Hugh Courtenay, 18th Earl of Devon
|The Right Honourable
The Earl of Devon
|Born||Hugh Rupert Courtenay
5 May 1942
|Died||18 August 2015(aged 73)|
|Spouse(s)||Diana Watherston (m. 1967)|
|Children||4, including Charles Courtenay, 19th Earl of Devon|
|Parents||Charles Courtenay, 17th Earl of Devon
|Occupation||Landowner and surveyor|
He was the son and heir of Charles Christopher Courtenay, 17th Earl of Devon (1916–1998) by his wife Venetia Taylor (died 2001). From his birth in 1942, until he succeeded to the earldom in 1998, he was known by the courtesy title of Lord Courtenay.
He was a direct descendant in an unbroken male line of Robert de Courtenay (d.1242), son of Reginald II de Courtenay (d.1194) by his wife Hawise de Curcy (d.1219), heiress of the feudal barony of Okehampton in Devon. Robert married Mary de Vernon, daughter of William de Redvers, 5th Earl of Devon (d.1217), feudal baron of Plympton in Devon. From this marriage the Courtenays later inherited the barony of Plympton in 1293 and in 1335 were declared Earls of Devon. The House of Courtenay were not Normans who "came over with William the Conqueror", as did much of the ancient English aristocracy, but were Frenchmen who were seated within the Kingdom of France, one of whom came to England some time after the Norman Conquest, having had his lands seized by the French king.
The Courtenay family of Powderham was a junior branch of the family descended from Sir Philip Courtenay (1340–1406), 5th or 6th son of Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (1303–1377) of Tiverton Castle, Devon, by his wife Margaret de Bohun (d.1391), daughter and heiress of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (d.1322), by his wife Elizabeth Plantagenet, a daughter of King Edward I. The ancient Earls of Devon of Tiverton Castle were extinguished in the 15th century during the Wars of the Roses, but the title was revived soon after for close cousins who successively died without male progeny. The Courtenays of Powderham, by then very distant relations, in 1644 created baronets, were retrospectively recognised in the 19th century by the House of Lords to have been rightful (de jure) Earls of Devon since the 16th century, being heirs male of the last earl seated at Tiverton Castle, and from that time adopted the title.
Background and Career
Devon was the younger child of Charles Courtenay, 17th Earl of Devon and (Sybil) Venetia Taylor, who had two other children from her previous marriage to Mark Everard Pepys, 6th Earl of Cottenham. Born the day after Exeter was bombed during the Baedeker Blitz and while his father was away in North Africa with the Coldstream Guards, it was reported that his sisters and household staff had been hiding in the cellars while his mother insisted on giving birth in the state bed rather than evacuate. He was educated at St Peter's School, Seaford and Winchester College and graduated with a B.A. degree from Magdalene College, Cambridge, in 1964. From 1971 to 1977 he served in the Royal Devon Yeomanry, retiring with the rank of captain. He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) of Devon in 1991.
Devon was an Associate of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (A.R.I.C.S.) and successfully helped the family seat at Powderham Castle move into the black. The family finances had fallen on hard times after the deaths of three earls between 1927 and 1935 brought triple death duties. By the 1970s, the family lands had shrunk by 90 percent. The family was in talks to place Powderham in the hands of the National Trust, but the 17th earl backed out when the National Trust insisted on a £60,000 endowment. The castle was opened to the public in 1957.
The 18th earl greatly improved the estate, expanding its farmlands from 400 to 2,000 acres and reviving the 18th-century gardens and deer park. He also ran horse trials from Powderham, managed one of the leading herds of cattle in South Devon, and successfully sued the Queen to regain the family's medieval land rights on the foreshore of the estuary of the River Exe. Once regained, he was quickly set up a thriving business of shell fishing and the renting of moorings. Powderham, which now sees 35,000 visitors each summer, has also been a popular events venue for concerts including Elton John and Tom Jones, and sporting events.
In 2008, the earl had his licence to hold civil ceremonies at Powderham Castle revoked by Devon County Council, as he had refused permission to allow a gay civil partnership ceremony to take place there, an action the Council said was in contravention of the Equality Act 2006. He reversed his stance in 2013.
Marriage and progeny
- Lady Rebecca Eildon Courtenay (b. 1969), who is married to Jeremy Lloyd Wharton. They have three daughters: Alice Lucinda Wharton (b. 1998), Emilia Rose Wharton (b. 1999) and Tatiana Elizabeth Wharton (b. 2002).
- Lady Eleonora Venetia Courtenay (b. 1971), who is married to Edward Robert Hamilton Clarkson. They have three children
- Lady Camilla Mary Courtenay (b. 1974), who is married to Daniel Bruce Duff. They have three children.
- Charles Peregrine Courtenay, 19th Earl of Devon (b. 1975), who is married to the American actress Allison Joy Langer, (now known as "Allison Joy, Countess of Devon") with two children: a daughter, Lady Joscelyn Skye Courtenay (b. 31 January 2007), and a son, Jack Haydon Langer Courtenay, Lord Courtenay. (b. 16 August 2009)
Death & burial
The 18th Earl of Devon died peacefully on 18 August 2015 at the age of 73. His death was announced by his family on 20 August.
|Ancestors of Hugh Courtenay, 18th Earl of Devon|
- "Obituaries: The Earl of Devon". The Times (The Times Digital Archive). 22 August 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, pp.70,138
- "Friends and family mourn Earl of Devon, the saviour of Powderham, who has died aged 73". Western Morning News. 21 August 2015.
- "The Earl of Devon - obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Earl banned from holding weddings at his 600-year-old castle for refusing to allow a gay marriage". Daily Mail (London). 30 May 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
- "Castle ban in 'gay wedding' row". BBC News. 30 May 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
- Pierce, Andrew (2 July 2009). "Earl of Devon sells family silver after civil partnership ban". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Table of Descent of the Courtenay Earls of Devon
- "The Helen Foundation". The Helen Foundation.
- "DEVON COUNTY SHOW: Superstar skippy’s victory for Countess". North Devon Journal.
- The Exeter Express and Echo, Earl of Devon Hugh Courtenay has died, aged 73, 20 August 2015 (access date 20 August 2015)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Devon
- Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th Edition, edited by Charles Mosley, Wilmington, Delaware, 2003, vol I, pp. 1121–1126, ISBN 0-9711966-2-1
|Peerage of England|
|Earl of Devon