-brothers to Earl Roger II Bigod.
Simon le Bigot is recognized as the third son of Hugh Bigod in Francis Blomefield, 'North Erpingham Hundred: Felbrigg', in An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 8 (London, 1808), pp. 107–119. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-hist-norfolk/vol8/pp107-119 [accessed 2 June 2019]. He is also recognized by Gary Boyd Roberts in The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States Vol 1 p528.
Hugh died on 18 February 1225. Very soon after Hugh's death, his widow Maud remarried William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey.
Hugh Bigod in fiction
Hugh Bigod and his wife [Mahelt] are the main characters in Elizabeth Chadwick's To Defy a King. They also appear as secondary characters in novels chronicling their parents such as The Time of Singing (UK: Sphere, 2008) published in the USA as For the King's Favor; The Greatest Knight; and The Scarlet Lion.
|Ancestors of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk|
- M. Morris, The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the Thirteenth Century (Woodbridge, 2005)
- Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands on Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy
- Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands on Isabel Bigod, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy
Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of NorfolkBorn: c. 1182 Died: 1225
| Earl of Norfolk