Hugh Davies (composer)
Davies was born in Exmouth, Devon, England. After attending Westminster School, he studied music at Worcester College, Oxford from 1961 to 1964. Shortly after he traveled to Cologne, Germany to work for Karlheinz Stockhausen as his personal assistant. For two years, he assembled and documented material for Stockhausen's compositions and was a member of his live ensemble.
From 1968 to 1971 Davies played in a group called the Music Improvisation Company. The group's guitarist Derek Bailey later wrote that "the live electronics served to extend the music both forwards and backwards (...) Davies helped to loosen what had been, until his arrival, a perhaps too rarified approach". He was also a member of the group Gentle Fire, active from 1968 to 1975, which specialised in the realisation of indeterminate and mobile scores, as well as verbally formulated intuitive-music compositions (such as Stockhausen's Aus den sieben Tagen) and in the performance of its own Group Compositions.
Davies invented musical instruments that he constructed from household items. Among them was the shozyg, a generic name he used for any instrument housed inside an unusual container. The name is derived from the first of such instruments, which was housed inside the final volume of an encyclopaedia (covering the subjects from SHO– to ZYG–).
From the 1960s onwards Davies made very significant contributions to the documentation of electronic music history, and in 1968 published a catalogue in which he listed - ostensibly - all the works of electronic music ever composed worldwide. It has been argued that, through his research and documentation, Davies characterised electronic music for the first time as a truly international, interdisciplinary field.
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- The Music Improvisation Company (ECM, 1970) with Christine Jeffrey
- The Music Improvisation Company 1968-1971 (Incus, 1968-71 )
- Roberts, David (2001). "Davies, Hugh (Seymour)". In Stanley Sadie & John Tyrrell [eds.]. New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Macmillan Publishers Ltd. pp. 61–2. ISBN 978-0-333-60800-5.
- Bailey, Derek (1980). Improvisation: Its nature and practice in music. Moorland Publishing. p. 112.
- Davies, Hugh (2001). "Gentle Fire: An Early Approach to Live Electronic Music". Leonardo Music Journal. 11: 53–60.
- Emmerson, Simon (1991). "Live Electronic Music in Britain: Three Case Studies". Contemporary Music Review. 6 (1): 179–195. doi:10.1080/07494469100640191.
- Roberts, David (1984). "Shozyg". In Stanley Sadie [ed.]. New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments. Macmillan Publishers Ltd. pp. 377–8. ISBN 978-0-333-37878-6.
- Davies, Hugh (1968). Repertoire International des Musiques Electroacoustiques/International Electronic Music Catalog. Paris; Trumansburg, NY: Le Groupe de Recherches Musicales de l'ORTF; The Independent Electronic Music Center, Inc.; MIT Press.
- Mooney, James (2015). "Hugh Davies's Electronic Music Documentation 1961–1968". Organised Sound. 20 (1): 111–121. doi:10.1017/S1355771814000521.
- "APG: Artist Placement Group". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
- "SONIC ARTS - Staff - Hugh Davies". Web.mdx.ac.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
- Mooney, James. 2016. "Technology, Process and Musical Personality in the Music of Stockhausen, Hugh Davies and Gentle Fire". In The Musical Legacy of Karlheinz Stockhausen: Looking Back and Forward, edited by M.J. Grant and Imke Misch, 102–15. Hofheim: Wolke Verlag. ISBN 978-3-95593-068-4.
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